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Table 3 Folk medicinal plant uses recorded in Tormik Valley, Karakorum Mountain Range

From: Ethnobotany of the Balti community, Tormik valley, Karakorum range, Baltistan, Pakistan

Latin name/family/voucher number Local name Parts used Drug description Diseases treated RFCi (n = 69) PRi
Allium carolinianum Redoute.
Alliaceae
QAU 127126
Chong Bulb A fresh bulb decoction is taken three times a day while a bulb paste is applied topically on painful joints and bones Gastrointestinal disorders, bone or joint pain 0.17 1
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit.
Asteraceae
QAU 127156
Khobustae Flower & leaves The flowers and leaves are boiled and the decoction is taken twice a day Abdominal worms, urethritis 0.20 2
Berberis pseudumbellata R. Parker
Berberidaceae
QAU 127186
Skiorbu Flower, fruit, seed Seeds and fresh fruits are eaten while a flower decoction is recommended three times a day Jaundice 0.39 3
Bergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb.
Saxifragaceae
QAU 127281
Schapur Rhizome A decoction of rhizome is taken twice a day while a paste is applied topically on eyelids Stomach ulcer, eye ache 0.30 3
Cicer microphyllum Royle.
Fabaceae
QAU 127253
Stranjungstwa Whole plant Fresh plants are collected and cooked in water as a vegetable. It is suggested the plant is eaten raw once a day Kidney stones, urinary problems 0.32 3
Convolvulus arvensis L.
Convolvulaceae
QAU 127220
Thringthringmo Whole plant Fresh plants are boiled in water as a vegetable and eaten with wheat bread twice a day Constipation 0.48 4
Cousinia thomsonii C.B.Clarke.
Asteraceae
QAU 127162
Charchu Flower The flower is boiled in water and applied topically on infected areas as needed Dermatitis 0.14 1
Delphinium brunonianum Royle
Ranunculaceae
QAU 127278
Makhoting Whole plant The whole plant is dried and ground with water and the paste is then applied on the head as hair tonic Hair tonic 0.36 3
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl
Brassicaceae
QAU 127197
Khashir Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is made and recommended thrice daily Asthma, constipation 0.16 1
Equisetum arvense L.
Equisetaceae
QAU 127121
Thangshing stwa Whole plant A decoction of the whole plants is taken twice daily Urinary tract disorders 0.28 1
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.
Polygonaceae
QAU 127266
Bro Seed The seeds are ground and the powder is taken with water three times a day as needed Stomach ulcer, tumour, jaundice 0.45 4
Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica L.
Eleagnaceae
QAU 127225
Karsoq Fruit & leaves A fresh fruit paste is taken twice daily while a decoction of leaves is taken twice a day/a leaf paste is rubbed on infected parts Gastrointestinal disorders,dermatitis 0.51 5
Hyoscyamus niger L.
Solanaceae
QAU 127297
Landungstwa Seed The seeds are ground with water and the paste is applied on aching teeth and gums twice a day Toothache 0.12 1
Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb.
Cupressaceae
QAU 127123
Shukpa Fruit The fresh fruits are boiled and the decoction is taken twice a day as needed Stomach ulcer, fever 0.13 1
Mentha royleana Wall.
Lamiaceae
QAU 127139
Foling Leaves A decoction of leaves is made and taken three times a day Abdominal pain & gastric problems 0.42 4
Onosma hispida Wall. & G.Don.
Boraginaceae
QAU 127193
Kangmar Whole plant The whole plant is cooked in water as a vegetable and taken twice a day as needed Jaundice, constipation 0.25 2
Pimpinella diversifolia DC.
Apiaceae
QAU 127140
Kohniod Whole plant The whole plant is boiled in water and the soup is taken three times a day Fever, stomach ulcer, as a blood purifier 0.26 2
Pleurospermum candollei (DC.) Benth. ex C.B. Clarke
Apiaceae
QAU 127141
Braqshundun Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is made and taken twice a day Jaundice 0.32 3
Pulsatilla wallichiana Ulbr.
Ranunculaceae
QAU 127280
Zgiongmonana Loqparimandoq Flower Dried flowers are ground and the powder is applied topically on infected skin twice a day Dermatitis 0.13 1
Rheum australe D.Don.
Polygonaceae
QAU 127272
Shoot Root The fresh and clean root is boiled in water and the decoction is given three times a day Asthma, fever, pneumonia 0.38 3
Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Polygonaceae
QAU 127271
Rashona Leaves The leaves are first boiled and chopped; then the paste is applied on infected skin two times in a day Dermatitis 0.19 1
Solanum nigrum L.
Solanaceae
QAU 127295
Drumbashokhlo Fruit The fruits are toasted and applied to aching teeth three times in a day Toothache 0.23 2
Tanacetum falconeri Hook.f.
Asteraceae
QAU 127180
Tyalo Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is recommended once a day Body ache, fever 0.36 3
Thymus linearis Benth.
Lamiaceae
QAU 127243
Tumbruk Flower Flowers are boiled in water and the decoction is taken twice daily Abdominal pain, vomiting 0.54 5
Tribulus terrestris L.
Zygophyllaceae
QAU 127310
Kokoring Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is taken orally twice a day, whereas for body itching the decoction is used as a bath Urinary disorders,body itching 0.33 3
Urtica dioica L.
Urticaceae
QAU 127308
Khaeshing Whole plant The whole plant is boiled in water and the decoction is taken orally thrice daily, whereas boiled and chopped leaves are applied on pimples and pustules Joint pain, blood tonic, pimples 0.28 2
  1. RFCi relative frequency citation index, PRi preference ranking index