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Table 1 Inventory of medicinal dietary plants used by the Naxi in Lijiang area, Northwest Yunnan, China (Ranked alphabetically, Ethnotaxically organized)

From: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal dietary plants used by the Naxi People in Lijiang Area, Northwest Yunnan, China

Local name Family Scientific name of original plant Medicinal dietary function Diet type Preparation Part used Habitat Voucher specimen code
Zhuzishen Campanulaceae Codonopsis convolvulacea subsp. forrestii (Diels) D. Y. Hong ex L. M. Ma Treat eye disease Medicinal diet Stewed with meat; steamed with egg Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0005
Shanyao Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex Griseb.; Dioscorea delavayi Franch.; Dioscorea hemsleyi Prain ex Burkill; Dioscorea sp. Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying Vegetable, Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Semi-domesticated ZY-0021, ZY-0022, ZY-0023, ZY-0024
Yekuai Malvaceae Malva verticillata L. Postpartum blood stasis Medicinal diet Soup made with egg Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0001
Xuelianhua Compositae Saussurea leucoma Diels Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying Medicinal diet Soaked in boiling water Whole plant Wild-gathered ZLL-0010
Xuecha Icmadophilaceae Thamnolia vermicularis (Sw.) Ach.ex Schae; Thamnolia subuliformis (Ehrh.) W. L. Culb Treat cold, Clean away heat, detoxification Generation tea Soaked in boiling water Whole plant Wild-gathered ZLL-0079, ZLL-0080
Xiaohongshen Rubiaceae Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb. Alleviate backache,bruises Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZY-0035
Xiangyashen Zingiberaceae Roscoea tibetica Batalin; Roscoea yunnanensis Loes.; Roscoea cautleoides Gagnep. Kidney deficiency Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZY-0121, ZY-0122, ZY-0123
Xiangru Labiatae Origanum vulgare L. Treat cold Spices Boil water Aerial part Wild-gathered GYF-0061
Wuweizi Magnoliaceae Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. Alleviate fatigue,treat insomnia Fruit, medicinal diet Infused with alcohol Fruit Wild-gathered ZLL-0027
Tiaoshen Compositae Stebbinsia umbrella (Franch.) Lipsch. Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0107
Songhuafen Pinaceae Pinus armandii Franch. Moistening lung, Anti-tussive Medicinal diet Mixed with honey or brown sugar Pollen Wild-gathered ZLL-0060
Songzi Pinaceae Pinus yunnanensis Franch. Moistening lung, Anti-tussive Nut Dried Kernel Wild-gathered ZY-0074
Songluo Parmeliaceae Usnea longissina Ach. Moistening lung, Anti-tussive Generation tea Soaked in boiling water Whole plant Wild-gathered GYF-0082
Songjisheng Loranthaceae Arceuthobium pini Hawksworth et Wiens Treat insomnia Generation tea Soaked in boiling water Leaf Wild-gathered ZLL-0105
Shanzha Rosaceae Crataegus scabrifolia (Franch.) Rehd.; Crataegus chungtienensis W. W. Smith Appetizing,diuresis Fruit, Candied fruit Soaked in boiling water,mixed with honey Fruit Semi-domesticated ZLL-0016, ZLL-0017
Shanjinzi Rosaceae Malus rockii Rehd. Appetizing,diuresis Fruit, Candied fruit Soaked in boiling water,mixed with honey Fruit Semi-domesticated ZLL-0132
Qinciguo Rosaceae Prinsepia utilis Royle Postpartum weakness, Tonifying, Oil Extracted oil Kernel Semi-domesticated ZLL-0075
Pugong Ying Compositae Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. Clean away heat, detoxification Vegetable Made into soup Aerial part Wild-gathered ZY-0002
Niubang Compositae Arctium lappa L. Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZY-0007
Mugua Rosaceae Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai Anti–rheumatism Fruit, seasoning Stewed with fish Fruit Wild-gathered ZLL-0013
Muer Auriculariaceae Auricularia auricula (L. ex Hook.) Underw Gut purge Vegetable Cold dish Whole plant Wild-gathered ZLL-0028
Mianshen Labiatae Eriophyton wallichii Benth. Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0065
Manjing Cruciferae Brassica rapa L. Appetizing Grain, vegetable Raw, boiled Root Domesticated ZLL-0045
Luobo Cruciferae Raphanus sativus L. Appetizing Vegetable Raw, boiled Root Domesticated ZLL-0069
Longdancao Gentianaceae Gentiana rigescens Franch. ex Hemsl.; Gentiana szechenyii Kanitz; Gentiana cephalantha Franch. ex Hemsl. Kidney deficiency Ferment Boiled in water Aerial part Wild-gathered ZY-0094, ZY-0095, ZY-0096
Juehuashen Compositae Hippolytia delavayi (Franch. ex W. W. Smith) Shih Alleviate fatigue, Tonifying, moistening lung, Anti-tussive Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZY-0039
Jiucai Liliaceae Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng. Calm nerves Vegetable Cooked with goat liver Leaf Domesticated ZLL-0032
Jicai Cruciferae Capsella bursa-pastoris (Linn.) Medik. Clean away heat, detoxification Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZY-0054
Daji Compositae Cirsium griseum Levl.; Cirsium lidjiangense Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Cirsium chlorolepis Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Cirsium eriophoroides (Hook.f.) Petrak Tonifying Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0041, ZLL-0042, ZLL-0043, ZLL-0044
Huixiang Umbelliferae Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Alleviate fatigue,alleviate backache Vegetable, seasoning Steamed with egg Tender stem Cultivated GYF-0108
Huitiaocai Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L. Treat constipation Vegetable Made into soup Tender stem Wild-gathered ZLL-0128
Huangjing Liliaceae Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle Anti–rheumatism, promoting lactation, Medicinal diet Brewed Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0078
Huajiao Rutaceae Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Anti-rheumatism, treat belly ache Seasoning Soaked in boiling water Fruit Semi-domesticated ZLL-0056
Heicaowu Ranunculaceae Aconitum stapfianum Hand.-Mazz. Anti-rheumatism, treat stomachache, belly ache Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0067
Elancai Cruciferae Thlaspi arvense L. Diuresis Vegetable Made into soup Aerial part Wild-gathered ZLL-0029
Dujuanhua Ericaceae Rhododendron yunnanense Franch; Rhododendron hippophaeoides Balf. f. et W. W. Smith Gut purge Snacks, vegetable Cold dish Petal Wild-gathered ZY-0037, ZY-0038
Chuanxiong Umbelliferae Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. Alleviate backache Vegetable Steamed with egg Tender stem Cultivated ZLL-0104
Chonglian Rosaceae Sanguisorba filiformis (Hook. f.) Hand.-Mazz. Kidney deficiency Medicinal diet Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0097
Chongcao Clavicipitaceae Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Treat eye disease Medicinal diet Stewed with meat, steamed with egg,infused with alcohol Whole plant Wild-gathered ZLL-0077
Cheqiancao Plantaginaceae Plantago depressa Willd. Alleviate fatigue,diuresis Vegetable Stewed with meat Root Wild-gathered ZLL-0116
Baihe Liliaceae Lilium lankongense Franch.; Lilium lancifolium Thunb. Moistening lung, Anti-tussive Vegetable Stewed with meat Bulb Wild-gathered GYF-0102, GYF-0103