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Table 5 Overrepresented and underespresented plants for each province when compared to the regional plant diversity as recorded in the UPNG Traditional Medicines Database

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea

East Sepik (ES Reports vs UPNG TradMed DB
  # in UPNG TradMed DB # in ES Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 1176 203 0.152 0.195 -
Overrepresented Families
 Convolvulaceae 6 5 0.421 0.963 0.226
 Arecaceae 10 7 0.390 0.891 0.195
 Marantaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.097
 Apocynaceae 25 9 0.202 0.557 0.007
Underrepresented Families
 Verbenaceae 22 0 0.001 0.148 −0.004
Eastern Highlands (EH) vs UPNG TradMed DB
  # in UPNG TradMed DB # in EH Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 1176 147 0.107 0.145 -
Overrepresented Families
 Monimiaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.147
 Plantaginaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.147
 Winteraceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.147
Melastomataceae 7 4 0.245 0.843 0.100
 Asparagaceae 5 3 0.223 0.882 0.078
 Smilacaceae 5 3 0.223 0.882 0.078
 Onagraceae 3 2 0.194 0.932 0.049
 Pittosporaceae 3 2 0.194 0.932 0.049
 Asteraceae 47 13 0.170 0.418 0.024
 Phyllanthaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
Caryophyllaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Chloranthoceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Elaegnaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Oleaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Polygalaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Tiliaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.013
 Proteaceae 4 2 0.147 0.853 0.001
Underrepresented Families
 Euphorbiaceae 88 3 0.012 0.095 −0.012
Bougainville (BV) Reports vs UPNG TradMedDB
  # in UPNG TradMed DB # in BV Medical Plants Reports Inferior Credible Interval Superior Credible Interval Difference to interval (margin)
Total 1177 146 0.106 0.144 meh
Overrepresented Families
 Arecaceae 10 7 0.390 0.891 0.246
 Leeaceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.148
 Rhizophoraceae 2 2 0.292 0.992 0.148
Thelypteridaceae 5 3 0.223 0.882 0.079
 Zingiberaceae 23 9 0.221 0.594 0.077
 Malvaceae 17 7 0.215 0.643 0.071
 Salicaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.014
 Pteridaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.014
Scrophulariaceae 1 1 0.158 0.987 0.014
 Marattiaceae 7 3 0.157 0.755 0.013
 Moraceae 38 10 0.150 0.421 0.006
 Gnetaceae 4 2 0.147 0.853 0.003
Underrepresented Families
 None found      
  1. BS Bougainville, EH Eastern Highlands, ES East Sepik, UPNG TradMedDB University of Papaua New Guinea Traditional Medicines Database [9, 25]