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Table 1 Inventory of wild edibles gathered and consumed in the Baidi village

From: Traditional knowledge and its transmission of wild edibles used by the Naxi in Baidi Village, northwest Yunnan province

Taxon Family Vernacular name Food categories Part(s) used and mode of consumption (prevalence of usea) Collecting habitatb (season) Voucher number FC f CI CFSI
Angiosperma           
     Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton Acoraceae   vitamine & functional food Rhizomes, boiled in water without garnish (TC). AE(all seasons) P1408     
   Amaranthus sp. Amaranthaceae   vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring) 0354     
   Chenopodium album L. Amaranthaceae mulv vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). CA-UA (spring and summer) 0151     
   Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. Amaranthaceae   vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). CA-UA (spring and summer) P1413     
   Allium sp. Amaryllidaceae gu edible condiments, vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0355 40 0.47 0.47 24.00
   Pistacia weinmanniifolia J. Poiss. ex Franch. Anacardiaceae yizhu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0055 16 0.19 0.19 5.40
   Ligusticum sinense cv. Chuanxiong S. H. Qiu & et al. Apiaceae   vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO(all seasons)      
   Oenanthe javanica (Bl.) DC. Apiaceae zen axi vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). AE(all seasons) 0045 31 0.36 0.36 27.90
   Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight Apocynaceae niezi vegetable Leaves and stems, boiled in water (AB). SC-UA (all seasons) 0088     
   Marsdenia sp. Apocynaceae Lubei vegetable Leaves and stems, boiled in water (AB). SC (spring and summer) 0234     
   Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch Araceae Bulei carbohydrates Tubers, dried, smashed and boiled in water for making curd (TC). FO-CA-SC (autumn) 0052     
   Arisaema elephas Buchet Araceae Babaxiluo forage, vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). Leaves, eaten raw as forage (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0048     
   Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott Araceae Rihaxiluo forage, vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). Leaves, eaten raw as forage (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0095     
   Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. Asparagaceae Laosha vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC-UA (all seasons) 0047     
   Maianthemum japonicum (A. Gray) La Frankie Asparagaceae Abu vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0011 53 0.62 0.62 55.65
   Arctium lappa L. Asteraceae Elaba vegetable, vitamine & functional food Roots, stewed (TC). SC-CA-U A (all seasons) 0258 4 0.05 0.05 7.02
   Artemisia sieversiana Ehrhart ex Willd. Asteraceae   forage, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (AB). Aerial part, eaten raw as forage (TC). FO-SC-CA-UA (spring, summer and autumn) 0137     
   Carpesium cernuum L. Asteraceae La men ga forage, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). Aerial part, eaten raw as forage (TC). SC-UA (all seasons) 0299     
   Carpesium sp. Asteraceae La men ga forage, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). Aerial part, eaten raw as forage (TC). SC-UA (all seasons) 0150     
   Cichorium intybus L. Asteraceae   vegetable, forage Leaves, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) P1407     
   Cirsium lidjiangense Petr. & Hand.-Mazz. Asteraceae Raqiku vegetable, vitamine & functional food Roots, stewed (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0260 3 0.03 0.03 5.27
   Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Asteraceae Munukepei; Youcong forage Aerial part, eaten raw (TC). CA (spring, summer, autumn) 0020     
   Hippolytia delavayi (Franch. ex W. W. Smith) C. Shih Asteraceae Bunasi vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO (all seasons) 0114     
   Leibnitzia anandria (L.) Turcz. Asteraceae Mumeicidei forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). CA (spring, summer, autumn) 0061     
   Sigesbeckia orientalis L. Asteraceae Umeiheiba forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer, autumn) 0101     
   Sonchus oleraceus L. Asteraceae Umeisennier vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). CA-UA (spring) P1420     
   Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. Asteraceae Pugongying vegetable, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0189 70 0.81 0.85 157.50
   Begonia grandis Dryand. Begoniaceae Akangzi vegetable Tender leaves and stems, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0087     
   Berberis sp. Berberidaceae Ciilv vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0007 4 0.05 0.05 1.35
   Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & J. R. Drumm. Boraginaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). CA(spring, summer, autumn) 0064     
   Ehretia dicksonii Hance Boraginaceae Buna forage, vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). Leaves, as forage (AB). SC-UA (summer) 0207 4 0.05 0.05 1.35
   Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Brassicaceae   vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring) 0198     
   Cardamine macrophylla Willd. Brassicaceae You vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0266 76 0.88 0.94 205.20
   Cardamine tangutorum O. E. Schulz Brassicaceae You vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO(spring and summer) 0353 76 0.88 0.94 205.20
   Eutrema yunnanense Franch. Brassicaceae Bei vegetable, forage Leaves, fried (TC). Eaten raw by animals. FO (spring and summer) 0352 73 0.85 0.85 65.70
   Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Brassicaceae Shuicai, Xiyangcai vegetable Leaves, fried (CC). AE(all seasons) 0166 45 0.52 0.52 206.72
   Thlaspi arvense L. Brassicaceae Jucu oil & fats, vitamine & functional food Seeds, dried and boiled in water (AB). Whole plant, boiled in water as functional food (AB). SC-UA (summer) 0129     
   Adenophora stricta Miq. Campanulaceae Apudada vitamine & functional food, vegetable Roots, stewed in meat (TC). Leaves, eaten raw (TC). CA(all seasons) 0038 38 0.44 0.45 106.88
   Cannabis sativa L. Cannabaceae Samei oil & fats Seeds, dried and boiled in water (AB). SC-CA-UA (summer and autumn) P1422 67 0.78 0.78 24.12
   Dipsacus asper Wall. ex DC. Caprifoliaceae   vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC-CA-UA(all seasons) P1421     
   Sambucus adnata Wall. ex DC. Caprifoliaceae Shousi vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC(all seasons)   3 0.03 0.03 1.01
   Sambucus javanica Blume Caprifoliaceae Munongzi vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0227     
   Valeriana jatamansi Jones Caprifoliaceae Matixiang vegetable, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, stewed (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0041 67 0.78 0.90 120.60
   Viburnum betulifolium Batalin Adoxaceae Efuni vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0122 30 0.35 0.35 12.15
   Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Adoxaceae   oil & fats Seeds, dried and boiled in water (AB). FO-SC (winter) 0035     
   Viburnum foetidum var. ceanothoides (C. H. Wright) Handel-Mazzetti Adoxaceae Ciifuni vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0213 30 0.35 0.35 12.15
   Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Convolvulaceae Mulupabie vegetable, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0156     
   Cornus capitata Wall. Cornaceae Laka vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0086 52 0.60 0.60 14.04
   Cyperus sp. Cyperaceae Wongdanzi forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA(spring, summer and autumn)      
   Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex Griseb. Dioscoreaceae Rua ba; Luanba carbohydrates Tubers, dried and boiled in water (TC). FO-CA-SC (autumn) 0094 7 0.08 0.08 4.73
   Dioscorea yunnanensis Prain & Burkill Dipsacaceae   vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC-CA-UA (all seasons) P1409     
   Diospyros lotus L. Ebenaceae Tazhu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) P1417 3 0.03 0.03 1.01
   Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnaceae   vegetable Fruits, eaten raw (TC). SC-UA (autumn) 0211     
   Hippophae rhamnoides L. Elaeagnaceae Zhu beverage Fruits, fermented for sour taste (AB). FO-SC (autumn)      
   Pyrola atropurpurea Franch. Ericaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). FO (spring, summer and autumn)      
   Vaccinium fragile Franch. Ericaceae Anmiximi vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0021     
   Bauhinia sp. Fabaceae Huangrekei forage Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). FO (spring, summer and autumn) 0142     
   Cassia sp. Fabaceae Wujibaba forage Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water for livestocks (TC). FO (spring, summer and autumn) 0319     
   Lespedeza sp. Fabaceae Fushibeibei forage Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). FO (spring, summer and autumn) 0100     
   Lespedeza thunbergii subsp. elliptica (Benth. ex Maxim.) H. Ohashi Fabaceae   forage Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). FO(spring, summer, autumn) 0091     
   Medicago lupulina L. Fabaceae Mosu forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA(spring, summer and autumn) 0239     
   Piptanthus nepalensis (Hook.) Sweet Fabaceae Murekei forage Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). FO(spring, summer and autumn) 0105     
   Trifolium repens L. Fabaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw (TC). CA(all seasons) P1415     
   Quercus sp. Fagaceae Laba forage Tender Leaves, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). FO (all seasons) 0098     
   Gentiana rigescens Franch. Gentianaceae Yinini; Zii vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC (all seasons) 0326     
   Helwingia chinensis Batalin Helwingiaceae Ninahagubii vegetable Tender leaves, fried (AB). FO (spring and summer) 0215 4 0.05 0.05 0.90
   Hypericum forrestii (Chitt.) N. Robson Hypericaceae Muwaniba honey source plant Flowers, sucked (AB). SC-CA-UA (summer) 0243     
   Itea yunnanensis Franch. Iteaceae Piejulu forage Tender leaves, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0077     
   Juglans cathayensis Dode Juglandaceae Gudu oil & fats Seeds, dried and boiled in water (AB). FO-SC-CA-UA (autumn and winter) P1412 67 0.78 0.80 20.35
   Dracocephalum sp. Lamiaceae Bingba forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). FO (spring, summer and autumn) 0039     
   Elsholtzia strobilifera (Benth.) Benth. Lamiaceae   edible condiments Seeds, dried, for seasoning (AB). SC-CA-UA (autumn and winter) 0192     
   Mentha canadensis L. Lamiaceae Angzhi vegetable, edible condiments Tender leaves and stems, fried, or cold and dressed with sauce (TC). CA-UA (all seasons) 0012 43 0.50 0.50 169.31
   Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae Kedu edible condiments Seeds and leaves, dried, for seasoning (AB). SC-CA-UA (autumn and winter) 0058     
   Salvia trijuga Diels Lamiaceae   vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO-SC-UA (all seasons) 0119     
   Streptolirion volubile Edgew. Commelinaceae Mailexu forage Aerial part, eaten raw (TC). CA(spring, summer and autumn) 0030     
   Malva verticillata L. Malvaceae   carbohydrates Tubers, dried and boiled in water (TC). FO-CA-SC (autumn) 0152     
   Ficus sarmentosa Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Moraceae Kesulu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0040 3 0.03 0.03 1.01
   Morus mongolica (Bureau) C. K. Schneid. Moraceae Ciilu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0132     
   Epipactis mairei Schltr. Orchidaceae aba forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). FO(spring, summer and autumn) 0026     
   Habenaria sp. Orchidaceae   vitamine & functional food Tubers, boiled in water (AB). FO (autumn) 0037     
   Oxalis acetosella L. Oxalidaceae Tuolaibaba forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0313     
   Plantago asiatica L. Plantaginaceae Umeiheizhou vegetable, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0049 64 0.74 0.78 144.00
   Avena fatua L. Poaceae Wongdaba carbohydrates forage Seeds, dried, smashed and fried (TC). Whole plant for animal (TC). CA (summer and autumn) P1419     
   Catabrosa aquatica (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae Zii forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0256     
   Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae Bai carbohydrates Seeds, dried (AB). SC-CA-UA (summer, autumn and winter) 0146     
   Phyllostachys glauca McClure Poaceae Zhusun vegetable Young shoots, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring and early summer) 0154 5 0.06 0.06 1.13
   Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae Kucuzii forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn)      
   Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) H.Hara Polygonaceae Saidiku forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (all seasons) 0015     
   Fagopyrum gracilipes (Hemsl.) Dammer ex Diels Polygonaceae Niarlagulepo forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0141     
   Oxyria sinensis Hemsl. Polygonaceae Huaji vegetable, forage Young shoots, eaten raw by people (AB). Leaves, eaten by animals (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring, summer and autumn) 0176 10 0.12 0.23 15.19
   Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Polygonaceae Niaorla forage Aerial part, eaten raw (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0144     
   Polygonum paleaceum Wall. Polygonaceae Yeku vitamine & functional food Roots, boiled in water (TC). FO (all seasons)      
   Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Polygonaceae Lagasidi vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring, summer and autumn) 0237 6 0.07 0.07 4.68
   Rumex acetosa L. Polygonaceae Lagasidi vegetable Young shoots, eaten raw (AB). SC-CA-UA (spring, summer and autumn) 0236     
   Myrsine africana L. Primulaceae Lagancii vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0076     
   Clematis armandii Franch. Ranunculaceae Ehake vegetable Young shoots, fried (TC). SC-CA-UA (spring) 0163     
   Clematis ranunculoides Franch. Ranunculaceae Umeijuzi forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0046     
   Thalictrum aquilegiifolium L. var. sibiricum Regel & Tiling Ranunculaceae Renuba forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA(spring, summer and autumn) 0042     
   Ziziphus montana W. W. Smith Rhamnaceae Cipa vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0349 17 0.20 0.20 5.74
   Amygdalus davidiana (Carrière) de Vos ex Henry Rosaceae Buji,buka vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0217     
   Cerasus cerasoides (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) S. Y. Sokolov Rosaceae   vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) P1402     
   Docynia delavayi (Franch.) C. K. Schneid. Rosaceae Sibu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn)   51 0.59 0.59 11.48
   Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl. ex J. Gay Rosaceae Anmenbuzi; Alibuji; Ameibuji vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) P1414     
   Fragaria vesca L. Rosaceae Ameibuji vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0226 14 0.16 0.16 3.15
   Malus rockii Rehder Rosaceae   vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn)      
   Malus yunnanensis (Franch.) C.K. Schneid. Rosaceae Lvba vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0210     
   Osteomeles schwerinae C. K. Schneid. Rosaceae Dazhu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0346 18 0.21 0.21 4.05
   Potentilla kleiniana Wight & Arn. Rosaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA (spring, summer and autumn) 0079     
   Prinsepia utilis Royle Rosaceae Chuda vitamine & functional food, beverage, oil & fats Fruits, eaten raw (AB). Seeds, smashed and boiled in water for oil (CC). Leaves, for making functional tea (TC). SC-CA-UA(spring, summer and autumn) 0159 45 0.52 0.57 177.69
   Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) C. K. Schneid. Rosaceae Anmilaximi; Saigulu; Youlubuzhu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0229 9 0.10 0.10 2.63
   Pyracantha fortuneana (Maxim.) H. L. Li Rosaceae Abalugu vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0004 9 0.10 0.10 2.63
   Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Rosaceae   vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) P1410     
   Rosa sp. Rosaceae Haducii vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0128     
   Rubus biflorus Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Rosaceae Cipaaha vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0265 29 0.34 0.34 9.79
   Rubus sp. Rosaceae Ciinaaha vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0172 29 0.34 0.34 9.79
   Sorbus hemsleyi (C. K. Schneid.) Rehder Rosaceae Emaiji vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0274 48 0.56 0.56 135.00
   Sorbus hupehensis C. K. Schneid. Rosaceae Yumaiji vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). Dried and pounded to powder to cure high blood pressure (TC). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0275 48 0.56 0.56 135.00
   Rubia membranacea Diels Rubiaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). CA(spring, summer and autumn) 0121     
   Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Rutaceae   edible condiments Fruit shells, dried, for seasoning (TC). FO-SC-CA (autumn) 0139     
   Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Rutaceae Yehuajiao edible condiments Fruit shells, dried, for seasoning (TC). FO-SC-CA (autumn) 0078 5 0.06 0.08 13.78
   Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Saururaceae Arunaha; Azina vitamine & functional food, vegetable Tender leaves, stems and roots, fried, or cold and dressed with sauce (TC). Leaves, boiled in water (TC). CA-UA (all seasons) 0044 74 0.86 1.21 2164.50
   Schisandra sp. Schisandraceae   beverage Fruits, for making liqueur (TC) FO (spring)      
   Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen Urticaceae Pimi vegetable Young shoots and flower, eaten raw (AB). SC-CA-UA (spring) 0143 12 0.14 0.14 8.10
   Verbena officinalis L. Verbenaceae   vegetable, vitamine & functional food Whole plant, boiled in water (TC). SC-CA-UA (all seasons) 0014 11 0.13 0.13 96.80
   Viola sp. Violaceae Lagagudu; Lagaseimei vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (AB). FO-CA-UA(summer and autumn) 0180 4 0.05 0.05 1.35
   Ampelopsis delavayana Planch. Vitaceae Gaiha vitamine & functional food Fruits, eaten raw (TC). FO-CA-UA (summer and autumn) 0084     
Gymnosperm           
   Pinus armandi Franch. Pinaceae Situo carbohydrates Seeds, eaten raw (TC). FO-SC (autumn) 0250 10 0.12 0.12 2.25
Fern           
   Equisetum hyemale L. Equisetaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (AB). CA (spring, summer and autumn)      
   Adiantum sp. Pteridaceae   forage Aerial part, eaten raw or boiled in water (TC). FO (spring, summer and autumn) 0303     
   Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Heller. Pteridaceae Ade vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0222 38 0.44 0.44 51.3
   Pteridium revolutum (Blume) Nakai Pteridaceae Angzhide vegetable Leaves, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0267 38 0.44 0.44 51.3
Mushroom           
   Auricularia sp. Auriculariaceae Muer vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) P1416     
   Boletus edulis Bull. Boletaceae Chumugulu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0342 8 0.09 0.09 4.80
   Tylopilus balloui (Peck) Sing Boletaceae Niuganjun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn)      
   Tylopilus sp. Boletaceae Bamu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn)   10 0.12 0.12 5.20
   Cantharellus cibarius Fr. Cantharellaceae Jiyoujun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) P1405 10 0.12 0.12 6.00
   Cordyceps sobolifera (Hill.) Berk. et Br. Clavicipitaceae Chongcao vitamine & functional food Fruit body, stewed (TC). FO (summer)      
   Entoloma clypeatum (L.) P. Kumm. Entolomataceae Yiwojun vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) P1406     
   Gomphus sp. Gomphaceae Labajun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn)      
   Hericium sp. Hericiaceae Houtoujun vegetable Fruit body, stewed (TC). FO (spring, summer and autumn)   5 0.06 0.06 2.60
   Laccaria laccata (Scop.) Cooke Hydnangiaceae Tashimu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0282     
   Hygrophorus sp. Hygrophoraceae Huanglasan vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (autumn)   3 0.03 0.03 1.80
   Engleromyces sp. Hypocreaceae Zhujun vegetable Fruit body, dried and stewed (TC). FO (summer)      
   Lentinula sp. Marasmiaceae Zhemu vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn)   6 0.07 0.07 3.60
   Morchella esculenta Pers. Morchellaceae Aboduoluoluo vegetable Fruit body, stewed (TC). FO (summer)      
   Coriolus versicolor L. Polyporaceae Lingzhi vitamine & functional food Fruit body, stewed (TC). FO(autumn) P1401     
   Polyporus sp. Polyporaceae Musi vegetable Fruit body, fried (AB). FO-SC (spring and summer) 0278 3 0.03 0.03 1.80
   Ramaria rubri-attenuipes R.H. Petersen & M. Zang Ramariaceae Saobajun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer)   12 0.14 0.14 6.24
   Lactaricus sp. 1 Russulaceae Wenzhishi vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0338 14 0.16 0.16 8.40
   Lactaricus sp. 2 Russulaceae Baipajun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0341 17 0.20 0.20 10.20
   Lactaricus sp. 3 Russulaceae Minuka vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0284     
   Lactarius hatsudake Tanaka Russulaceae Tongbulu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer) 0285     
   Lactarius sp. 4 Russulaceae Angzhishi vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0288     
   Lactarius sp. 5 Russulaceae Jucu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (spring and summer) 0281     
   Russula sp. 1 Russulaceae Kaca vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0286 9 0.10 0.10 5.40
   Russula sp. 2 Russulaceae Zhebu vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0340 9 0.10 0.10 5.40
   Russula sp. 3 Russulaceae Huotanjun vegetable Fruit body, fried (AB). FO (summer)      
   Russula sp. 4 Russulaceae Azimenihu vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0283     
   Russula virescens (schaeff . ex Zanted) Fr. Russulaceae Qingtoujun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (summer)   4 0.05 0.05 2.40
   Thelephora sp. Thelephoraceae Ganbajun vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer)      
   Tricholoma matsutake Sing Thelephoraceae Songmaojun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (autumn)      
   Tricholoma sp. Thelephoraceae Songmaojun vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (autumn)      
   Tricholoma sp. Thelephoraceae Yumu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, fried (TC). FO (autumn)   19 0.22 0.22 41.04
   Lyophyllum fumosum (Pers. : Fr.) P. D. Orton. Tricholomataceae Yiwojun vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer and autumn)      
   Lyophyllum sp. Tricholomataceae Menzher vegetable , stewed (TC). FO (summer and autumn) 0280 31 0.36 0.36 22.32
   Marasmius sp. Tricholomataceae Huangpijun vegetable Fruit body, fried (TC). FO (summer)   3 0.03 0.03 1.80
   Termitomyces sp. 1 Tricholomataceae Mulu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, dried, dried and fried, salted (TC) FO (summer and autumn) P1403 36 0.42 0.42 116.64
   Termitomyces sp. 2 Tricholomataceae Umu vegetable Fruit body, stewed, dried, dried and fried, salted (TC) FO (summer and autumn) P1403     
Lichen           
   Lobaria retigera Trevis. Lobariaceae   vegetable Whole plant, stewed, or cold and dressed with sauce (AB). FO (all seasons) 0219 42 0.49 0.49 3.47
   Lobaria yunnanensis Yoshim Lobariaceae   vegetable Whole plant, stewed, or cold and dressed with sauce (AB). FO (all seasons) 0253 42 0.49 0.49 3.47
   Thamnolia vermicularia (Sw.) Ach. Ex Schae Thamnoliaceae   beverage Whole plant, for making tea (TC). RP (spring)      
Algae           
   Nostoc commune Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault Nostocaceae Baqi vegetable Aerial part, fried (TC). AE (summer) 0279     
   Nostoc sphaeroids Kutz Nostocaceae Bacai i e vegetable Aerial part, fried (TC). FO (summer) P1411     
  1. Species in inventory are ordered from higher to lower plants, and they are arranged firstly by family taxa and then by genus taxa. Vernacular name of wild edibles are written using Chinese pinyin
  2. The types of collecting habitats are based on the characterization proposed by Calabuig (2008)
  3. FC frequency of citation, CFSI cultural food significance index, CI cultural importance index
  4. aPrevalence of use: AB Abandoned, CC currently consumed, TC traditionally consumed
  5. bCollecting habitat: FO Forests (oak woods, pine woods, etc.); SC Scrublands (Pistacia, etc.); AE Aquatic environments (streams, ditch, wet places, etc.); RP Rock places (rocky slopes, rocks, etc.); CA Cultivated areas (orchards, farmland, etc.); UA Urban and periurban areas (villages, roads etc.)
  6. Voucher number with P means voucher photograph number, and the one without P means voucher specimen number