Skip to main content

Table 1 Plants reported as medicinally used in 4 study areas in East Sepik Province

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea

Voucher Plant IDReferences Family Local Name Ailment AilmentCode PartCode PrepCode RouteCode
MS 02/04 Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik [3239] Malvaceae Wasniat Uterine contraction REP L D O
GW 05/04 Acalypha grandis Benth [33, 40] Euphorbiaceae Unknown Antidote to poisoning (Chemical or acid) POIS L S O
DK 16/05 Acalypha sp. [7, 3335, 3949] Euphorbiaceae Mikirme Malaria MAL L D O
GW 88/04 Acalypha sp. [7, 3335, 3949] Euphorbiaceae Winghongong Cough, shortness of breath RESP Sap S O
BK 057/06 Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg [42, 44, 45, 4749] Euphorbiaceae Polembieri Cough, shortness of Breath RESP L D O
DK 38/05 Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L [8] Asteraceae Mungrimb Sore SKIN L R T
GW 56/04 Aglaia sp. [33, 50, 51] Meliaceae Waniembri Fevers, malaria FEV/MAL L B I
GW 09/04 Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth [34] Fabaceae He’re Malaria, pneumonia, asthma MAL/RESP B S I & O
BK 058/06 Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr [34, 52] Mimosaceae Yundimi Induce sleep PSYCH L D T
DK 08/05 Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch [8, 42, 51, 53] Sapindaceae Haim Scabies SKIN B C O
GW 50/04 Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch [8, 42, 51, 53] Sapindaceae Wah Skin pox, cough SKIN/RESP L D T | O
DK 37/05 Alocasia cucullata (Lour.) G. Don Araceae Waken Boil SKIN Root R T
MS 07/04 Alocasia sp. [8, 3335, 43, 50, 51] Araceae Waiyat Abortion REP L S O
GW 27/04 Alphitonia incana (Roxb.) Teijsm. & Binn. ex Kurz [3335, 43, 54] Rhamnaceae Hushu Scabies SKIN B S T
GW 24/04 Alpinia sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 42, 43, 5557] Zingiberaceae Wambelekie Cancer (mouth), hypertension CANC/CV R D O
MS 03/04 Alpinia sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 42, 43, 5557] Zingiberaceae Kasai Cough RESP yShoot S O
MS 41/04 Alpinia sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 42, 43, 5557] Zingiberaceae Sinup Fever, headache, body ache FEV/HEAD/PAIN/SWELL yShoot S O
MS 68/04 Alpinia sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 42, 43, 5557] Zingiberaceae Kasai Antidepressant PSYCH L & yShoot S O
BK 022/06 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br [79, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 4649, 5153, 5764] Apocynaceae Kam-bh Malaria, diarrhoea, asthma, sores MAL/GAST/RESP/SKIN L |Sap | Sap D | D | S O
DK 25/05 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br [79, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 4649, 5153, 5764] Apocynaceae Chimb Scabies SKIN B C O
GW 16/04 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br [79, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 4649, 5153, 5764] Apocynaceae Hembe Fever, malaria, cough, diarrhoea FEV/MAL/RESP/GAST Sap S O
MS 04/04 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br [79, 34, 39, 40, 42, 43, 4649, 5153, 5764] Apocynaceae Kaisabok Fever, headache FEV/HEAD B D O
BK 034/06 Amomum aculeatum Roxb [39, 42, 53, 58, 65] Zingiberaceae Takkwa hamba Asthma, scabies RESP/SKIN Stem C O & T
DK 19/05 Amomum aculeatum Roxb [39, 42, 53, 58, 65] Zingiberaceae Guinj Nikir Fever FEV Whole V I
DK 53/05 Angiopteris evecta (G. Forst.) Hoffm [8, 56] Marattiaceae Yarchapa Shortness of breath RESP Shoot & Root S O
MS 01/04 Archidendron sp. [8, 66] Fabaceae Niar Diarrhoea, asthma, fever, headache HEAD/FEV/GAST B D O
DK 02/05 Areca catechu L [8, 34, 37, 39, 42, 43, 51, 67, 68] Arecaceae Maimb Abdominal ache, whitespots GAST/SKIN Shoot | Nut R | R T | O
MS 10/04 Aristolochia sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 48, 56, 59, 61, 63] Aristolochiaceae Mutamuth Epigastric pain GAST L R T
MS 73/04 Aristolochia sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 48, 56, 59, 61, 63] Aristolochiaceae War sapiau Blocked nose, flu, cough RESP L R I
MS 23/04 Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A. Zorn) Fosberg [8, 34, 43, 50, 61] Moraceae Kaikning Hemorrhage WOUND Sap R O
GW 79/04 Asclepias sp. Apocynaceae Huaraloho Enlarged spleen ORG Root S O
DK 21/05 Asplenium nidus L [8, 53] Aspleniaceae Yimangir Infant back ache CHILD L R T
BK 039/06 Averrhoa carambola L. Oxalidaceae Macosembi Aasthma, sore,fresh cut RESP/SKIN/WOUND Fruit R | R O | T
DK 01/05 Averrhoa carambola L. Oxalidaceae Waskapui Cough RESP Fruit D O
MS 27/04 Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz [38, 39, 42, 46, 51, 59, 64] Lecythidaceae Wut Antipsychotic PSYCH B D O
GW 40/04 Bidens pilosa L. [7, 9, 32, 3436, 39, 42, 43, 50, 57, 60] Asteraceae Miniesihaik Eye infections, bleeding INF/WOUND Root S T
DK 11/05 Bixa orellana L [7, 35, 42, 43, 50, 53] Bixaceae Noksinu Grille SKIN Seed S T
MS 53/04 Breynia sp. [7, 33, 34, 39, 42, 43, 50, 53, 58, 68, 69] Phyllanthaceae Smallak Sore gums DENT yShoot S T
MS 61/04 Breynia sp. [7, 33, 34, 39, 42, 43, 50, 53, 58, 68, 69] Phyllanthaceae Murpopau Fever, joint pain, headache (severe) FEV/PAIN/HEAD B S O
GW 21/04 Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken [7, 42, 51, 67] Crassulaceae Golip Strong cough RESP L D O
MS 21/04 Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken [7, 42, 51, 67] Crassulaceae Mitultul Ulcer SKIN L H T
BK 006/06 Calamus sp. [8, 33, 35, 43, 53, 57] Arecaceae Bal Fever, headache, malaria, cough, malnutrition FEV/HEAD/MAL/NUT Sap S O
BK 051/06 Calamus sp. [8, 33, 35, 43, 53, 70] Arecaceae Gwalkipi Dehydration NUT Sap S O
GW 92/04 Calamus sp. [8, 33, 35, 43, 53, 64] Arecaceae Peli General cleansing MAINT Sap S O
MS 38/04 Calamus sp. [8, 33, 35, 43, 53, 64] Arecaceae War huk Asthma RESP Sap S O
MS 85/04 Callicarpa longifolia Lam [34, 51] Verbenaceae Yeaik Sore in baby’s mouth CHILD B MS T
MS 20/04 Calophyllum inophyllum L. [34, 39, 42, 43, 61, 67] Guttiferae Sabour Toothache DENT B D O
MS 32/04 Calotropis gigantea (L.) (L.) Dryand [51] Apocynaceae Sasus Fever, headache FEV/HEAD L V I
DK 56/05 Campnosperma brevipetiolatum Volkens [71] Anacardiaceae Gwart Ulcer SKIN Sap S T
BK 010/06 Campnosperma sp. Anacardiaceae Biakuar Sores, scabies, fresh cut, wound, hair and skin (as oil), removal of spear in skin WOUND/SKIN B S T
MS 39/04 Canarium sp. [34, 42, 43, 50, 57, 70] Burseraceae Klakul Emetic GAST B S O
MS 64/04 Canarium sp. [34, 42, 43, 50, 57, 70] Burseraceae Yamuok Ulcer SKIN Sap S T
DK 15/05 Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Seraimbsik Malaria MAL Fruit & Seed C O
DK 34/05 Carica papaya L [42, 43, 46, 47, 59, 64, 68] Caricaceae Pous Malaria MAL Root D O
DK 26/05 Caryota mitis Lour. Arecaceae Tosh Shortness of Breath RESP Succus S O
MS 69/04 Caryota rumphiana Mart. [39, 53] Arecaceae Yamoun Toothache DENT yShoot M O
BK 028/06 Cascabela thevetia (L.) Lippold [51] Apocynaceae Lai Sores SKIN L & Seed S T
BK 044/06 Cassia alata L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 46, 49, 52, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69] Fabaceae Yundilipgi Grille and white spot SKIN L R T
DK 43/05 Cassia alata L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 46, 49, 52, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69] Fabaceae Apkuaiamboi Grille SKIN L H | R T
GW 01/04 Cassia alata L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 46, 49, 52, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69] Fabaceae Kenjimbi Fungal infections, tinea, (white spot, grille INF/SKIN L H | R T
MS 74/04 Cassia alata L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 46, 49, 52, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69] Fabaceae Piaktie Ggrille SKIN L H T
GW 71/04 Cassia sp. Fabaceae Pipi Female infertility REP Root D O
MS 28/04 Casuarina equisetifolia L [33, 34, 3840, 42, 43, 46, 58, 72] Casuarinaceae Kaiklee Scabies, skin pox, small sores SKIN B D T
MS 19/04 Cenchrus sp. Gramineae Warawara Cough RESP Stem M O
GW 94/04 Cenchrus sp. Gramineae Mitate Enlarged spleen ORG L D O
GW 12/04 Cerbera floribunda K. Schum [51] Apocynaceae Yaung Malaria, pneumonia MAL/RESP B D O
DK 20/05 Cheilocostus speciosus (J. König) C. Specht [8, 34, 42, 47, 56] Costaceae Yangir Shortness of Breath RESP Succus S O
BK 008/06 Christia sp. Fabaceae Banjip Diarrhoea, scabies, sores on the head like scabies GAST/SKIN L D | R O | T
MS 50/04 Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz). Trin Poaceae Knarbru Swollen bodies, legs, arms SWELL Whole D T
DK 54/05 Cinnamonum sp. Lauraceae Metamboi Headache HEAD B MS T
GW 59/04 Cissus sp. [33, 34, 43, 53, 59, 62] Vitaceae Lenghasa Stomach ache, diarrhoea GAST Sap S O
BK 049/06 Clematis sp. [8, 33, 34, 37, 39, 42, 43, 51, 53, 59, 6567, 69] Ranunculaceae Gwawingga Nasal congestion, running nose RESP L V I
GW 87/04 Clerodendrum sp. [8, 37, 38, 62] Labiatae Hambaihile Snake bite BITE Sap S O
GW 91/04 Clitoria ternatea L. Fabaceae Pohuk Determine female sex for baby, infertility REP Fruit C O
MS 78/04 Cocos nucifera L [7, 8, 34, 3739, 43, 56, 59, 61, 67, 68] Arecaceae Niumour Bleeding from cuts WOUND Fruit H T
BK 047/06 Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Rumph. ex A. Juss [8, 34, 35, 39, 42, 43, 48, 56, 58, 61, 62, 66, 73] Euphorbiaceae Diripmi Ulcer SKIN Sap S T
MS 37/04 Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Rumph. ex A. Juss [8, 34, 35, 39, 42, 43, 48, 56, 58, 61, 62, 66, 73] Euphorbiaceae Waeke Ssores around the mouth area SKIN Succus S T
DK 12/05 Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev [37, 38, 45, 56, 5961] Asparagaceae Awa Grille SKIN B & Stem R T
GW 86/04 Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev [37, 38, 45, 56, 5961] Asparagaceae Haua Fresh cuts, sores WOUND/SKIN L H T
MS 67/04 Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev [37, 38, 45, 56, 5961] Asparagaceae Shir Fever, headache, general body pain FEV/HEAD/PAIN L & yShoot S O
BK 053/06 Crinum asiaticum L [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 49, 51, 56, 61, 62, 67, 74] Amaryllidaceae Yawal Swollen leg, limbs, muscles SWELL L H T
GW 39/04 Crinum asiaticum L [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 49, 51, 56, 61, 62, 67, 74] Amaryllidaceae Youri General cleansing, swollen breast GAST/SWELL Sap & L S | HR O | T
MS 29/04 Crinum asiaticum L [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 49, 51, 56, 61, 62, 67, 74] Amaryllidaceae Milakiap Scabies, rectal prolapse SKIN/GAST Stem S O | T
MS 54/04 Crinum asiaticum var. asiaticum [34, 54, 61] Amaryllidaceae Kalava Anemia BLOOD L D O
GW 75/04 Cryptocarya sp. [8, 3335, 43, 50, 53, 55, 65] Lauraceae Misipi (misi-ph) Cough, clear thinking RESP/PSYCH B D O
BK 035/06 Cryptocarya sp. [8, 3335, 43, 50, 53, 55, 65] Lauraceae Kovi Malaria and stomach ache MAL/GAST B R O
BK 029/06 Curcuma longa L [34, 42, 45] Zingiberaceae Laki Poison by black magic MAGIC Root R O
GW 35/04 Curcuma sp. [34, 35, 40, 4245, 62] Zingiberaceae Hivinguambe Fever, headache FEV/HEAD Shoot B I
GW 38/04 Curcuma sp. [34, 35, 40, 4245, 62] Zingiberaceae Lekienga Broken bones, curds/boils BONE/SKIN L | Root D O
MS 84/04 Cycas circinalis L [34, 35, 38, 42, 43, 46, 47, 51, 73] Cycadaceae Malcoku/Malok Sores SKIN Seed R T
BK 002/06 Cycas rumphii Miq [64] Cycadaceae Malehohong Sores SKIN Seed R T
GW 90/04 Cycas sp. [34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46, 47, 51, 63, 72, 73] Cycadaceae Rarier Ulcers SKIN Seed R T
DK 06/05 Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf [42, 56, 66] Gramineae Suimin Fever FEV Whole V T
GW 53/04 Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf [42, 56, 66] Gramineae Yamawi Malaria MAL L V I
MS 70/04 Davallia sp. [8, 34] Davalliaceae Klakol Headache, fever HEAD/FEV Sap C O
DK 35/05 Dendrocnide cordata (Warb. ex H.J.P. Winkl.) Chew [51] Urticaceae Chumbia Body aches PAIN L R T
MS 33/04 Dendrocnide latifolia (Gaudich.) Chew [64] Urticaceae Shalat (green) General body pain PAIN L R T
GW 101/04 Desmodium sp. [7, 9, 3335, 37, 43, 48, 60, 66, 68, 70, 72, 75, 76] Fabaceae Ninji Contraceptive REP Root S O
MS 81/04 Dillenia sp. [39, 50, 58, 60, 65, 77] Dilleniaceae Kol Fever, headache, cough FEV/HEAD/RESP L S O
DK 59/05 Dioscorea bulbifera L [33, 42] Dioscoreaceae Remsik Contraceptive REP Seed S O
GW 63/04 Dioscorea sp. [7, 8, 33, 35, 38, 42, 43, 46, 54, 59, 72, 73] Dioscoreaceae Harehare Headache, migraine HEAD L HR T
BK 013/06 Donax canniformis (G. Forst.) K. Schum [8] Marantaceae Gani Ear ache PAIN yL R T
DK 23/05 Donax canniformis (G. Forst.) K. Schum [8] Marantaceae Guarimb Ear infection INF L R T
GW 78/04 Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb [42, 58] Asparagaceae Hembesaihe Fever, headache, stomach complaints FEV/HEAD/GAST Root S O
GW 25/04 Dysoxylum sp. [33, 34, 39, 41, 51, 59, 63] Meliaceae Sengiwama Sores, ulcers SKIN B R T
GW 68/04 Dysoxylum sp. [33, 34, 39, 41, 51, 59, 63] Meliaceae Huambuka Malaria, cough MAL/RESP L D O
GW 100/04 Elaeocarpus sphaericus Schum [39, 53] Elaeocarpaceae Nangila Malaria, cough, pneumonia, shortness of breath MAL/RESP B D O
MS 25/04 Elaeocarpus sphaericus Schum [39, 53] Elaeocarpaceae Kaiboun Asthma RESP B S O
BK 043/06 Elatostema sp [8, 3335, 3941, 43, 53, 65, 66, 69] Urticaceae Kaskas-bhirs Scabies SKIN Whole D T
MS 59/04 Elatostema sp [8, 3335, 3941, 43, 53, 65, 66, 69] Urticaceae Moin kukuri Fever, headache, joint pain, fertility FEV/HEAD/PAIN/REP Whole M O
GW 28/04 Endospermum formicarium Becc [7, 34, 39, 43, 62, 67] Euphorbiaceae Bundua Fever, asthma FEV/RESP B S O
DK 40/05 Endospermum labios Schodde [7, 34, 39, 43, 62, 67] Euphorbiaceae Paruang Scabies SKIN Seed & Flower C O
MS 89/04 Endospermum medullosum L.S.Sm. Euphorbiaceae Kakar Fever, body pain, unconscious FEV/PAIN/PSYCH L B I
GW 47/04 Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 67] Araceae Kumbui-bhi Fever FEV B S O
BK 009/06 Epipremnum sp. [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 43, 66, 67] Araceae Kunga Dysentery (excreting of blood), vomiting of blood GAST Root M | C O
MS 12/04 Epipremnum sp. [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 43, 66, 67] Araceae Klakial Headache, swollen bodies, fever, cold HEAD/SWELL/FEV/RESP Sap S O
GW 18/04 Erythrina merrilliana Krukoff Fabaceae Kwai Diarrhoea, shortness of breath,cough GAST/RESP L & B D O
MS 42/04 Erythrina merrilliana Krukoff Fabaceae Pear Contraceptive REP B B O
MS 52/04 Euodia hortensis J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. [8, 34, 42, 43, 53, 56, 57, 63] Rutaceae Ghin Unconsciousness PSYCH L V I
MS 66/04 Euodia sp. [8, 33, 34, 40, 42, 43, 53, 56, 57, 62, 63] Rutaceae Muth Fertility,emetic REP/GAST B S O
BK 025/06 Euphorbia heterophylla L [51] Euphorbiaceae Wilai For treating diarrhoea GAST Sap S O
BK 023/06 Euphorbia hirta L [9, 34, 39, 46, 50, 51, 56, 57, 67] Euphorbiaceae Unknown Sore SKIN L S T
GW 17/04 Euphorbia hirta L [9, 34, 39, 46, 50, 51, 56, 57, 67] Euphorbiaceae Seplein Nai Shortness of breath, asthma, pneumonia RESP Whole D O
DK 03/05 Euphorbia plumerioides Teijsm. ex Hassk. [33, 34, 36, 43, 51, 53, 60, 69] Euphorbiaceae Miambi/Pombi Poisoning POIS Sap S O
MS 47/04 Euphorbia sp. [9, 3436, 4144, 50, 53, 54, 5759, 67, 74, 78] Euphorbiaceae Sungwia Emetic GAST Sap S O
GW 44/04 Euphorbia sp. [9, 3436, 4144, 50, 53, 54, 5759, 67, 74, 78] Euphorbiaceae Wale Emetic GAST Sap S O
GW 80/04 Euphorbia sp. [9, 3436, 4144, 50, 53, 54, 5759, 67, 74, 78] Euphorbiaceae Tuth Emetic GAST Sap S O
MS 79/04 Euphorbia tithymaloides (L.) [51, 56] Euphorbiaceae Mual nias Epigastric pain GAST Sap S O
BK 046/06 Ficus adenosperma Miq [8, 3335, 53] Moraceae Belloki Cut WOUND yL S T
DK 41/05 Ficus pungens Reinw. ex Blume [9, 33, 34, 42, 43, 53, 59, 60, 63] Moraceae Kuar Shortness of breath RESP Succus S O
MS 40/04 Ficus septica Burm.f. [34, 3740, 42, 43, 48, 49, 51, 5759, 61, 62, 66, 67, 78] Moraceae Poipuk Diarrhoea GAST Sap & yShoot S O
DK 58/05 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Tuohepolehe Malnutrition NUT Sap C O
GW 58/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Manjemieri Nutrient supplement for babies NUT Sap S O
GW 74/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Wavihasa/Horikieng Broken bones BONE Root M T
GW 89/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Chiplapul Abortion REP B R T
MS 17/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Bukabok Fracture BONE B R T
MS 31/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Moul koni Ulcer SKIN Sap S T
MS 88/04 Ficus sp. [79, 3340, 4245, 4749, 5159, 6163, 6669, 74, 75, 77, 78] Moraceae Aiyau Toothache DENT yRoot M O
MS 75/04 Ficus wassa Roxb [33, 34, 39, 40, 42, 47, 68, 75] Moraceae Kikquai Contraceptive REP Root M O
BK 060/06 Gnetum gnemon L [8, 34] Gnetaceae Yit Removal of wood or stick in skin WOUND yL S T
DK 14/05 Gnetum gnemon L [8, 34] Gnetaceae Mogsa Removal of nails/ splints lodged in the body WOUND Sap S T
MS 18/04 Gnetum gnemon L [8, 34] Gnetaceae Popoyiri Eye disease OCC Sap S T
GW 45/04 Gnetum gnemonoides Brongn. Gnetaceae Biek Fever, headache (malaria) FEV/MAL B D O
MS 14/04 Graptophyllum sp. [79, 33, 35, 36, 39, 41, 66, 67] Acanthaceae Inta’niat Fever, headache, joint pain, cold FEV/HEAD/ PAIN/RESP L D O & I & T
GW 11/04 Gymnostoma papuanum (S. Moore) L.A.S. Johnson [33, 35, 43] Casuarinaceae Mania Shortness of breath, asthma RESP B D O
GW 70/04 Hemigraphis reptans (G. Forst.) T. Anderson ex Hemsl. Acanthaceae Mijika Centipede bite BITE Whole HR T
BK 018/06 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L [37, 56, 59] Malvaceae Mawe Sore eye OCC Flower R T
DK 13/05 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L [37, 56, 59] Malvaceae Kupawaruk Menstrual cramps REP L S O
MS 05/04 Homalanthus sp. [7, 8, 3336, 42, 50, 51, 58] Euphorbiaceae War moap Scabies SKIN Stem D T
DK 42/05 Homalium foetidum (Roxb.) Benth [8] Salicaceae Mes Knee ache PAIN B MAG P_to_Plant
GW 83/04 Hydriastele costata F.M. Bailey Arecaceae Yawah Shortness of breath RESP Stem S O
DK 33/05 Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze Fabaceae Wun Boil SKIN Stem C T
GW 08/04 Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze Fabaceae Hwapo Fractured bones BONE B HR T
MS 46/04 Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze Fabaceae Tou’r Severe back pain PAIN B D O & T
GW 52/04 Ipomea sp. [35, 36, 39, 43, 49, 61] Convolvulaceae Firac Distended stomach, pigbel GAST L C O
BK 020/06 Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br [59] Convolvulaceae Waimabhu Running nose, cough, asthma RESP Stem S ?
MS 26/04 Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br [59] Convolvulaceae Kairo Fever, headache, joint pain, swelling of the body FEV/HEAD/PAIN/SWELL L S O
BK 021/06 Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers [34, 39, 46, 51, 67] Crassulaceae Kulukir knee pain/ache, back ache/pain, swollen legs, boils PAIN/ SWELL /SKIN L H T
DK 04/05 Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers [34, 39, 46, 51, 67] Crassulaceae Asamambia Insect bite BITE L H T
BK 015/06 Laportea decumana Wedd. [9, 32, 3437, 39, 4245, 49, 51, 53, 59, 63, 65, 66, 69, 71, 72, 7477] Urticaceae Salat Muscle ache, knee pain, ankle sprain PAIN L R T
DK 32/05 Laportea interrupta (L.) Chew [34, 39, 51, 67, 73] Urticaceae Shalat (red) Fresh cuts,wounds WOUND yL H T
BK 027/06 Leucosyke capitellata Wedd [8, 9] Urticaceae Elan Sores and cuts SKIN/WOUND B R T
GW 22/04 Litsea sp. [8, 9, 33, 43, 69] Lauraceae Erikombi Cough, malaria RESP/MAL L D O
GW 23/04 Litsea sp. [8, 9, 33, 43, 69] Lauraceae Neimie Malaria, fevers, coughs MAL/FEV/RESP L or B D O
GW 06/04 Macaranga clavata Warb. Euphorbiaceae Lambie Skin infections, scabies SKIN B S T
MS 11/04 Macaranga darbyshirei Airy Shaw Euphorbiaceae Walmieng Anti-venom POIS B M O
GW 46/04 Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner [39] Moraceae Lomowi Cough, stomach complaints RESP/GAST Stem S O
GW 93/04 Mangifera indica L [8, 34, 51, 56] Anacardiaceae Huarambie/Wamahang Snake bite BITE B D | H O & T
DK 51/05 Manihot esculenta Crantz [34, 35, 51] Euphorbiaceae Gumbyow Fresh cut,wounds WOUND Root R T
MS 16/04 Marattia sp. [7, 33, 34, 36, 43, 54, 69] Marattiaceae Rireo Fever, headache, swollen bodies etc. FEV/HEAD/SWELL/OTHER yShoot S O
BK 011/06 Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Blume) Rchb. & Zoll [34] Euphorbiaceae Wamakhir Snake bites BITE B M O
DK 36/05 Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Blume) Rchb. & Zoll [34] Euphorbiaceae Waru Snake bite BITE B M O
GW 02/04 Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Blume) Rchb. & Zoll [34] Euphorbiaceae Warimaing Snake and centipede bites, antivenom BITE/POIS B M O
MS 36/04 Melastoma sp. [79, 33, 34, 43, 47, 54] Melastomataceae Mutamuth Blocked nose, flu, cough RESP L V I
DK 05/05 Melicope triphylla (Lam.) Merr [34, 40, 42, 43, 62] Rutaceae Kupun Abortion REP L D O
BK 001/06 Merremia peltata (L.) Merr [8, 34, 42, 43, 56, 59, 67] Convolvulaceae Aukut Boil, sore or ulcer, fresh cut SKIN/WOUND Sap | L S | H T
DK 28/05 Merremia peltata (L.) Merr [8, 34, 42, 43, 56, 59, 67] Convolvulaceae Bangpuk Fresh cuts, /wounds WOUND Sap S T
GW 62/04 Merremia peltata (L.) Merr [8, 34, 42, 43, 56, 59, 67] Convolvulaceae Nangumareng Determine male sex of baby REP L D O
GW 43/04 Merremia sp. [8, 34, 42, 43, 56, 59, 67] Convolvulaceae Wararamang Fever, malaria FEV/MAL Stem S O
DK 30/05 Metroxylon sagu Rottb [42] Arecaceae Nouk Burns BURN Stem R T
GW 96/04 Mikania sp. Asteraceae Lihasuanga Skin infections, scabies, sores SKIN Sap S T
BK 059/06 Mimosa pudica L [8, 34] Fabaceae Bambu kiya Induce sleep PSYCH Whole D T
DK 52/05 Mimosa pudica L [8, 34] Fabaceae Haihiksa Infant colic CHILD Whole D T
MS 77/04 Mimosa pudica L [8, 34] Fabaceae Miatmiat Induced sleep PSYCH Whole D T
GW 20/04 Mitracarpus sp. Rubiaceae Waramang Eye infections, color defects OCC Whole B I
BK 038/06 Morinda citrifolia L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 43, 48, 49, 5659, 61, 68, 70, 73, 78] Rubiaceae Simbiya Knee ache, cough PAIN/RESP yL | Fruit D | R or H O & T
MS 71/04 Morinda citrifolia L [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 42, 43, 48, 49, 5659, 61, 68, 70, 73, 78] Rubiaceae Knuel General body pain, boils, inflammation PAIN/SKIN/SWELL L R T
GW 64/04 Mucuna novo-guineensis Scheff. [8] Fabaceae Kilemiesik Shortness of breath RESP Root S O
MS 37/04 Mucuna sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 47, 50, 52, 56, 63] Fabaceae Ombo Anemia BLOOD Sap S O
GW 51/04 Mucuna sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 47, 50, 52, 56, 63] Fabaceae Wamayihara Tooth ache, loose tooth DENT Stem M O
GW 66/04 Mucuna sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 47, 50, 52, 56, 63] Fabaceae Ponambile Anemia BLOOD B S O
GW 84/04 Mucuna sp. [8, 9, 34, 43, 47, 50, 52, 56, 63] Fabaceae Manvil Arthritis joint pain, back ache PAIN B S T
BK 003/06 Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack [8, 73] Rutaceae Sika Ccough RESP L D O
DK 24/05 Musa acuminata Colla [34, 37, 47, 57] Musaceae Yup Sore lip PAIN Fruit C T
MS 44/04 Musa sp. [8, 9, 3234, 37, 42, 43, 47, 52, 54, 56, 57, 59, 61, 63, 67, 71, 72] Musaceae Wur karasau Wound WOUND Sap S T
BK 055/06 Nauclea orientalis (L.) L [34, 55, 63] Rubiaceae Runggool Asthma,shortness of breath RESP B S O
DK 44/05 Nauclea orientalis (L.) L [34, 55, 63] Rubiaceae Kuva Snake bite BITE B S O
GW 10/04 Neonauclea purpurea (Roxb.) Merr [39] Rubiaceae Kripa Fever, headache (malaria), pneumonia, asthma FEV/MAL/RESP B B I & O
BK 061/06 Neonauclea sp. Rubiaceae Gipma Poisonous snake bite BITE B M O
DK 48/05 Nephrolepis hirsutula (G. Forst.) C. Presl [8] Lomariopsidaceae Tamanguia Uncontrollable urine URINE L C O
GW 36/04 Nephrolepis sp. [7, 8, 33, 34, 43] Lomariopsidaceae Walendau Headache, fever (malaria) HEAD/MAL Shoot & Root S O
MS 48/04 Nicotiana sp. [3336, 42, 43, 47, 52, 59, 63, 66, 71, 72, 76, 77] Solanaceae Kennings Anticoagulant BLOOD yL H T
BK 024/06 Nicotiana tabacum (L.) [33, 35, 36, 42, 43, 52, 59, 63, 76, 77] Solanaceae Saukien Sores SKIN L S T
BK 036/06 Not Identified Not Identified Ukapuk Scabies, malaria SKIN/MAL Sap S T | O
DK 47/05 Not identified Not identified Kupnenj Shortness of breath RESP Succus S O
DK 60/05 Not identified Fabaceae Wulamian Malnutrition NUT Whole H O
MS 80/04 Not identified Orchidaceae Kraufung Skin disease (grille) SKIN L H T
DK 57/05 Not identified Not identified Sarimbiya Cough RESP L - O
MS 22/04 Not identified Not identified Asakurkunja Scabies SKIN Stem & Root D T
MS 08/04 Ocimum basilicum L [32, 34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46, 48, 65, 67, 73] Labiate Ruk General body weakness, fever, headache, etc. FEV/MAL/HEAD Whole B I
BK 004/06 Octomeles sumatrana Miq [43] Datiscaceae Wani Asthma, back ache, malnourished/pigbel RESP/PAIN/NUT/GAST B | B | Sap S O | O | O
GW 48/04 Octomeles sumatrana Miq [43] Datiscaceae Waine Fever FEV B S O
MS 30/04 Pandanus dubius Spreng. Pandanaceae Viak Asthma RESP yShoot S O
GW 98/04 Pangium edule Reinw [34, 42, 43, 50, 51, 53] Achariaceae Imahek Enlarged spleen ORG Fruit R O
MS 35/04 Pangium edule Reinw [34, 42, 43, 50, 51, 53] Achariaceae Sis Lice killer INSECTICIDE L S T
GW 65/04 Papuechites sp. [34, 43] Apocynaceae Pari Enlarged spleen ORG Fruit S O
GW 29/04 Parsonia sp. [57, 59] Apocynaceae Tielimbika Fresh cuts, sores SKIN/WOUND L H T
BK 032/06 Passiflora foetida L [8, 42, 51, 56] Passifloraceae Bombo Asthma, white spot RESP/SKIN Flower & L | Seed D | R O & T
DK 46/05 Passiflora foetida L [8, 42, 51, 56] Passifloraceae Apsarapuk Whitespots SKIN L R T
GW 19/04 Passiflora foetida L [8, 42, 51, 56] Passifloraceae Apduanpuk Strong cough RESP Shoot & L S O
MS 09/04 Passiflora foetida L [8, 42, 51, 56] Passifloraceae Maparou Skin disease SKIN   R T
DK 55/05 Passiflora sp. [8, 42, 51, 56] Passifloraceae War yasokk Scabies SKIN Sap H T
BK 017/06 Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth [7] Piperaceae Koikoiwara Pimple SKIN L R T
GW 81/04 Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth [7] Piperaceae Lerek Fever, headache, (malaria) FEV/MAL Whole D O
MS 58/04 Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth [7] Piperaceae Kinkanak Antidepressant PSYCH L D T
BK 014/06 Phrynium sp. [45] Marantaceae Ripa kwalingu Scabies SKIN Succus S T
MS 55/04 Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn [34, 43, 49, 52, 63] Phyllanthaceae Kambaningi Fever, headache, swollen bodies FEV/HEAD/SWELL Root S O
GW 54/04 Phyllanthus niruri L [7, 9, 34, 42, 43, 46, 57, 59, 73] Phyllanthaceae Hipanchinchi Menorrhagia REP Whole D O
MS 60/04 Phyllanthus niruri L [7, 9, 34, 42, 43, 46, 57, 59, 73] Phyllanthaceae Shuk miau Fever FEV Whole D T
GW 14/04 Phyllanthus sp. [7, 9, 3335, 39, 42, 43, 46, 49, 52, 57, 59, 63, 67, 73] Phyllanthaceae Kai veai Tooth infections, toothache DENT Root M T
GW 61/04 Pimelodendron amboinicum Hassk [34, 39] Euphorbiaceae Sombik Enlarged spleen ORG Sap S O
MS 15/04 Pimelodendron amboinicum Hassk [34, 39] Euphorbiaceae Kunial Swollen stomach GAST B D T
BK 062/06 Piper betle L [3739, 42, 61, 67, 68] Piperaceae Kwashe gungga Sores,boils SKIN L H T
DK 22/05 Piper betle L [3739, 42, 61, 67, 68] Piperaceae Kosh Abdominal ache GAST Seed MS T
GW 49/04 Piper betle L [3739, 42, 61, 67, 68] Piperaceae Guspui Tuberculosis, centipede bite BITE/INF L | Fruit H O | T
DK 27/05 Piper mestonii F.M. Bailey. Piperaceae Hrunga Fresh cuts, wounds WOUND L S T
GW 97/04 Piper sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 3739, 42, 43, 53, 55, 57, 58, 60, 61, 65, 67, 68, 70, 74] Piperaceae Walehru Memory enhancing, clear thinking PSYCH Root M O
MS 56/04 Piper sp. [8, 9, 33, 34, 3739, 42, 43, 53, 55, 57, 58, 60, 61, 65, 67, 68, 70, 74] Piperaceae Kunek Anesthetic PAIN Root S O
DK 31/05 Piscidia grandifolia (Donn. Sm.) I.M. Johnst. [8] Fabaceae Yinapuk Strong headache HEAD Stem R T
GW 32/04 Pisonia longirostris Teijsm. & Binn [56] Nyctaginaceae Kumie/Weworo Tropical ulcers, peptic ulcers SKIN/GAST B S T | O
DK 45/05 Planchonia papuana R. Knuth Lecythidaceae Ningia Scabies SKIN B C O
MS 57/04 Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng [60, 74] Labiatae Wasirika Skin disease (grille) SKIN L S T
GW 13/04 Plectranthus hereroensis Engl. Labiatae Sumoun Stomach ulcers, placenta sores GAST/REP L D O
GW 15/04 Plectranthus hereroensis Engl. Labiatae Krau sumin Scabies, itchy skin SKIN L S T
BK 031/06 Plectranthus parviflorus Willd. Labiatae Humbiang Sores SKIN L S T
MS 49/04 Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br [8, 9, 33, 42, 43, 56, 58, 74] Labiatae Humbiang Ulcer, fresh cut SKIN/WOUND L S T
MS 87/04 Plectranthus scutellarioides(L.) R.BR [8, 9, 33, 42, 43, 56, 58, 74] Labiatae Trakain Skin disease (grille) SKIN L R T
GW 30/04 Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre [40, 42, 43, 52, 56, 59, 63] Fabaceae Lai Skin infections, scabies SKIN Root S T
GW 41/04 Pouteria sp. Sapotaceae Pokware Scabies, grille SKIN Sap S T
BK 052/06 Premna serratifolia L. [39, 42, 61] Lamiaceae Kunggwia Emetic GAST Seed R O
GW 42/04 Premna sp.[8, 34, 39, 42, 43, 53, 56, 63] Lamiaceae Ningrik Ear ache PAIN B S T
MS 06/04 Premna sp.[8, 34, 39, 42, 43, 53, 56, 63] Lamiaceae Wurweik Malaria MAL L & B D O
BK 050/06 Psidium guajava L [39, 40, 56, 61] Myrtaceae Yambu Cough, itchy throat RESP Fruit R O
DK 17/05 Psidium guajava L [39, 40, 56, 61] Myrtaceae Yambosik Diarrhoea GAST L D O
DK 49/05 Psychotria sp. [7, 9, 3335, 37, 38, 43, 59] Rubiaceae Sisikupa Boil SKIN L S T
GW 07/04 Psychotria sp. [7, 9, 3335, 37, 38, 43, 59] Rubiaceae Konumbo Enlarged spleen ORG Sap S O
BK 040/06 Pterocarpus indicus Willd. [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 40, 42, 43, 47, 48, 56, 57, 59, 61, 67, 68] Fabaceae Markulu Anemia BLOOD Sap S O
GW 03/04 Pterocarpus indicus Willd. [7, 8, 34, 37, 38, 40, 42, 43, 47, 48, 56, 57, 59, 61, 67, 68] Fabaceae Moroho Diarrhoea, stomach ache, anemia GAST/BLOOD L & B D | D O
DK 18/05 Riedelia corallina (K. Schum.) Valeton Zingiberaceae Moukuaikuai Menstrual cramps REP Root D O
MS 63/04 Scaevola sericea Vahl [39] Goodeniaceae Knanas Cough RESP yL S O
MS 83/04 Schismatoglottis calyptrata (Roxb.) Zoll. & Moritzi Araceae Maghau Sore SKIN L H T
GW 55/04 Semecarpus sp. [8, 50, 51] Anacardiaceae Huaho Itchy skin (pruritis) SKIN B D T
MS 76/04 Sida rhombifolia L [7, 8, 34, 37, 40, 42, 43, 50, 51, 54, 57, 59, 60, 73] Malvaceae Shasar Contraceptive REP Root M O
GW 99/04 Smilax sp. Smilacaceae Kilembole Generalcleansing MAINT Root & Stem S O
GW 26/04 Solanum torvum Sw [8, 34, 42, 48, 68] Solanaceae Warandangu/Waramande Joint pains,arthritis PAIN Root D O
GW 33/04 Spathiphyllum sp. Araceae Hwembung Strong cough, fever RESP/FEV Root S O
GW 95/04 Sphaerostephanos sp. [7, 8, 33, 42, 53] Thelypteridaceae Ningi Malaria MAL Root D O
MS 24/04 Sphaerostephanos unitus (L.) Holttum [33, 53] Thelypteridaceae Kipokip Sores, ulcers SKIN L S T
DK 50/05 Spondias dulcis Parkinson [43] Anacardiaceae Nungwi Scabies SKIN B C O
GW 67/04 Spondias dulcis Parkinson [43] Anacardiaceae Akanang Sores, scabies SKIN Shoot S O
GW 37/04 Stephania japonica var. discolor (Blume) Forman [51] Menispermaceae Poponga Malaria MAL Root S O
GW 31/04 Stephania sp. [34, 37, 38, 43, 47, 48, 51] Menispermaceae Yuamareng/Kenduek Fever, headache (malaria), asthma, cough FEV/MAL/RESP Sap S O
GW 04/04 Sterculia shillinglawii F. Muell. Malvaceae Huasiva or Chosembi Enlarged spleen, pigbel ORG/GAST L | Sap D | S O
DK 09/05 Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 47, 56, 67] Myrtaceae Gwangolik Fever FEV L D T
DK 10/05 Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 47, 56, 67] Myrtaceae Turukirmba Fever FEV L D T
MS 43/04 Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry [7, 8, 34, 39, 42, 47, 56, 67] Myrtaceae Duokuma Epigastric pain GAST L H T
BK 048/06 Syzygium sp. [8, 9, 33, 43, 45] Myrtaceae Kaviak Cough with itchy throat RESP yL D O
BK 054/06 Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Lam [34, 38, 46] Apocynaceae Karaban Grille SKIN Fruit S T
GW 76/04 Tabernaemontana sp. Apocynaceae Raviapari Determine baby girl REP Root M O
GW 82/04 Tinospora arfakiana Becc. Menispermaceae Saihuna Cough, grille RESP/SKIN L D | S O | T
MS 65/04 Tinospora sp. Menispermaceae Tifoniak kuriri Asthma, cough RESP L S O
GW 57/04 Tylophora sp. Asclepiadaceae Yousa Recovery from illness NUT Root D O
BK 005/06 Uncaria lanosa var. appendiculata (Benth.) Ridsdale Rubiaceae Marangi Fever, headache, malaria, cough, malnutrition MAL/FEV/NUT/HEAD/RESP Sap S O
MS 82/04 Uncaria lanosa var. appendiculata (Benth.) Ridsdale Rubiaceae Mewow Severe fever, chronic diarrhoea with blood, loss of weight. FEV/GAST Sap S O
DK 29/05 Uncaria orientalis Guillaumin Rubiaceae Marange Shortness of breath RESP Sap S O
GW 85/04 Uncaria sp. [8, 9, 33, 35, 39] Rubiaceae Trakiau kakoin Headache, migraine HEAD Sap S O
GW 72/04 Ursi sp. Fabaceae Swamareng Determine baby boy REP Root S O
GW 77/04 Urticastrum decumanum (Roxb.) Kuntze [9, 32, 3437, 39, 4245, 49, 51, 53, 59, 63, 65, 66,69, 71, 72, 7477] Urticaceae Purkumb B body, muscle, joint pains, pneumonia PAIN/RESP L R O | T
MS 62/04 Urticastrum decumanum (Roxb.) Kuntze [9, 32, 3437, 39, 4245, 49, 51, 53, 59, 63, 65, 66 69, 71, 72, 7477] Urticaceae Chipia Abortion REP L D O
BK 012/06 Vanilla sp. [65] Orchidaceae Dunauru banguwi Prevent miscarriage REP Sap S O
MS 13/04 Villebrunea sp. Urticaceae Wurarian Very high fever, headache, swollen bodies FEV/HEAD/SWELL Sap S O
MS 86/04 Virola surinamensis (Rol. ex Rottb.) Warb [33] Myristicaceae Sukuai Sore in the baby’s mouth CHILD L MS T
GW 73/04 Wedelia biflora (L.) DC. [34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46, 48, 52, 56, 57, 59, 62, 63, 67, 68, 70] Asteraceae Bambawhoo Cough, diarrhoea, women’s bleeding disorders RESP/GAST/REP L D O
BK 019/06 Wedelia sp.[34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46, 48, 52, 56, 57, 59, 62, 63, 67, 68, 70] Asteraceae Pava Running nose, cough,asthma RESP L V I
MS 72/04 Wedelia sp.[34, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46, 48, 52, 56, 57, 59, 62, 63, 67, 68, 70] Asteraceae Kiskiash Toothache DENT yShoot M O
BK 030/06 Zingiber officinale Roscoe [8, 9, 34, 36, 39, 42, 53, 56, 60, 63, 6567, 71, 73, 77] Zingiberaceae Kambei laki Ssnake bites BITE L R O & T
DK 07/05 Zingiber officinale Roscoe [8, 9, 34, 36, 39, 42, 53, 56, 60, 63, 6567, 71, 73, 77] Zingiberaceae Nikirkuasa Malaria MAL Whole D T
DK 39/05 Zingiber officinale Roscoe [8, 9, 34, 36,