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Table 1 Social characteristics of the sample and study sites

From: Folk knowledge of wild food plants among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, North-West Pakistan

Village name PayorMela LandiKutherzai Zindawar JattyGhbaz Kurachai
Village size (number of families) 36 55 21 42 25
Sample size (number of informants) 18 22 5 18 9
Dependency on livestock as a source of income 75 % 64 % 87 % 55 % 67 %
Informants average age 48.0 ± 18.6 40.9 ± 13.7 36.0 ± 6.5 41.3 ± 12.6 36.7 ± 12.2
Average number of family members 14.9 ± 5.6 12.4 ± 6.6 15.6 ± 6.3 14.7 ± 6.2 10.0 ± 2.4
aMigration ratio 50 % (to mountains) 61 % (to mountains) 50 % (within foothills) 38 % (within foothills) 0
Bilingualism 54 % 25 % 1 % 24 % 8 %
Average/month/head expenditure (in PKR) 931 ± 212 1063 ± 370 941 ± 194 1166 ± 537 1420 ± 457
  1. (a): in two villages people migrate to the mountains, while in two other villages inhabitants migrate within the foothills area during the summer season; a migration ratio of 50 % indicates that half of the families of a village migrate in summer