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Table 1 The diseases cited are reported with their Hassaniya name in order of their frequency of mention, along with their western veterinary counterpart (when identified) or a short description of the disease, and the Smith’s index of salience

From: Ethnoveterinary of Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara: camel diseases and remedies

Disease Diagnostic hypothesis Frequency (%) Smith’s salience index
Jrab a Sarcoptic mange 38 (82.6) 0.836
Legrad a Dermatomycosis 34 (73.9) 0.595
Mhaz a Respiratory infections 30 (65.2) 0.482
Liren a Mastitis 26 (56.5) 0.366
Buguashish ‘Kraff’ disease 23 (50) 0.399
Rmah Crazyness (rabies, intoxications) 21 (45.6) 0.241
Jidril Camelpox, contagious ecthyma 21 (45.6) 0.232
Tukma Indigestion, alimentary diarrhoea 19 (41.3) 0.205
Gargar Anthrax, clostridiosis 16 (34.8) 0.212
Mindi Nutritional deficits, goitre 15 (32.6) 0.216
Aulisis Salmonellosis 14 (30.4) 0.203
Ghtaan Overwork syndrome 12 (26) 0.089
Ghesh, homzi Internal parasites, colics 11 (23.9) 0.111
Gushneda Abscesses, purulent lymphadenitis 9 (19.5) 0.075
Sahrba Colostrum diarrhoea 9 (19.5) 0.053
Zoran Salt deficits 9 (19.5) 0.119
Bougueghir Edematous tumefaction, lymphadenitis 8 (17.4) 0.05
Shedad Granuloma, organized abscess 8 (17.4) 0.06
El Haibe Intestinal abscesses with pus infection 7 (15.2) 0.064
Duda Caterpillar-borne abortion syndrome 7 (15.2) 0.053
Larvar Cherato conjuntivitis, cornea opacity 6 (13) 0.068
Tfadal Uterine prolapse 5 (10.8) 0.034
Shdan Diffuse dermatomycosis 5 (10.8) 0.09
Gushbeida Hypersalivation from ‘acid’ plants 4 (8.7) 0.041
Dhbeb Trypanosomiasis 4 (8.7) 0.025
El Helme Tick infestation 4 (8.7) 0.055
Dhegbil Calves arthritis 4 (8.7) 0.025
Sherghe ‘Chocking’ syndrome 3 (6.5) 0.029
Dharra Abscess under the toe 3 (6.5) 0.035
Tinket Limp from trauma 3 (6.5) 0.027
Maarguba Muscolar contraction, tendinitis 3 (6.5) 0.013
Borues Head oedema/inflammation 3 (6.5) 0.02
Tetrah Infected mastitis 3 (6.5) 0.035
Tergan Indigestion from argan seeds 2 (4.3) 0.012
Kirkle Chest-pad infections 2 (4.3) 0.01
Burgheiba Wry neck syndrome 1 (2.2) 0.018
Meshmusa Sunstroke 1 (2.2) 0.002
Tabal Dystocia 1 (2.2) 0.004
Telhad Tumoral degeneration of the hump 1 (2.2) 0.006
Nthep Dislocation of rear legs’ articulations 1 (2.2) 0.001
Legma Flea infestation 1 (2.2) 0.007
Trakbin Knee inflammation 1 (2.2) 0.013
  1. a disease included in the cultural consensus model