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Table 2 Use categories of Santa María Ixcatlán plant species. Data according to 62 people interviewed in 130 work sessions

From: Ixcatec ethnoecology: plant management and biocultural heritage in Oaxaca, Mexico

Use Native Introduced Total
Fodder 238 30 268
Ornamental 160 110 270a
Medicinal 166 53 219
Edible 72 66 138
Ceremonial 73 55 128
Firewood 44 2 46
Utensils 29 4 33
Living fences 24 6 30
Timber products and construction 27 2 29
Shade 12 11 23
Food aditive (flavor) 9 6 15
Handcrafts 11 1 11
Insects repellent 8 0 8
Soil control 6 2 8
Animals medicine 1 1 6
Facilitatorb 3 2 5
Toys 5 5 5
Alcoholic beverages 2 1 3
Cosmetic 2 1 3
Soap 2 1 3
Paint 3 0 3
Weather predictors 2 0 2
Aromatizing 1 0 1
Tannin source 1 0 1
Water attracter 1 0 1
Glues 1 0 1
Poisons 1 0 1
Unknown 150 3 153
TOTAL 589 191 780
  1. a = 132 species are considered “luxury of houses”, 80 as “luxury of the mountain”, and 59 as “luxury of houses and mountain”; b = Plants used as stake, hosts and nurse plant