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Table 1 Climatic, phytogeographical and social features of the study populations [37, 38]

From: Current use of wild plants with edible underground storage organs in a rural population of Patagonia: between tradition and change

  Rural villages
  Cuyín Manzano Villa Llanquín Nahuel Pan
Annual average temperature (°C) 7.4 8 8
Annual average rainfall (mma) 600 500 400
Phytogeographical environmental Ecotone between Andean Patagonian Forest and Subantarctic Steppe Steppe - Andean Patagonian Forest fragments Patagonian Steppe, Andean Patagonian Forest (in the west)
Dominant plant communities Forest (Nothofagus pumilio, Austrocedrus chilensis, Maytenus boaria, Lomatia hirsuta) herbaceous and shrub steppe (Stipa spp; Mulinum spinosum and Senecio spp.) Herbaceous and shrub steppe (Stipa spp; Mulinum spinosum and Senecio spp., Nassauvia spp.) and Forest fragments of Austrocedrus chilensis, Maytenus boaria, Lomatia hirsuta. Herbaceous and shrub steppe (Poa, Stipa and Festuca; Mulinum spinosum, Nassauvia spp., Berberis heterophylla, Adesmia campestris, Nardophyllum obtusifolium, Azorella monantha, Senecio filaginoides, Corynabutilum bicolor and Schinus roigii), Forest of Nothofagus pumilio and N. Antartica
Population 50 people 113 people 60 people
Institutions Primary school, Health care service, Police, Local Council, Park Ranger Primary school, Health care service, Police, Local Council Primary school, Train station
Economic activities Tourism, Big game hunting, public and private employment, extensive livestock breeding. Extensive livestock breeding horticultural production, tourism, public employment. Extensive livestock breeding, tourism.