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Table 1 Classification of living things by the Mixtecs of Santa Catarina Estetla, Oaxaca

From: Traditional knowledge and use of wild mushrooms by Mixtecs or Ñuu savi, the people of the rain, from Southeastern Mexico

General classification Mixtec name Examples of subclasses and Mixtec name
Animals kɨtɨ, tɨ- Animal house (domestic) “kɨtɨ tata”; animal field (wild) “kɨtɨ yuku”; animal harmful (injurious) “kɨtɨ kui´na
Trees and shrubsa yutnu, tnu- Pine tree “tnuyusa”, oak “tnuyaa”, chamizo “tnutau”, carrizo “tnuyoo
Herbs yɨ´ɨ, ku´u, yukú Herbs “ku´u”, flower “ita”, grass “ite
Mushrooms xi´i Good mushroom (edible mushroom) “xi´i va´a”, mushroom that is eaten (xi´i saxio)
Mushroom bad (poisonous mushroon) or crazy mushroom “xi´i kue´e”, mushroom that is not eaten “xi´i un tu saxío
Frog mushroom “xi´i la´va”, Toad mushroom “xi´i la´va ndɨ´yɨ
Mushroom growing on the dry stump “xi´i kene nuu ntu´u”,xi´i kene nuu yutnu
Mushroom that grows on the soil “xi´i kene nuu ñu´u
Mushroom that grows on manure “xi´i nuu ka´ava
Mushroom that grows on the leaf litter “xi´i kene nuu vixi
  1. aIncludes shrubs, woody monocots and robust herbaceous plants