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Table 2 Association between vertical habitat division, fish species and fishing artefact used by Truká fishers

From: Ethnoichthyology of the indigenous Truká people, Northeast Brazil

Habitat Fish species (Cabrobó) Fish species (Orocó) Fishing artefact
‘Water surface’ (30 cm)
‘Shallow’ (100 cm) Hoplias malabaricus Hoplias malabaricus and Lophiosilurus alexandri Bow and arrow Hand line
‘Moderately deep’ (160 cm) Cichla ocellaris, Serrasalmus brandtii, Salminus cf. brasiliensis, Conorhynchus conirostris, Pachyurus Francisci Serrasalmus brandtii Rod and hook
Hand line Cast net Paddle canoe
‘Deep’ (starting at 200 cm) Pseudoplatystoma Coruscans, Pimelodella cf. vittata, Leporinus cf piau, Metynnis maculatus, Pterygoplichthys etentaculatus, Astronotus ocellatus, Colossoma macropomum, Hypostomus cf margaritifer, Plagioscion squamosissimus, Brycon reinhardtii, Prochilodus argenteus, Conorhynchus conirostris, Pygocentrus piraya Pimelodella cf. vittata, Leporinus cf piau, Metynnis maculatus, Cichla ocellaris, Colossoma macropomum, Hypostomus cf margaritifer, Plagioscion squamosissimus, Prochilodus argenteus, Pygocentrus piraya Rod and hook Fishing net Motorized canoe
‘Mud’ (450 cm to 1000 cm) Hoplias malabaricus, Hypostomus macrops, Pterygoplichthys etentaculatus, Gymnotus cf. carapo, Parauchenipterus galeatus Pterygoplichthys etentaculatus Cast net Rod and hook Fishing net