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Table 3 Local veterinary plant uses recorded in the studied area

From: Isolated, but transnational: the glocal nature of Waldensian ethnobotany, Western Alps, NW Italy

Botanical taxon/family and voucher specimen code # Local name (folk taxon/generic) Status Plant part(s) Preparation and administration Folk veterinary use(s) or treated desease(s) Treated animals Wal Cat Citations Notes
Achillea erba-rotta All. Asteraceae See Table 1 W Aerial parts Infusion Rumination disorders CA + + * P
Aconitum napellus L. Ranunculaceae Èrbo toro W Whole plant Eaten fresh Abortive CA +   * P
Alcea rosea L. Malvaceae Malvone C Aerial parts Infusion Rumination disorders CA +   * P
Artemisia absinthium L. See Table 2 W Aerial parts Fodder or in infusions Rumination disorders CA, RA + + ** P
Avena sativa L. Poaceae Avéno C Aerial parts Fodder (fresh) Post-partum depurative CA   + * P
Calendula officinalis L. Asteraceae Courtëzio C Flowers Infusion To facilitate pregnancy CA +   * P
Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. Parmeliaceae See Table 2 W Thallus Decoction Stomach disorders CA +   * P
Equisetum arvense L. Equisetaceae See Table 2 W Aerial parts Foothbath Infections of the paws SH   + * P
Euphorbia cyparissias L. Euphorbiaceae UNISGVGB009 Laitin gró’d mialàourë W Fruits Fodder (dried) Infections (esp. in the oral cavity) CA, PO, SH   + * P
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. Polygonaceae Granét C Aerial parts Dried Fodder CA, PO, PI +   * P
Festuca ovina L. Poaceae Grasoun W Aerial parts Dried Fodder CA +   * P
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Apiaceae UNISGVGB012 Fënoulh W Aerial parts Fodder (fresh) Galactagogue CA +   * P
Fraxinus excelsior L. Oleaceae See Table 2 W Leaves Fresh Fodder CA +   * P
Galium verum L. Rubiaceae UNISGVALGAL Caglio W Flowering tops Dried As rennet   +   * P
Gentiana lutea L. See Table 1 W Roots Decoction Rumination disorders CA, SH +   * P
Gentianaceae
Heracleum sphondylium L. Apiaceae Plaoutasino W Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder PO, RA +   * P
Juniperus communis L. Cupressaceae See Table 1 W Fruits Fodder To improve the skin health (making it shiny) CA +   * P
Laburnum alpinum (Mill.) Bercht. & J.Presl. Fabaceae UNISGVGB037 Albuorn W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder RA +   * P
Lamium album L. Lamiaceae See Table 2 W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder PI, PO, RA +   * P
Larix decidua Mill. Pinaceae See Table 2 W Resin Topically applied Bruises, sprains, wounds CA + + * C
Linum usitatissimum L. Linaceae See Table 2 C Seeds Fodder “Blood cleansing” CA   + * P
Malva sylvestris L. Malvaceae See Table 2 W Whole plant Decoction Depurative during the menstrual cycle CA +   * P
Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae See Table 2 W Whole plant Infusion Rumination disorders CA +   * P
Matricaria chamomilla L. Asteraceae See Table 2 C Flowers Infusion Rumination disorders CA (calves) +   * P
Medicago sativa L. Fabaceae Luzèrno W Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder CA + + ** C
Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. Fabaceae Jalét W Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder CA   + * P
Ononis spinosa L. Fabaceae See Table 2 W Roots Decoction Depurative during the menstrual cycle CA +   * P
Oxalis acetosella L. Oxalidaceae See Table 1 W Leaves Eaten fresh or dry Fodder PO, RA +   * P
Parietaria officinalis L. Urticaceae See Table 1 C Aerial parts Fresh Fodder PO +   * C
Pilosella officinarum Vaill. Asteraceae UNISGVGB013 Èrbo dâ runh W Whole plant Fodder Rumination disorders CA +   * P
Plantago major L., P. lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae See Table 2 W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder PI +   * P
Polyporus officinalis Fries. Poliporaceae Panouflo W Fruiting body Fodder (ground) Rumination disorders CA + + ** P
Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. Fagaceae Roure W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder GO +   * P
Secale cereale L. Poaceae Sèel C Seeds→Flour Fodder Galactagogue CA + + * P
Sedum album L. Crassulaceae Picouloump W Leaves Fresh Fodder PO +   * P
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Caryophyllaceae UNISGVGB020 Eicloupèt W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder PO, RA +   * P
Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Caryophyllaceae Pavarino W Leaves Fresh Fodder PO +   * P
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn Asteraceae Pugn W Roots Decoction Depurative during the menstrual cycle CA +   * P
Tanacetum vulgare L. Asteraceae See Table 1 W Aerial parts Infusion Rumination disorders CA   + * P
Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Asteraceae See Table 1 W Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder PO +   * P
Thymus serpyllum L. Lamiaceae See Table 1 W Aerial parts Topically applied in the mouth Rumination disorders, infections of the oral cavity CA, SH + + * P
Trifolium alpinum L. Fabaceae Fioun W Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder CA   + * P
Triticum vulgare Vill. Poaceae Froumént C Aerial parts Fresh or dried Fodder CA + + * P
Ulmus glabra Huds. Ulmaceae UNISGVALULM Oùëlme W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder PI +   * P
Urtica dioica L. Urticaceae See Table 1 W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder PO +   * P
Verbascum thapsus L. Scrophulariaceae See Table 2 W Leaves Fresh or dried Fodder SH   + * P
Viola tricolor L. Violaceae See Table 1 W Flowers Infusion Rumination disorders CA +   * P
  1. #: see Table 1 and Table 2 for other voucher codes.
  2. Status: C: cultivated; SC: semi-cultivated or semi-wild; W: wild.
  3. Treated animals: CA: cattle; GO: goats; PI: pigs; PO: poultry; RA: rabbits; SH: sheep.
  4. Wal: use recorded among Waldensians; Cat: use recorded among Catholics.
  5. Notes: C: current use; P: past use.
  6. Citations: *quoted by 10% of the informants or less; **quoted by 11% of the informants or more.