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Table 4 Most used medicinal plants species for medical categories based on highest fidelity level at Loja province

From: Medicinal plants sold at traditional markets in southern Ecuador

No Medicinal plant species Medical categorya Ip Iu FL value (%)b
1 Matricaria recutita L. Digestive system 57 57 100
2 Gaiadendron punctatum (Ruiz & Pav.) G. Don Respiratory system 44 44 100
3 Ruta graveolens L. Culture-bound syndromes 41 46 89.1
4 Melissa officinalis L. Nervous system 58 85 68.2
5 Equisetum bogotense Kunth General disorders 78 116 67.2
6 Amaranthus hybridus L. Circulatory system 47 73 64.4
7 Viola tricolor L. Dermatological system 46 76 60.5
8 Borago officinalis L. Respiratory system 49 120 40.8
9 Oreocallis grandiflora (Lam.) R. Br. Genitourinary system 40 107 37.4
10 Sambucus nigra L. Respiratory system 65 186 34.9
11 Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume Gynecological system 78 238 32.8
  1. aThe medical categories were adapted from International Classification of Diseases catalogue provided by World Health Organization and applied to 160 medicinal plant species sold at 33 traditional markets within the Loja province, southern Ecuador
  2. Ip = Number of market vendors who independently cited the importance of a specific illness or disease
  3. Iu = Total number of market vendors
  4. bFL value % = Fidelity Level value percentage (0 = the least, 100 = the highest efficiency)