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Table 4 Overrepresented and underespresented plants for each province when compared to the regional plant diversity as recorded in the PNG Plant Database

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea

East Sepik (ES Reports vs PNG PlantDB (ES total flora)
  # in PNG PlantDB # in ES Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 2258 207 0.080 0.104 -
Overrepresented Families
 Araceae 13 7 0.289 0.770 0.184
 Zingiberaceae 14 6 0.213 0.677 0.108
 Marantaceae 3 2 0.194 0.932 0.090
 Solanaceae 9 4 0.187 0.738 0.083
 Euphorbiaceae 83 22 0.182 0.369 0.078
 Convolvulaceae 13 5 0.177 0.649 0.072
 Datiscaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.054
 Fabaceae 82 19 0.154 0.334 0.050
 Gnetaceae 4 2 0.147 0.853 0.042
 Davalliaceae 8 3 0.137 0.701 0.033
 Lamiaceae 42 10 0.135 0.386 0.031
 Anacardiaceae 18 5 0.126 0.512 0.021
 Asteraceae 19 5 0.119 0.491 0.015
 Menispermaceae 15 4 0.110 0.524 0.006
 Piperaceae 15 4 0.110 0.524 0.006
Underrepresented Families
 Poaceae 106 3 0.010 0.080 0.028
Eastern Highlands (EH) vs PNG PlantDB (EH Total Flora)
  # in PNG PlantDB # in EH Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 3549 156 0.038 0.051 -
Overrepresented Families
 Ebenaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.241
 Winteraceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.241
 Acanthaceae 12 5 0.192 0.684 0.141
 Hypoxidaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.107
 Smilacaceae 7 3 0.157 0.755 0.106
 Plantaginaceae 5 2 0.118 0.777 0.067
 Lamiaceae 21 5 0.107 0.454 0.056
 Araliaceae 17 4 0.097 0.476 0.046
 Commelinaceae 2 1 0.094 0.906 0.043
 Elaeagnaceae 2 1 0.094 0.906 0.043
 Actinidiaceae 14 3 0.078 0.481 0.027
 Asteraceae 103 13 0.076 0.204 0.024
 Bignoniaceae 3 1 0.068 0.806 0.016
 Casuarinaceae 3 1 0.068 0.806 0.016
 Lecythidaceae 3 1 0.068 0.806 0.016
 Symplocaceae 3 1 0.068 0.806 0.016
 Onagraceae 9 2 0.067 0.556 0.016
 Theaceae 9 2 0.067 0.556 0.016
 Begoniaceae 10 2 0.060 0.518 0.009
 Balsaminaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
 Caprifoliaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
 Icacinaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
 Oxalidaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
 Selaginellaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
 Usneaceae 4 1 0.053 0.716 0.002
Underrepresented Families
 Orchidaceae 191 1 0.001 0.029 −0.009
Bougainville (BV) Reports vs PNG PlantDB (BV Total Flora)
  # in PNG PlantDB # in BV Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 1524 154 0.087 0.117 -
Overrepresented Families
 Verbenaceae 3 3 0.398 0.994 0.280
 Musaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.175
 Zingiberaceae 19 9 0.272 0.685 0.155
 Gnetaceae 3 2 0.194 0.932 0.077
 Arecaceae 19 7 0.191 0.592 0.074
 Marattiaceae 6 3 0.184 0.816 0.067
 Caricaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.041
Xanthorrhoeaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.041
 Leeaceae 4 2 0.147 0.853 0.029
 Fabaceae 53 12 0.135 0.356 0.018
 Thelypteridaceae 9 3 0.122 0.652 0.004
 Malvaceae 30 7 0.119 0.411 0.001
Underrepresented Families
 Orchidaceae 74 1 0.003 0.072 −0.015
  1. BS Bougainville, EH Eastern Highlands, ES East Sepik, PNG PlantDB Papaua New Guinea Plant Database [10]