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Table 4 List of 102 ethnotaxa derived from freelisting elicitations (in decreasing Smith’s salience index), constituting the initial cultural domain of food plants in Conte-Burica. (n = 10 key informants)

From: Foodways in transition: food plants, diet and local perceptions of change in a Costa Rican Ngäbe community

Number Ngäbere name Spanish name Smith's Salience Frequency Average rank
1 Aro Arroz 0.847 100 6.2
2 Mumá Frijol cañero (común) 0.822 100 7.4
3 Mumá krire Frijol de palo 0.801 100 8.2
4 Ï Maíz 0.664 90 10.44
5 Ö Yuca 0.645 90 13.78
6 Naran Naranja 0.552 90 14.33
7 Tiquizque 0.538 80 16.5
8 Drun Ñame 0.497 100 21.2
9b Baran bun Plátano 0.465 80 15.13
10 Cacao 0.458 70 15
11 Mumá köire Frijol de bejuco 0.449 60 10.33
12 Kabe Café 0.447 70 14.57
13b Baran rugá Banano 0.442 90 19.56
14 Drune Ñampí 0.429 90 21.78
15 Ayote 0.376 70 19.86
16 Muá Piña 0.367 70 19.71
17 Jlimu Limón criollo 0.351 60 16.33
18 Dugá Aguacate 0.339 50 11.2
19 Söran Guanábana 0.315 60 19.5
20 Mölen Chichica 0.303 80 22.38
21 NVNR Mango 0.296 40 11.5
22 NVNR Mandarina 0.292 40 14
23 Chamol 0.281 50 21.6
24 Mraño Marañón 0.277 50 19.2
25 Kegemá Papaya 0.27 50 22.8
26 Jlimu malen Limón dulce 0.269 40 16.25
27 Dabá Pejibaye 0.26 60 23.5
28 Ñajú Ñajú 0.254 40 14.25
29 Jlimu kwaga Limón agrio 0.238 40 20.25
30 Kogo Coco (pipa) 0.232 40 20.5
31 Guaba 0.231 40 19.75
32 Mi Camote (batata) 0.228 30 11.67
33 Mumá kedebá Habas 0.219 30 11
34 Mitdrá Palmito 0.216 50 21.4
35 Sabo Zapote 0.208 40 18.25
36 Kuguoli Zorrillo. 0.201 50 27.2
37 Kolan Culantro coyote 0.198 90 31.22
38 Mumá poroto Frijol poroto 0.194 30 14
39 Nibá malen Chile (dulce) 0.187 50 30.6
40 Bere Berbá, ojoche 0.175 50 24.8
41 NVNR Mamón 0.174 30 21.33
42 Tä dogwä Malanga 0.173 40 25.75
43 Ibia malen Caña de azúcar 0.166 30 18.33
44 NVNR Verdolaga 0.147 40 30.5
45 Ï tain Maíz pujagua 0.14 20 11
46 NVNR Manzana de agua 0.14 30 26.33
47 Gwate Maracuyá 0.139 30 25
48a Chicha 0.133 30 19.67
49 Be Chayote 0.132 20 18
50 NVNR Carambola 0.129 30 28.67
52 NVNR Ajo 0.126 40 31.25
51b Cuadale Cuadrado 0.126 50 28
53 NVNR Pipián 0.119 20 21
54 NVNR Bambú tierno 0.117 20 19.5
55 Bodá Chidra (chira) 0.112 20 21
56 NVNR Itabo 0.103 50 39
58 Migá Nance 0.102 20 16
57 Söga Jaboncillo 0.102 20 25
59 NVNR Hierba (bejuco) de ajo 0.1 50 33.2
60 Toare Tomate 0.099 20 24.5
61 NVNR Naranjilla 0.097 20 25
62 NVNR Melón 0.088 20 27
63 NVNR Camote de monte 0.082 10 9
64 NVNR Sandía 0.081 20 31
66 Nimá Guayaba 0.076 10 13
65 NVNR Noni 0.076 20 29
67 NVNR Cebolla 0.074 20 24
68 Nomón Mamey 0.073 10 13
69 Nomó krie Níspero de montaña 0.07 10 14
70 NVNR Almendro 0.066 10 16
72 Mumá Carnita Carnita (frijol) 0.063 10 19
71 Kiongodä Helecho 0.063 30 38.67
73 NVNR Orégano carnoso 0.06 40 36.25
74 Chari Toronja 0.059 10 22
75 Kimó Estococa 0.057 30 36.67
76 Ñürun Pacaya 0.054 30 40.67
78b Tendemani Banano manzana 0.051 20 32.5
79a Miá Chicheme 0.051 10 26
77 NVNR Piro 0.051 20 31
81 Suligrie Mamón chino 0.049 20 22.5
80 Pimienta Pimienta 0.049 10 26
82 cf. Kadoguä Ñampí silvestre 0.045 10 18
84 Beregrie Castaño 0.042 10 16
85 NVNR Camote de monte 0.042 10 19
83 NVNR Zanahoria 0.042 10 16
86 NVNR Avena 0.037 10 32
87 Ragä Chayotillo 0.035 10 21
90 NVNR Canela 0.027 10 37
88 Mölögwä Palma real 0.027 20 41.5
89 Ngomó Zapotillo 0.027 10 20
92 Klisebá NVNR 0.024 20 25.5
91 NVNR Sucanca 0.024 20 43
93 NVNR Coliflor 0.023 10 21
94 Bugrüm Ortiga 0.022 20 34
95 Sa krie Garrobo 0.019 10 26
96 NVNR Repollo 0.019 10 22
99 Kwaga kriblu nué Bejuco de flor blanca 0.012 10 24
98 Nibá dime Chile picante 0.012 10 46
97b Bechi, muachi Guineo 0.012 20 36.5
100 Kurä Achiote 0.011 10 40
101 NVNR Orégano (de la tienda) 0.004 10 44
102b Pelipita Felipita 0.002 10 45
  1. NVNR: No vernacular name recorded
  2. a: Items that do not correspond to a specific plant, but type of preparation made with several plants from the list
  3. b: Six different kinds of Musa A × A and Musa A × B