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Table 4 Species of wild mushrooms with potential use as food or medicine identified in the Mixtec studied communities

From: Traditional knowledge and use of wild mushrooms by Mixtecs or Ñuu savi, the people of the rain, from Southeastern Mexico

Taxa Mixtec name Use Substrate Habitat TG Mixtec community
Ascomycetes
Helvella acetabulum (L.) Quél. xi’i kue´e E S Q EM 1
Helvella crispa (Scop.) Fries xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q EM 1
Helvella elastica Bull. xi’i kue´e E S Q EM 1
Helvella lactea Boud. xi’i kue´e E S Q EM 1
Helvella lacunosa s. l. Afzelius ex Fries. xi’i kue´e E, PP S P-Q, Q EM 1
Hypomyces macrosporus Seaver xi´i lo´o ya´a E M P MY 1
Basidiomycetes
Amanita fulva Fr. xi´i la´ava E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Amanita rubescens (Pers.: Fr.) S.F. Gray. xi´i la´ava ndɨ´yɨ E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Amanita sect. caesarea (Scop.:Fr.) Pers. xi´i naa PP S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Amanita vaginata (Bull.) Lam. xi´i la´ava E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Armillaria tabescens (Scop.) Emel xi´i yutnu E W Q, P-Q P 1
Astraeus hygrometricus (Pers.: Pers.) Morgan. xi’i chɨndɨɨ PP S Q, G EM 1
Austroboletus betula (Schwein.) E. Horak xi´i taka E S P, P-Q EM 1
Austroboletus gracilis (Peck) Wolfe xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Boletellus aff. ananas (M.A. Curtis) Murrill xi’i kue´e E S Q EM 1
Boletopsis grisea (Peck) Bondartsev & Singer xi´i taka E, PP S Q EM 1
Boletus aereus Bull. xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Boletus aff. erythropus Pers. xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Boletus bicolor Raddi xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Boletus edulis s.l. Bull. ex Fr. xi´i taka ya´a PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Boletus pinophilus Pilát & Dermek xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Butyriboletus regius (Krombh.) Arora & J.L. Frank xi´i taka tikue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Cantharellus “cibarius” sp. 1 xi´i veya PP S Q, P, P-Q EM 1, 2
Cantharellus “cibarius” sp. 2 xi´i veya PP S Q, P, P-Q EM 1, 2
Cantharellus cinnabarinus (Schwein.) Schwein. xi’i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Chroogomphus jamaicensis (Murrill) O.K. Mill xi’i kue´e E S Q EM 1
Clavulina rugosa (Bull.) J. Schröt xi´i ndɨkɨ idu E S Q EM 1
Clitocybe gibba (Pers.) P. Kumm. xi’i kue´e E H Q S 1
Coprinus comatus (O. F. Müll.) Pers. xi´i nuu ka´ava ntukutu E H G S 1, 2
Craterellus cornucopioides (L.) Pers. xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Craterellus lutescens (Fr.) Fr. xi’i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Craterellus tubaeformis (Fr.) Quél. xi’i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Frostiella russellii (Frost) Murrill xi´i taka tɨkue´e E S P, P-Q EM 1
Hydnum repandum L.: Fr. xi´i tɨntaku PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Hygrophorus russula (Schaeff.) Kauffman xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Imleria aff. badia (Fr.) Vizzini xi´i taka E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Laccaria amethystina Cooke xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Laccaria aff. bicolor (Maire) Orton xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Laccaria laccata s. l. (Scop.: Fr.) Cooke. xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Lactarius aff. piperatus (L.) Pers. xi’i kue´e PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Lactarius aff. vellereus (Fr.) Fr. xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Lactarius indigo (Schwein.) Fr. xi´i kuilu E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Lactarius torminosus (Schaeff.) Gray xi´i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Lentinus crinitus (L.) Fr. xi´i yutnu E W Q, P-Q S 1, 2
Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff. xi’i kue´e E H G S 1, 2
Lycoperdon aff. spadiceum Pers. xi’i kue´e E H G S 1
Lycoperdon perlatum Pers. xi’i kue´e E H G S 1, 2
Lyophyllum decastes (Fr.) Singer xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Macrolepiota procera (Scop.) Singer xi´i la´ava ndɨ´yɨ E H P S 1, 2
Ramaria botrytis (Pers.) Ricken. xi´i ndɨkɨ idu PP S Q EM 1, 2
Ramaria flava Quel. xi´i ndɨkɨ idu PP S Q EM 1, 2
Rhizopogon roseolus (Corda) Th. Fr. xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q EM 1
Russula brevipes Peck. xi´i ya’a E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Russula cyanoxantha (Sch.) Fr. xi´i ya’a E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Russula delica Fr. xi’i kue´e E, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Russula grata Britzelm. xi´i ya’a E S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Russula rosea Pers. xi´i ya’a E S Q, P-Q EM 1,
Sparassis crispa (Wulfen) Fr. xi’i kue´e E W P, P-Q S 1
Strobilomyces confusus Singer xi’i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Suillellus luridus (Schaeff.) Murrill xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Suillus collinitus (Fr.) Kuntze xi´i taka kuaan E, PP S P, P-Q EM 1
Tremellodendron schweinitzii (Peck) G.F. Atk. xi’i kue´e E S Q, P-Q EM 1
Tricholoma equestre (L.) P. Kumm. xi’i kue´e Ea, PP S Q, P-Q EM 1
Tylopilus felleus (Bull.) P. Karst. xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1, 2
Xerocomellus chrysenteron (Bull.) Šutara xi´i taka E S Q, P-Q EM 1
  1. aDespite that in general this species is considered edible and widely used as food, it can be toxic if consumed in great ammounts [98]. The nomenclature is based on the Index fungorum [36] and the ectomycorrhizal status in Rinaldi et al. [96] and Comandini et al. [97]. E edible in other regions of Mexico, PP with pharmacological potential, M mushroom, H humus, S soil, W wood debris, O other, G grassland, P Pinus forest (Mixed forests of Pinus oaxacana, P. lawsonii, P. michoacana, P. devoniana and P. pringlei), Q Quercus forest (Mixed forests of Quercus magnoliifolia, Q. castanea, Q. urbanii, Q. rugosa, Q. laurina and Q. acutifolia), P-Q forest of Pinus spp.-Quercus spp., TDF tropical deciduous forest, C crop, TG trophic group, EM ectomycorrhizal, MY mycoparasite, S saprobic. Mixtec community: 1: Santa Catarina Estetla; 2: San Juan Yuta; 3: San Miguel Tulancingo; 4: San Andrés Yutatio (numbers correspond to map in Fig. 1)