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Table 3 Folk medicinal plant uses recorded in Tormik Valley, Karakorum Mountain Range

From: Ethnobotany of the Balti community, Tormik valley, Karakorum range, Baltistan, Pakistan

Latin name/family/voucher number Local name Parts used Drug description Diseases treated RFCi (n = 69) PRi
Allium carolinianum Redoute. Alliaceae QAU 127126 Chong Bulb A fresh bulb decoction is taken three times a day while a bulb paste is applied topically on painful joints and bones Gastrointestinal disorders, bone or joint pain 0.17 1
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. Asteraceae QAU 127156 Khobustae Flower & leaves The flowers and leaves are boiled and the decoction is taken twice a day Abdominal worms, urethritis 0.20 2
Berberis pseudumbellata R. Parker Berberidaceae QAU 127186 Skiorbu Flower, fruit, seed Seeds and fresh fruits are eaten while a flower decoction is recommended three times a day Jaundice 0.39 3
Bergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb. Saxifragaceae QAU 127281 Schapur Rhizome A decoction of rhizome is taken twice a day while a paste is applied topically on eyelids Stomach ulcer, eye ache 0.30 3
Cicer microphyllum Royle. Fabaceae QAU 127253 Stranjungstwa Whole plant Fresh plants are collected and cooked in water as a vegetable. It is suggested the plant is eaten raw once a day Kidney stones, urinary problems 0.32 3
Convolvulus arvensis L. Convolvulaceae QAU 127220 Thringthringmo Whole plant Fresh plants are boiled in water as a vegetable and eaten with wheat bread twice a day Constipation 0.48 4
Cousinia thomsonii C.B.Clarke. Asteraceae QAU 127162 Charchu Flower The flower is boiled in water and applied topically on infected areas as needed Dermatitis 0.14 1
Delphinium brunonianum Royle Ranunculaceae QAU 127278 Makhoting Whole plant The whole plant is dried and ground with water and the paste is then applied on the head as hair tonic Hair tonic 0.36 3
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl Brassicaceae QAU 127197 Khashir Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is made and recommended thrice daily Asthma, constipation 0.16 1
Equisetum arvense L. Equisetaceae QAU 127121 Thangshing stwa Whole plant A decoction of the whole plants is taken twice daily Urinary tract disorders 0.28 1
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. Polygonaceae QAU 127266 Bro Seed The seeds are ground and the powder is taken with water three times a day as needed Stomach ulcer, tumour, jaundice 0.45 4
Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica L. Eleagnaceae QAU 127225 Karsoq Fruit & leaves A fresh fruit paste is taken twice daily while a decoction of leaves is taken twice a day/a leaf paste is rubbed on infected parts Gastrointestinal disorders,dermatitis 0.51 5
Hyoscyamus niger L. Solanaceae QAU 127297 Landungstwa Seed The seeds are ground with water and the paste is applied on aching teeth and gums twice a day Toothache 0.12 1
Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb. Cupressaceae QAU 127123 Shukpa Fruit The fresh fruits are boiled and the decoction is taken twice a day as needed Stomach ulcer, fever 0.13 1
Mentha royleana Wall. Lamiaceae QAU 127139 Foling Leaves A decoction of leaves is made and taken three times a day Abdominal pain & gastric problems 0.42 4
Onosma hispida Wall. & G.Don. Boraginaceae QAU 127193 Kangmar Whole plant The whole plant is cooked in water as a vegetable and taken twice a day as needed Jaundice, constipation 0.25 2
Pimpinella diversifolia DC. Apiaceae QAU 127140 Kohniod Whole plant The whole plant is boiled in water and the soup is taken three times a day Fever, stomach ulcer, as a blood purifier 0.26 2
Pleurospermum candollei (DC.) Benth. ex C.B. Clarke Apiaceae QAU 127141 Braqshundun Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is made and taken twice a day Jaundice 0.32 3
Pulsatilla wallichiana Ulbr. Ranunculaceae QAU 127280 Zgiongmonana Loqparimandoq Flower Dried flowers are ground and the powder is applied topically on infected skin twice a day Dermatitis 0.13 1
Rheum australe D.Don. Polygonaceae QAU 127272 Shoot Root The fresh and clean root is boiled in water and the decoction is given three times a day Asthma, fever, pneumonia 0.38 3
Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Polygonaceae QAU 127271 Rashona Leaves The leaves are first boiled and chopped; then the paste is applied on infected skin two times in a day Dermatitis 0.19 1
Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae QAU 127295 Drumbashokhlo Fruit The fruits are toasted and applied to aching teeth three times in a day Toothache 0.23 2
Tanacetum falconeri Hook.f. Asteraceae QAU 127180 Tyalo Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is recommended once a day Body ache, fever 0.36 3
Thymus linearis Benth. Lamiaceae QAU 127243 Tumbruk Flower Flowers are boiled in water and the decoction is taken twice daily Abdominal pain, vomiting 0.54 5
Tribulus terrestris L. Zygophyllaceae QAU 127310 Kokoring Whole plant A decoction of the whole plant is taken orally twice a day, whereas for body itching the decoction is used as a bath Urinary disorders,body itching 0.33 3
Urtica dioica L. Urticaceae QAU 127308 Khaeshing Whole plant The whole plant is boiled in water and the decoction is taken orally thrice daily, whereas boiled and chopped leaves are applied on pimples and pustules Joint pain, blood tonic, pimples 0.28 2
  1. RFCi relative frequency citation index, PRi preference ranking index