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Table 1 Local wild or semi-domesticated food plant uses recorded in the studied area

From: Isolated, but transnational: the glocal nature of Waldensian ethnobotany, Western Alps, NW Italy

Botanical taxon/family and voucher specimen code Recorded local names Plant part(s) Local culinary use(s) Wal Cat Citations Notes
Achillea erba-rotta All. Asteraceae UNISGVALACH Routto Ruta di montagna Aerial parts Home-made liqueurs +   * C
Achillea millefolium L. Asteraceae UNISGVGB025 Primmoflour Leaves Soups   + * P
Alchemilla xanthochloraRothm. Rosacea UNISGVGB030   Leaves Soups + + * P
Allium schoenoprasum L. Amaryllidaceae UNISGVALALL Aiet Leaves Seasoning (salads) +   * C
Allium ursinum L. Amaryllidaceae UNISGVALALU   Leaves Ingredients for soups + + * P
Amelanchier ovalis Medik. Rosaceae Amarenchie Fruits Eaten raw   + * P
Angelica sylvestris L. Apiaceae UNISGVGB002 Angelica Roots Home-made liqueurs +   * C
Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. Apiaceae UNISGVALANT Chafoulhét Leaves Salads +   * P
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. Ericaceae UNISGVALARC Pan dë vouëlp Pinmerlés Fruits Jams + + * P
Arctium lappa L. Asteraceae UNISGVGB034 Grattëquioùe Very young leaves Soups   + * P
Artemisia genipi Weber ex. Stechm., A.glacialis L., A. umbelliformis Lam. Asteraceae UNISGVALAGE UNISGVALAGL UNISGVALARU Genepì Gënëpi fumél (A. umbelliformis)Gënëpi macle (A.genipi) Flowering tops Home-made liqueurs +   * C
Artemisia vulgaris L. Asteraceae UNISGVGB038 Arsemizë Eisente Ërsëmizo Leaves Seasoning soups or omelettes +   * C
Aruncus dioicus (W.)F. Rosaceae UNISGVGB040 Glaudia Shoots Boiled + + ** P
Asparagus tenuifolius Lam. Asparagaceae UNISGVALASP Aspèrge selvagge Shoots Boiled + + * P
Bellis perennis L. Asteraceae UNISGWAL007 Magritin Margaritin Leaves and flowers Salads, soups, omelettes, risotto +   * C
Berberis vulgaris L. Berberidaceae UNISGVALBER Pittou Fruits Jams + + ** P
Beta vulgaris L. Amaranthaceae Bléo Leaves Cooked +   * C
Borago officinalis L. Boraginaceae UNISGWAL013 Bouràes Bourai Burài Leaves and flowers Soups, salads, omelettes + + *** C
Campanula rapunculus L. Campanulaceae UNIGVALCAM Rampoun Leaves and roots Salads +   * C
Capsella bursa- pastoris (L.) Medik. Brassicaceae UNISGVALCAP   Young leaves Omelettes +   * P
Carlina acaulis L. Asteraceae UNISGVALCAR Chardouso Flowers Macerated in olive oil; the resulting oil used as seasoning + + * C
Carum carvi L. Apiaceae UNISGVALCAU Chiréi Cummel Fruits Seasoning, home-made liqueurs + + ** C
Centaurea scabiosa L. Asteraceae UNISGVALCEN   Young leaves Soups + + * P
Cerinthe sp. (?) Boraginaceae Anhaoù grò Leaves Boiled   + * P
Chenopodium album L. Amaranthaceae UNISGVALCHE Sënicle Leaves Soups, boiled, omelettes + + * P
Chenopodium bonus-henricus L. Amaranthaceae UNISGWAL017 Orla Parch Leaves Soups, omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Cichorium intybus L. Asteraceae UNISGVALCIC Sicorio Young leaves Roots Salads Roasted and grounds as coffee substitute + + * C P
Corylus avellana L. Betulaceae UNISGVALCOR   Seeds Consumed raw   + * P
Daucus carota L. Apiaceae UNISGVALDAU Carotto Roots Salads +   * C
Dryas octopetala L. Rosaceae UNISGVALDRY   Leaves and flowers Cosumed raw as a snack +   * P
Fragaria vesca L. Rosaceae UNISGWAL036 Maiùssa Leaves Fruits Soups, salads Jams + + ** C
Gentiana acaulis L. Gentianaceae UNISGVGB027 Braio d’cucuc Pirulet Roots, flowers Home-made liqueurs + + ** C
Gentiana lutea L. Gentianaceae UNISVALGEN Argensiana Gënsano Roots Home-made liqueurs (or wine macerates) + + *** C
Humulus lupulus L. Cannabaceae UNISGWAL015 Lüvërtin Luvertìn Shoots Omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Juniperus communis L. Cupressaceae UNISVALJUN Gënébbre Galbules Seasoning + + *** C
Lapsana communis L. Asteraceae UNISGVALLAP Jalino graso Young leaves Soups, omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae UNISGVALLAU Loriè Leaves Seasoning +   * C
Leontodon hispidus L. (?) (Asteraceae) Plissa Leaves Salads, soups +   * P
Leontopodium nivale (Ten.) Huet ex Hand.-Mazz. Asteraceae UNISGVALLEO Stela alpina Flowering tops Home-made liqueurs +   * C
Lonicera caerulea L. Caprifoliaceae UNISGVALLON Èrza d’loup Flowers Eaten raw as a snack +   * P
Malva sylvestris L. Malvaceae UNISGVAMAL Màevë Malvo Leaves Soups + + * C
Mentha longifolia (L.) L. Lamiaceae UNISGVALMEN Mëntatre Leaves Seasoning (esp. soups and omelettes) +   * P
Nasturtium officinale R.Br. Brassicaceae UNISGVALNAS Creisoun Leaves Salads + + *** C
Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae UNISGVALORI Origano Leaves Seasoning +   * C
Oxalis acetosella L. Oxalidaceae UNISGVALOXA Èrbo dâ cucuc Pan d’ûzèl Leaves Salads   + * C
Parietaria officinalis L.Urticaceae UNISGVGB007 Pan-chaoudét Leaves Soups +   * P
Pedicularis foliosa L. Orobanchaceae UNISVALPED   Flowers Sucked as a snack (by children)   + * P
Persicaria bistorta L. Polygonaceae UNISGVALPER Albubuine Arparô Ërparâ Young leaves Soups + + ** C
Pinus cembra L. Pinaceae UNISGVALPCE Èlvou Seeds Consumed raw   + ** P
Pinus sylvestris L. Pinaceae UNISGVALPSY Pin Seeds Consumed raw   + * P
Plantago major L. Plantaginaceae UNISGVGB021 Plantanh Plantònh Leaves Soups + + ** P
Physalis alkekengi L. Solanaceae UNISGWAL040 Erba chiocca Fiacch Puvron selvaj Fruits Jams +   * P
Phyteuma spicatum L. Campanulaceae UNISGWAL043 Iucca Young leaves and shoots Soups +   * P
Polypodium vulgare L. Polypodiaceae UNISGVGB003 Ërgalisio Rizouzèttë Roots Consumed raw as a snack and as a seasoning for home-made beverages + + *** C
Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae UNISGVALPOR Pouslano Young leaves (before flowering) Salads +   * P
Primula helatior (L.) Hill, P. veris L., P. vulgaris Huds. Primulaceae UNISGVALPRE UNISGVALPVEUNISGVALPVU Coucouc Pimpette Pimpinéllo Young leaves and flowers Salads, soups, omelettes + + *** C
Prunus avium (L.) L. Rosaceae UNISGVALPRA Sireizie Fruits Consumed raw or in jams   + * P
Prunus brigantina Vill. Rosaceae UNISGVALPRB Marmouti Fruits Consumed raw or in jams + + * P
Prunus spinosa L. Rosaceae UNISGVALPRS Agrenié Bousou niër Fruits Jams + + ** P
Ribes alpinum L. Grossulariaceae UNISGWAL023 Uopastrìe Fruits Consumed raw or in jams + + ** P
Ribes uva-crispa L. Grossulariaceae UNISGVALRUC Groouzèlla Fruits Consumed raw or in jams   + * P
Robinia pseudoacacia L. Fabaceae UNISGVALROB Gazhillo Flowers Deep-fried (in batter) +   * C
Rosa canina L. Rosaceae UNISGVGB018 Agoulensië Bosou Fruits Jams + + *** C
Rubus ulmifolius L. Rosaceae UNISGWAL038 Rounzo Young leaves Fruits Soups Jams +   * P
Rubus idaeus L. Rosaceae UNISGWAL037 Ampolen Ampoulie Fruits Jams, syrups + + ** C
Rumex acetosa L. Polygonaceae UNISGVGB011 Aseuccla Asuitta di pra Isìgula Situla Stems Leaves Consumed raw as a snack (stems); salads, soups, omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Rumex alpinus L. Polygonaceae Lapòs Lavasa Rabarbaro selvatico Stem Leaves Jams Soups + + ** P
Salvia pratensis L. Lamiaceae UNISGVGB033 Bounom Young leaves Soups + + ** P
Sambucus nigra L. and S. racemosa L. Adoxaceae UNISGWAL016 (S. nigra) Sèuc Seuic Flowers Fruits Deep fried (in batter) or seasoning home-made beverages Jams + + *** C
Silene vulgaris (Moench.) Garcke Caryophyllaceae UNISGVGB20 Chersinet Cresinet Eicloupèt Young leaves Soups, omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Tanacetum vulgare L. Asteraceae UNISGWAL009 Archebüse Tanaìa Tanaìo Leaves Seasoning soups (esp. a local bread-based soup [suppa barbetta]), home-made liqueurs, omelettes + + *** C
Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber Asteraceae UNISGWAL010 Girasole Mourpoursin Leaves Roots Flower heads Salads, soups Roasted and grinded as a substitute of coffee Pickled in brine and used as flavouring + + *** C
Thymus serpyllum L. Lamiaceae UNISGWAL029 Serpoul Flowers and leaves Seasoning (also for cheese and a local bread-based soup [suppa barbetta]), home-made liquors + + *** C
Tragopogon pratensis L. Asteraceae UNISGWAL011 Barbabouc Young leaves Soups, omelettes, boiled + + *** C
Trifolium spp. Fabaceae Fioun Flowers Deep fried (in batter) +   * P
Tussilago farfara L. Asteraceae UNISGVALTUS Pimpetta Ounglëtto Young leaves Salads   + * P
Urtica dioica L. Urticaceae UNISGWAL041 Urtìa Urtìo Ürtia Leaves Soups, omelettes, risotto + + *** C
Vaccinium myrtillus L. Ericaceae UNISGVALVAM Ërzaìe Èidra Fruits Jams, syrups + + *** C
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Ericaceae UNISGVALVAV Panféino Fruits Jams +   * P
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. Caprifoliaceae UNISGVALVAL Saladét Leaves Salads + + ** P
Veronica allionii Vill. Plantaginaceae UNISGVALVEA Èrbë d’tè GiaspertereTé d’mountannho Leaves and flowers Recreational tea + + * P
Veronica officinalis L. Plantaginaceae UNISGVALVEO Èrbë d’tè Tè svizzero Leaves and flowers Recreational tea +   * C
Viburnum lantana L. Adoxaceae UNISGVALVIB Tatoulie Fruits Consumed raw   + * P
Viola tricolor L. Violaceae UNISGVGB005 Violette Viooulëtìn Vioulëtto blancho Leaves and flowers Salads, soups + + ** C
Unidentified taxon Sparsi Leaves and flowers Salads, soups, omelettes +   * P
  1. (?) identification only via plant and habitat descriptions and folk names.
  2. Wal: use recorded among Waldensians; Cat: use recorded among Catholics.
  3. Notes: C: current use; P: past use.
  4. Citations: *quoted by 10% of the informants or less; **quoted by 11-39% of the informants; ***quoted by 40% of the informants or more.