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Table 4 Ailment categories treated by different medicinal plants

From: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plant species used by communities around Mabira Central Forest Reserve, Uganda

Ailment categories Specific conditions No. of species used (n = 190) % of total species
Gynaecological issues Heavy menstrual flows, weakness during pregnancy, increasing vaginal fluids, uterine cleansing, family planning and induction of labour. 58 30.5
Digestive disorders stomachaches, blotting, ulcers, constipation, diarrhea, weight loss 54 28.4
Skin infections Wounds, warts, skin rash, acne, pimples and athletes foot. 47 24.7
Malaria & other infections Malaria, yellow fever, measles, toothache, ear & eye infections 43 22.6
Respiratory tract infections Flue, sinuses, sore throat, cough, tuberculosis 34 17.9
Arthritis & inflammation Swollen body parts, hydrocele elephantiasis. hernia, boils 23 12.1
Neurological & nervous system disorders Convulsions, epilepsy, fainting 17 8.9
Erectile dysfunction& Impotence Male sexual vitality 13 6.8
Ailment categories Specific conditions No. of species used (n = 190) % of total species
Childcare Swollen rib cage, failure to walk, umbilical cord treatment, false teeth, colic pains 12 6.3
Poisonous animal bites Snake and centipede bites 12 6.3
Hypertension Control of heart beat 11 5.8
Immune & energy boosting Low appetite, nausea 10 5.3
Painful body parts Neck, sternum pain, 10 5.3
Body odour Bad breath, 9 4.7
Headaches & Fatigues Migraines 6 3.2
Diabetes   6 3.2
Cancer Prostate, skin, breast and cervical cancer 6 3.2
Blood system disorders Blood cleansing, anaemia, 5 2.6
Muscular skeletal problems Back ache, joint pains, Rheumatism, shaking body, fractures 4 2.1
STDs & Venereal diseases Gornorrhea, syphilis 4 2.1
Abnormalities Hunchback 3 1.5
Hiccups   3 1.5
Psychiatric disorders Madness, memory loss, night mares 2 1.1
Bedwetting   1 0.5
Stop smoking   1 0.5