Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Examples of species richness and diversity maintained in agroforestry systems (AFS) in different tropical, temperate and arid zones of the World

From: TEK and biodiversity management in agroforestry systems of different socio-ecological contexts of the Tehuacán Valley

Reference Environment Region AFS Species richness Diversity % of species from forest Taxa evaluated
Bhagwat et al. (2008) [27] Tropical General review General review N/A N/A 60 % General
Toledo and Moguel (2012) [66] Tropical Puebla, México Coffee plantations 140 N/A   Plants
Steffan-Dewenter et al. (2007) [68] Tropical Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Cocoa plantations 189 trees   40 % Trees
166 herbs N/A Herbs
208 insects   40 % Insects
Sonwa et al. (2007) [91] Tropical Central and southern Cameroon, Cocoa plantations 203 Sørensen 0.44   Trees
Shannon 3.7  
Simpson 0.12  
   70 % Ants
30 N/A N/A Ants
Asase and Tetteh (2010) [74] Tropical Adjeikrom, Ghana Cocoa plantations 27 Shannon 2.46 N/A Trees
Other crops 31 AFS 2.6 Forest 4.94 N/A
Okubo et al. (2010) [63] Tropical Java, Indonesia Bamboo gardens 76 Shannon: 1.66 N/A Trees
Vallejo et al. (2014) [49] Temperate Tehuacán Valley, Mexico Maize fields 79 N/A 43 % Trees and shrubs
Moreno-Calles et al. (2010) [15] Arid Tehuacán Valley, Mexico Maize fields 73 N/A 59 % Plants
Nabhan (1987, 2007) [24, 54] Arid Northern Mexico Cultivated oasis 139 N/A N/A Plants
103 N/A N/A Birds
14 N/A N/A Mammals
Blanckaert et al. (2007) [45] Arid Tehuacán Valley, México Maize fields 161 N/A 49 % Herbs
  1. N/A The information was not available in the revised article