Skip to main content

Table 1 Locally recognized mammal species, scientific names, names in Lacandon Maya, frequency of mention, and use categories mentioned in the communities Playon de la Gloria, Reforma Agraria, Naha, and Metzabok, Chiapas, Mexico

From: Cultural significance of wild mammals in mayan and mestizo communities of the Lacandon Rainforest, Chiapas, Mexico

  Local species Scientific name Maya-Lacandon name Use categories Total Fr/Me Mest.Fr/Me Lac.Fr/Me
1 Tepezcuintle Cuniculus paca Haré Co, Da, Na y Ma 163 82 81
2 Puerco de monte Tayassuidae Family Hax kekan Co, Da, Me y Ma 157 88 69
3 Venado cola blanca Odocoileus virginianus Co, Da, Me, Na, Ar, UH, Or y Ma 148 84 64
4 Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus Huech Co, Da, Me, Na y UH 124 75 49
5 Jaguar Panthera onca Hax barum Co, Da, Me, Na y Or 105 58 47
6 Tlacuache Didelphidae Family Kan’ och Da y Me 99 50 49
7 Tejon Nasua narica Sú sú Co, Da, Me y Na 95 47 48
8 Mapache Procyon lotor A’ka’bak Co, Da y Ma 88 55 33
9 Saraguato Alouatta pigra Ba’st Co, Me y Na 82 47 35
10 Tapir Tapirus bairdii Caxitzimin Da, Me y Na 77 63 14
11 Mono araña Ateles geoffroyi Ma’ax Co, Me, Na y Ma 74 45 29
12 Ardilla Sciuridae Family Ak’ kuk Co, Da y Me 64 31 33
13 Sereque Dasyprocta punctata Tzub Co, Me y Or 59 15 44
14 Tigrillo Leopardus wiedii Mam bore’ Da, Na y Or 52 33 19
15 Zorrillo Mephitidae Family Apay Co, Da y Me 47 20 27
16 Venado cabrito Mazama temama Yuk Co, Da, Ar, UH y Or 43 25 18
17 Tuza Geomyidae Family Baá Co, Da, Me y Na 39 16 23
18 Martucha Potos flavus Ak max NC 37 19 18
19 Oso hormiguero Tamandua mexicana Aj chap’ Da 30 16 14
20 Zorra gris Urocyon cinereoargenteus Chámak Da 30 10 20
21 Leoncillo Puma yagouaroundi Ek barum Da 27 20 7
22 Nutria Lontra longicaudis Tzurei ha Na 26 15 11
23 Puma Puma concolor Chaak barum Da y Or 25 15 10
24 Raton Muridae Family Chok Da 24 14 10
25 Conejo Sylvilagus Family At tuur Co 22 9 13
26 Puerco espin Sphiggurus mexicanus Kix pach Da y Na 21 10 11
27 Cabeza de viejo Eira barbara Sanjor Da 18 15 3
28 Ocelote Leopardus pardalis Ek xux Da 12 6 6
29 Murcielago Chiroptera Sek Da y Na 12 4 8
30 Cacomixtle Bassariscus sumichrasti Ha yuk NC 6 0 6
31 Armadillo de cola desnuda Cabassous centralis Kitam huech Da 5 0 5
32 Coyote Canis lantras Peki cash Da 4 1 3
33 Comadreja Mustela frenata Ag sabin NC 4 3 1
34 Mico dorado Cyclopes didactylus Cha’ak chap’ Na 3 3 1
35 Raton tlacuache Marmosa mexicana Chok och* Da 3 3 0
36 Tlacuache acuático Chironectes minimus Han och* Da 2 2 0
37 Grison Galictis vittata Sanjor* Da 1 1 0
38 Tlacuache dorado Caluromys derbianus Zek tu biix NC 1 1 1
  1. Total Fr/Me = total frequency of mention, Mest. Fr/Me = frequency of mention in mestizo communities, Lac.Fr/Me = frequency of mention in Lacandon communities, Co = Edible, Da = Harmful, Me = Medicinal, Na = Narratives, Ma = Pet, Ar = Artisan use, Or = Ornamental use, UH = Utensils and/or tools, and NC = uncategorized. *Names mentioned in interviews with the Lacandon participants after the free listings.