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Table 2 Wild edible species cited in the communities

From: Knowledge and use of wild edible plants in rural communities along Paraguay River, Pantanal, Brazil

Family Species Local name Vegetation type Edible plant parts Mode of consumption Other uses UV (General) UV (edible)
Anacardiaceae Spondias mombin L. Cajá, acaiá, caiá Sd, Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.085 0.056
Annonaceae Annona cornifolia A. St. – Hil. Ata-do-campo Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Annonaceae Annona nutans (R.E.Fr.) R.E.Fr. Ata-brava An, De Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Annonaceae Annona sp. Ata-do-campo Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.028 0.028
Apocynaceae Hancornia speciosa Gomez mangaba Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal, forage, technology 0.141 0.099
Arecaceae Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. Ex Mart. Bocaiuva, “Maguedji” (Guató) An, De, Sd, Ce, Rf Fruit (epicarp, mesocarp), seeds, leaf Ripe fruit pulp (mesocarp) eaten fresh, liquor produced with pulp, sugar and alcohol, juice made with water and pulp after roasted in ovena; alcoholic beverage, fermented juicea, oil produced from the crushed seeds and placed in boiling watera, drink prepared with pulp and water, drink prepared with hot milk put over the grated seeds, palm heart bakeda Medicinal, bait, others (forage) 0.662 0.352
Arecaceae Allagoptera leucocalyx (Drude) Kuntze Buri An, Ce Fruit Mesocarp and seeds consumed fresh Forage 0.028 0.014
Arecaceae Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. Acuri, “mudjí ” (Guató) An, De, Sd, Ce, Rf Fruit, leaf Pulp unripe or ripe fruits eaten cooked, palm heat bakeda, Construction, Technology, bait 0.197 0.085
Arecaceae Bactris glauscescens Drude Tucum-roxo, tucum-verde, “magueto” (Guató) Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait, construction 0.366 0.028
Arecaceae Bactris major Jacq. Tucum-branco Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.042 0.028
Arecaceae Bactris riparia Mart. Tucum-vermelho Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.070 0.014
Arecaceae Copernicia alba Morong Carandá, “mufá” (Guató) Sd, Rf, Fl Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Baits, construction, others (handicraft) 0.310 0.028
Arecaceae Desmoncus orthacanthos Mart. Urubamba, tucum-preto Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait, technology 0.042 0.014
Bromeliaceae Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B.Sm. Abacaxizinho Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Cactaceae Cereus bicolor Rizzini & A. Mattos Urumbeva De, Sd Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Others (nests of bees) 0.028 0.014
Caryocaraceae Caryocar brasiliense Cambess. Pequi An, Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten cooked, liquor produced with pulp, sugar and alcohol - 0.099 0.070
Cecropiaceae Cecropia pachystachya Trécul Embaúba An, De, Sd, Ce, Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh medicinal 0.225 0.014
Celastraceae Salacia elliptica (Mart. ex Schult.) G. Don Siputá, “mats´í” (Guató) Sd, Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal, technology 0.155 0.042
Chrysobalanaceae Couepia uiti (Mart. & Zucc.) Benth. ex Hook.f. Fruta-de-pato Ce, Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.028 0.028
Clusiaceae Garcinia gardneriana (Planch. & Triana) Zappi Acupari Sd, Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.070 0.028
Combretaceae Buchenavia tomentosa Eichler Tarumarana Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Ornamental, others (forage) 0.056 0.014
Ebenaceae Diospyros hispida A.DC. Olho-de-boi Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Fabaceae Cassia grandis L.f. Canafístula Rf Fruit Resin of fruits (ripe) Medicinal 0.056 0.014
Fabaceae Hymenaea courbaril L. Jatobá-mirim, jatobá-preto De, Sd, Rf Seeds (sarcotesta) Farinaceous pulp (sarcotesta) eaten fresh Medicinal 0.366 0.014
Fabaceae Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. ex. Hayne Jatobá-cascudo Ce Seeds (sarcotesta) Sarcotesta eaten fresh Medicinal 0.239 0.014
Fabaceae Inga vera Willd. Ingá Rf Fruit Pulp (aryl seed) consumed fresh Bait, construction, others (firewood for charcoal production) 0.099 0.028
Fabaceae Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Fedegoso An, De, Sd, Ce, Rf, Fl Seeds Drink (café de fededoso) made with roasted and ground seeds medicinal 0.211 0.014
Indeterminada Indet. Azedinha Sd Fruit Drink produced with pulp - 0.014 0.014
Lamiaceae Vitex cymosa Bertero ex Spreng. Tarumã, “madô”(Guató) Sd, Rf Fruit, flower Ripe fruits eaten fresh and tea prepared with the flowers Medicinail, bait 0.169 0.085
Malpighiaceae Byrsonima cydoniifolia A.Juss Juss. Canjiquinha Rf, Fl Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.028 0.028
Malpighiaceae Indet. Cereja Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Malvaceae Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. chico-magro An, De, Sd, Ce, Rf Fruit Fresh fruits Medicinal 0.056 0.014
Malvaceae Sterculia striata A.St.-Hil. & Naudin Manduvi De, Sd Seeds Seeds consumed toast Others (sympathy to heal and medicinal - veterinary uses) 0.056 0.042
Melastomataceae Mouriri guianensis Aubl. Roncador Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh. Forage 0.113 0.014
Menispermaceae Abuta grandifolia Mart. Sandwith Grão-de-galo Sd Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.014 0.014
Moraceae Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud. Taiúva De, Sd Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal 0.028 0.014
Myrtaceae Eugenia uniflora L. Pitanga An Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal 0.014 0.014
Myrtaceae Indet. Orvalho De, Sd Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh. - 0.014 0.014
Myrtaceae Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel Jabuticaba, jabuticaba-nativa An, De Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh, like a jam and vinegar Medicinal 0.352 0.324
Myrtaceae Psidium sp. goiabinha, goiabinha-do-mato Sd Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.028 0.014
Nynphaeaceae Victoria amazonica (Poepp.) J.C. Sowerby Forno d-água Aq Seeds Starch made with seed, peeled and crushed in pestlea - 0.014 0.014
Passifloraceae Passiflora cincinnata Mast. Maracujá-do-mato De Seeds Pulp (seed aryl) consumed fresh - 0.056 0.042
Passifloraceae Passiflora misera Kunth Maracujá-do-mato, maracujá-nativo Rf Seeds Aryl seed consumed fresh - 0.028 0.028
Poaceae Oryza glumaepatula Steud. Arroz, “matchamo” (Guató) Aq Seeds Sun-dried seeds, peeled, and cookeda - 0.014 0.014
Poaceae Oryza latifolia Desv. Arroz, “matchamo”(Guató) Aq Seeds Sun-dried seeds, peeled, and cookeda - 0.014 0.014
Polygonaceae Coccoloba parimensis Benth. Canjiquinha, rosarinho, uvinha De, Rf Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.042 0.042
Rhamnaceae Rhamnidium elaeocarpum Reissek Cabriteira De, Sd, Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal, technology 0.056 0.014
Rhamnaceae Zizyphus oblongifolius Moore. Fruto-de-cabra, veludinho, “macariguá” (Guató) De Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Others (oral hygiene) 0.056 0.028
Rubiaceae Alibertia edulis (Rich.) A. Rich. ex DC. Marmelada Ce Fruit Pulp ripe fruits eaten fresh Baits 0.028 0.014
Rubiaceae Genipa americana L. Jenipapo, “mató” (Guató) An, Rf Fruit Mature pulp used to make jams and liquor Medicinal, bait, technology, others (sympathy to heal) 0.254 0.070
Rutaceae Esenbeckia almawillia Kaastra Côca Rf Leaf Leaves used to add on the hot “garapa” (sugar cane juice) and for making tea enjoyed by taste. Medicinal 0.042 0.014
Sapindaceae Mellicoccus lepidopetalus Radlk. Água-pomba, “mapô” (Guató) De Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh - 0.099 0.099
Sapindaceae Talisia esculenta (A. St.-Hil.) Radlk. Pitomba De, Sd Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Medicinal (veterinary uses) 0.070 0.042
Sapotaceae Pouteria glomerata (Miq.) Radlk. Laranjinha-de-pacu, “macondjê”(Guató) Rf Fruit Ripe fruits eaten fresh Bait 0.296 0.056
  1. De deciduous forest, Sd semideciduous forest, Ce Cerrado, Rf riparian forest, Fl floodplains: An = anthropogenic (Homegardens and terrenos)
  2. aIndicates only uses made in the past
  3. Guató name “…” were compiled from Oliveira (1996)