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Table 3 Categories of ailment and associated informant consensus factor (ICF) values

From: Ethnopharmacobotanical study on the medicinal plants used by herbalists in Sulaymaniyah Province, Kurdistan, Iraq

No. Category of ailment Number of taxa Use citations ICF
1 Respiratory issues: asthma, cold, cough, thyroid problems, hiccups, bad breath, phlegm, nausea. 25 76 0.68
2 Inflammations: inflammations of prostate, stomach, chest, and thorax, toothache, bronchitis, bacterial gastroenteritis, gum disease. 13 30 0.58
3 Digestive system disorders: diarrhea, hemorrhoids, constipation, intestinal complaints, carminative, colon problems, indigestion, appetizing, ascaris worms, colic. 37 56 0.34
4 Microbial infections: typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, plague, antiviral agent, immunity, antioxidants, oral herpes. 11 13 0.16
5 Blood problems: cholesterol, hypertension, anemia, stimulant, circulation, clear arteries, blood cell disorders. 21 38 0.45
6 Diabetes/obesity/weight loss. 12 25 0.54
7 Pain: arthritis, backache, headache, chest pain, abdominal pain, duodenal pain, stomachache, leg pain, thoracic pain, sore throat, joint pain. 43 60 0.28
8 Central nervous system issues: stress, depression, boost brainpower, sleeplessness, insomnia, sedation, anxiety,improve memory 11 12 0.09
9 Dermatological concerns: skin diseases, hair loss, hair tonic, anti-dandruff, burns, wounds, warts, alopecia areata, facial massage, mange. 28 38 0.27
10 Kidney problems: kidney disorders, bladder infections, urinary system problems, diuretic, gastric ulcer, gallstones. 23 36 0.37
11 Rheumatic disorders: rheumatoid arthritis, antispasmodic. 8 13 0.41
12 Women’s diseases: menopause, increasing breast milk. 6 12 0.54
13 Cancer/hoarseness/fat-burning. 5 5 0.00
14 Eye diseases: eye problems. 2 3 0.50
15 Liver diseases. 2 2 0.00
16 Sexual performance: sexual function, infertility. 4 4 0.00
17 Musculoskeletal and joint diseases: osteomalacia, bone diseases, rickets. 3 3 0.00