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Table 5 Medicinal plants used to treat six most frequent diseases in Ambalabe rural community, Madagascar

From: Medicinal plants used to treat the most frequent diseases encountered in Ambalabe rural community, Eastern Madagascar

Family Scientific name Local name Diseases treated Part used Preparation Administration Number of citations FL Voucher
Anacardiaceae Sorindeia madagascariensis DC. Voasirindrina Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 3 27 RA 1334
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 9  
Annonaceae Annona muricata L. Voatsokina, goronoa Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50 CR 4242
Aphloiaceae Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn. Fandramanana Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 17 RA 1335
Apiaceae Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Talapetraka Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 RNH 545
Apocynaceae Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Arivotaombelona Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 7 100 RKN 503, 504
  Petchia erythrocarpa (Vatke) Leeuwenb. Hintona Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 6 33 RKN 453
     Bark Infusion Oral    
Arecaceae Cocos nucifera L. Coco Diarrhea Leaves Infusion Oral 1 50 Gunn 643
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50  
  Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl. Rafia Diarrhea Fruit Decoction Oral 4 100  
Asteraceae Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob. Ramitsiry Stomach-ache Whole plant Decoction Oral 2 100 AP 4968
  Elephantopus scaber L. Angadoha Diarrhea Leaves Crush and heat Oral 1 14  
    Stomach-ache Leaves Heat and press Oral 2 29  
  Emilia citrina DC. Tsihontsihona Malaria Whole plant Decoction Oral 2 22 RKN 448
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 2 22  
  Helianthus annuus L. Tanatanamasoandro Malaria Leaves Infusion, decoction Oral 3 38  
  Helichrysum flagellare Baker Ahidroranga Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 2 11 RKN 548
  Psiadia altissima (DC.) Drake Dingadingana Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 8 FRB 194
Burseraceae Canarium L. Ramy Diarrhea Bark Decoction Oral 4 100 RZA 1186
Clusiaceae Garcinia chapelieri (Planch. & Triana) H. Perrier Takasina Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 RKN 473
  Symphonia fasciculata (Noronha ex Thouars) Vesque Kijy Diarrhea Bark Decoction Oral 1 100 RAB 66
Combretaceae Combretum Loefl. Vahinaletra Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 RA 1323
Connaraceae Cnestis polyphylla Lam. Sefana Diarrhea Stem Decoction Oral 1 100 RKN 511
Crassulaceae Kalanchoe prolifera (Bowie ex Hook.) Raym.-Hamet Sodifafana Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 4 31 RKN 512
    Cough Leaves Heat and press Oral 7 54  
Cucurbitaceae Momordica charantia L. Margôzy Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 2 67 RZK 3096
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 2 67  
Cucurbitaceae Unidentified Voatangolehy Bilharzia Leaves Heat and press Oral 1 100  
Cunoniaceae Weinmannia bojeriana Tul. Sokia Dysentery Bark Decoction Oral 1 100 RZA 533
Euphorbiaceae Macaranga obovata Boivin ex Baill. Mankaranana Diarrhea Bark Decoction Oral 3 100 RA 1051
  Manihot esculenta Crantz Mangahazo Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 4 80  
Fabaceae Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw. Fanombo tintina Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 5 83 RKN 523
  Dalbergia monticola Bosser & R. Rabev. Hitsika Bilharzia Wood-heart Decoction Oral 1 100 Perrier 4830
  . Desmodium ramosissimum G. Don Tsilavondrivotra Diarrhea Leaves Heat and Oral 3 60 RKN 516
    Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 1 20  
  Entada gigas (L.) Fawc. & Rendle Vahinkarabo Diarrhea Leaves, stem Decoction Oral 2 13 MAR 13
  Senna alata (L.) Roxb. 4 épingles Bilharzia Leaves Decoction Oral 2 100 RKN 490
Gentianaceae Exacum quinquenervium Griseb. Mamoahely Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 ROR 842
  Ornichia madagascariensis (Baker) Klack. Aferotaniala Malaria Whole plant Decoction Oral 1 100 RKN 496
Gleicheniaceae Sticherus flagellaris (Bory ex Willd.) Ching Rangontohitra Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 RZK 6632
Hypericaceae Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir. Harongana Diarrhea Bark, leaves Decoction Oral 6 27 RA 1325
Lamiaceae Plectranthus perrieri Hedge Amparimaso Diarrhea Leaves Heat and press Oral 1 100 Descoings 3703
Lygodiaceae Lygodium lanceolatum Desv. Famalotrakanga Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 17 RKN 446
Melastomataceae Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don Sompatra Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 4 22 RKN 513
    Malaria Leaves Decoction Inhalation, oral 1 6  
    Stomach-ache Roots Decoction Oral 1 6  
  Dichaetanthera oblongifolia Baker Tsitrotroka Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100 RA 1339
Meliaceae Melia azedarach L. Voandelaka Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 2 11 RKN 447
Molluginaceae Mollugo nudicaulis Lam. Aferotany Malaria Whole plant Decoction Oral 19 66 RKN 485
    Stomach-ache Whole plant Infusion Oral 1 3  
Moraceae Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Ampalibe Diarrhea Leaves Crush Oral 4 100 LRZ 1838
  Ficus polita Vahl Mandresy Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 7 RKN 449
  Ficus reflexa Thunb. Nonoka madinika Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 1 25 RKN 455
  Streblus dimepate (Bureau) C.C. Berg Manasavelona Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 17 RKN 552
Musaceae Musa paradisiaca L. Akondro Diarrhea Fruit Paste Oral 3 100  
     Inflorescence Decoction Oral    
     Resin   Oral    
    Dysentery Inflorescence Heat and press Oral 1 33  
Myristicaceae Mauloutchia humblotii (H. Perrier) Capuron Ilon-draharaha Cough Seeds Oil Topical 1 20 RA 972
Myrtaceae Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. Kininina Malaria Young leaves Decoction Oral 1 50  
    Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50  
  Psidium cattleyanum Sabine Gavo tsinahy Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 3 100 Gentry 11251
  Psidium guajava L. Gavo, gavombazaha, gavobe Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 6 35 RCS 456
    Dysentery Bark Decoction Oral 1 6  
  Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry Makoba Diarrhea Roots Decoction Oral 1 100 D'Arcy 15233
Orchidaceae Aerangis hyaloides (Rchb. f.) Schltr. Tsiakondroakondro Cough Leaves Heat and press Oral 1 100 AP 7155
Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Takasintany Cough Whole plant Decoction Oral 3 100 AP 5034
     Whole plant Heat and press Oral    
Pandanaceae Pandanus sp. Parkinson Manasa ala Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100  
Passifloraceae Passiflora edulis Sims Garana madinika Diarrhea Leaves Crush and press Oral 2 50 RKN 456
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus nummulariifolius Poir. Mandrihariva Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 33 RKN 542
Piperaceae Piper borbonense (Miq.) C. DC. Tsimahalatsaka, voantsiperifery Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 33 RA 941
Pittosporaceae Pittosporum ochrosiifolium Bojer Hazombary, maimbovitsika Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 2 50 RA 1322
Poaceae Oryza sativa L. Vary Dysentery Seeds Cook and filter Oral 1 17  
  Zea mays L. Tsakotsako Stomach-ache Stem Decoction Oral 1 100  
Primulaceae Maesa lanceolata Forssk. Radoka Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 2 100 RKN 500
Pteridaceae Pteris cf. cretica L. Ravimbolo Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 5 RKN 458
Pteridophyta Unidentified Ahitrimpa Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 1 100  
Rhamnaceae Gouania tiliifolia Lam. Ranovavanaomby Cough Leaves Crush Oral 1 6 RKN 499
Rosaceae Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Pibasy Cough Leaves Decoction Oral 2 50 Croat 32156
  Rubus moluccanus L. Takoaka Diarrhea Leaves Crush, decoction Oral 6 60 REH 720
    Dysentery Leaves Decoction Oral 1 10  
  Rubus rosifolius Sm. Voandroy Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 33 PPL 6592
Rubiaceae Breonia decaryana Homolle Molompangady Bilharzia Bark and leaves Decoction Oral 1 20 RZA 158
  Danais terminalis Boivin ex Drake Vahinofokorana Diarrhea Roots Decoction Oral 3 100 RKN 680
  Paederia thouarsiana Baill. Vahivola, vahimantsina Stomach-ache Branch, leaves Decoction Oral 10 77 RA 1349
Rutaceae Citrus aurantium L. Voahangy ala Stomach-ache Young leaves Decoction Oral 1 33 AP 5569
  Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. Voahangitsoha Cough Fruit Juice Oral 3 100  
     Leaves Decoction Oral    
  Citrus reticulata Blanco Mandarinina Bilharzia Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50  
  Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. Anakasimba Malaria Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50 RA 1329
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 1 50  
Sapindaceae Litchi chinensis Sonn. Letisia Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 8 67  
    Dysentery Bark Decoction Oral 2 17  
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 2 17  
Sarcolaenaceae Schizolaena Thouars Kikazana Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 2 67  
Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. Pilopilo Stomach-ache Fruit Crush Oral 1 33 ALJ 1183
  Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Voatabia Diarrhea Leaves Heat and press Oral 1 100  
  Solanum mauritianum Scop. Bakobako Diarrhea Leaves Crush and press Oral 2 40 Schlieben 8097
Strelitziaceae Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn. Fontsy Stomach-ache Young leaves Decoction Oral 2 67 CR 5205
Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Radriaka Diarrhea Leaves Decoction Oral 1 7 GES 1601
    Stomach-ache Leaves Decoction Oral 3 21  
Zingiberaceae Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K. Schum. Lingoza Cough Fruit Decoction Oral 1 25 GES 1624
  Curcuma longa L. Tamotamo Stomach-ache Tuber Decoction Oral 2 40 Geay 8277
  Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm. Sakarivondambo Bilharzia Tuber Decoction Oral 4 40 RKN 443