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Table 2 Plants native to Poland and alien plants which have wild populations in the region sold in south-eastern Poland in open-air markets

From: Wild and native plants and mushrooms sold in the open-air markets of south-eastern Poland

Latin name - taxa which are exclusively or mainly collected from the wild are written in bold Voucher specimen no. starting from WA00000 Frequency: 1 – one seller, 2- two sellers, 3 – more than two sellers Name used in the market Native status Form of sale Origin of sold plants Purpose of sale
R J L P
Achillea millefolium L. 52313 1     krwawnik R pots cult. & wild med.
Aconitum firmum Rchb.a   1     tojad P pots cult. orn.
Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton 52314 1     tatarak A pots cult. orn.
Ajuga reptans L. 52315 2   2 1 dąbrówka R pots cult. orn.
Alchemilla vulgaris L. 52316 2 1 1   przywrotnik R pots cult. orn.
Allium ursinum L. b 52317 3 3   3 czosnek niedźwiedzi R pots, leaves cult. & wild food, orn.
Anemone pulsatilla L. 52318 3 3 3 2 sasanka P pots cult. orn.
Anemone sylvestris L.b 52319 1 1 2   zawilec leśny, zawilec biały R pots cult. orn.
Anemone vernalis L.b   3 3 2 2 sasanka P pots cult. orn.
Arabis alpina L. 52309 3 1 2 1 gęsiówka P pots cult. orn.
Arenaria serpyllifolia L. 52320 2   1 1 piaskowiec P pots cult. orn.
Armeria maritima Willd. 52321 3 3 3   zawciąg R pots cult. orn.
Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn.   3 3 3 3 chrzan A roots cult. & wild food (spice)
Artemisia absinthium L. 52322 3 1 1   piołun R bare rooted plants cult. & wild med.
Aruncus dioicus (Walter) Fernald 52323    1    R pots cult. orn.
Asarum europaeum L. 52324 1   1 1 kopytnik r pots cult. orn.
Asparagus officinalis L. 52325 1     szparag r bare rooted plants cult. food
Astrantia major L. 52326    1   jarzmianka r pots cult. orn.
Bellis perennis L. 52327 3 2 2 1 stokrotka r bouquets, pots cult. orn.
Berberis vulgaris L. 52328    1   berberys r fruits cult. food
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull 52329 3 3 3 2 wrzos r pots cult. andwild orn.
Caltha palustris L. 52330 1    1 kaczyniec, kaczeniec r pots wild orn.
Campanula glomerata L.   1 1 2   dzwonek r pots cult. orn.
Campanula persicifolia L.   2   2 1 dzwonek r pots cult. orn.
Cardamine glandulifera O.Schwarz   1     - r bare rooted plants cult. orn.
Carlina acaulis L.b 52331 1   1   dziewięćsił r pots cult. orn.
Carum carvi L. 52332 1     kminek r pots cult. spice
Centaurea scabiosa L.       - r pots cult. orn.
Convallaria majalis L. 52333 3 3 2 3 konwalia r pots, bouquets cult. & wild orn.
Corylus avellana L.   3 3 3 3 orzech laskowy r fruits cult. & wild food
Crataegus spp.   2 1   1 głóg r fruits wild food, alc., med.
Crocus vernus (L.) Hill (including Crocus scepusiensis (Rehm. et Woł. b)   2     krokus fioletowy p pots cult. orn.
Cyanus montanus (L.) Hill. 52334   1    chaber r pots cult. orn.
Cyanus segetum Hill. 52335 2 3 2 1 bławatek a bouquets, wreaths wild orn.
Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link 52336 2 1    żarnowiec (żółty) r pots cult. orn.
Daucus carota L.   3 3 3 3 marchew r roots cult. food
Delphinium elatum L. 52337 3 2 3 2 ostróżka r pots cult. orn.
Dianthus carthusianorum L.   1    1 kartuzek r pots cult. orn.
Dianthus plumarius L. 52338 3 1 2 1 pierzasty ochr. p pots cult. orn.
Dictamnus albus L. a 52339 1 1 1   gorejący krzew Mojżesza p pots cult. orn.
Digitalis grandiflora Mill.b 52340 1 2 1   naparstnica r pots cult. orn.
Digitalis purpurea L.   3 1 2 1 naparstnica a pots cult. orn.
Dryas octopetala L. 52341    1   dębik p pots cult. orn.
Echinops exaltatus Schrad.   2    1 przegorzan a pots cult. orn.
Echinops sphaerocephalus L. 52342 1    1 przegorzan a doniczki cult. orn.
Eryngium planum L. 52375 1     mikołajek r bukiety cult. orn.
Euphorbia amygdaloides L. 52343 3 2 2   wilczomlecz r pots cult./wild. orn.
Filipendula vulgaris Moench 52344 1   1   wiązówka r pots cult. orn.
Fragaria vesca L.   3 3 2 2 poziomka r fruits cult. food
Galanthus nivalis L.b 52345 1     śnieżyczka r bouquet cult. orn.
Gypsophila paniculata L.b 52346    1 2 gipsówka bukietowa p pots cult. orn.
Helianthus tuberosus L.   1     topinambur a tubers cult. food, ornamental
Hepatica nobilis Mill. 52347 2 1    przylaszczka r pots cult. and wild orn.
Hypericum perforatum L. 52348 1 1   1 dziurawiec r dried aerial parts wild med.
Inula helenium L.    1 1   oman a pots cult. orn.
Iris pseudacorus L. 52349 3 3 3 2 irys r pots cult. orn.
Iris sibirica L. 52350 3 2 1 2 irys fioletowy r pots cult. orn.
Juniperus communis L.     1   jałowiec r pots cult. orn.
Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.)L.   1     gajowiec r pots cult. orn.
Ledum palustre L. b 52351 3 3 1   bagno r aerial parts wild ins.
Leontopodium nivale (Ten.) Huet ex Hand.-Mazz.a 52352 2 1 1   szarotka r pots cult. orn.
Leucanthemum vulgare (Vaill.) Lam. 52353 3 3 3 3 margaretka/margerytka r bukiety, cult. orn.
Leymus arenarius (L.) Hochst.     1   nadmorska p pots cult. orn.
Ligularia sibirica (L.) Cass.a     1   języczka p pots cult. orn.
Lupinus polyphyllus L.   3 3 2   łubin a pots cult. orn.
Lysimachia punctata L. 52354   1 1   tojeść a pots cult. orn.
Matricaria chamomilla L. 52355 2 1 1   rumianek a inflorescences cult. med.
Matteucia struthiopteris (L.)Tod. 52356     1 paprotka r pots cult. orn.
Myosotis sylvatica Hoffm. 52357 2   1   niezapominajka r pots cult. orn.
Oenothera sp.   1     wiesiołek a pots cult. orn.
Origanum vulgare L. 52358 3 1 1 1 oregano r pots cult. & wild spice
Ornithogalum candicans (Baker) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt     1   galtonia r pots cult. orn.
Ornithogalum umbellatum L.a 52310 3 1   2 śpioch do 2014 r pots cult. orn.
Pinus sylvestris L.   1 2   1 sosna r young shoots wild alc., med.
Polemonium coeruleum L.      1 - p pots cult. orn.
Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All.      1 kokoryczka r pots wild orn.
Primula elatior (L.) Hillb   2 2 1   pierwiosnek r pots cult. orn.
Primula veris L.    1    pierwiosnek r pots cult. orn.
Primula vulgaris Huds. 52359 3 3 3 2 pierwiosnek r pots cult. orn.
Prunus avium L.   3 3 3 3 czereśnia r fruits cult. food
Prunus spinosa L.   2     tarnina r fruits wild alc.
Pulmonaria officinalis L. s.l. 52360 2 1 2   miodunka r pots cult. orn.
Pyrus communis L.   3 3 3 3 gruszka r fruits cult. food
Ribes nigrum L.   3 3 2 2 porzeczka r fruits cult. food, alc.
Ribes uva-crispa L.   2 2 1 2 agrest r fruits cult. food
Rosa canina L. 52361 2 2   2 róża r fruits wild food, alc., med.
Rubus idaeus L.   3 3 3 3 malina r fruits cult. food
Rubus subgenus Rubus   3 2   1 ostrężyna r fruits wild food
Rumex acetosa L. 52362 3 3   3 szczaw r bundles of leaves cult. & wild food
Rumex sanguineus L.     1 1 - r pots cult. food
Salix caprea L. 52363 3 3 2   bazie r leafless twigs with catkins wild cer. for Easter
Salix cf purpurea L.    1 1   wiklina r leafless twigs with catkins, craft material cult. cer. for Easter
Salvia nemorosa L. 52311 2 1 1   szałwia omszona p pots cult. orn.
Sambucus nigra L.   1     czarny bez r racemes of fruits wild food, alc., med.
Sedum acre L. 52364 2 1 1   rozchodnik r pots cult. orn.
Sempervivum globiferum L.   1     rojownik r pots cult. orn.
Silene viscaria (L.) Jess. 52365   1 2 1 smółka r pots cult. orn.
Sorbus aucuparia L.   2    1 jarzębina r fruits wild food, alc., med.
Staphylea pinnata L.   1     kłokoczka r pots cult. orn., religious (making rosaries)
Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. Bip. 52366 1   1   maruna a bouquet cult. orn.
Tanacetum vulgare L. 52367 1     wrotycz r pots, bundles wild med.
Thalictrum aquilegifolium L.     1   rutewka r pots cult. orn.
Thymus serpyllum L. 52368 2 1 1 1   r pots cult. orn.
Tilia cordata Mill. 52369 1     lipa r inflorescences wild med.
Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.) W. D. J. Koch    1 1    a pots cult. orn.
Trollius europaeus L.a   2 2    pełnik r pots cult. orn.
Vaccinium myrtillus L.   3 3 3 3 czarna jagoda r fruits wild food, med.
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.   2 2 1 2 brusznica r fruits wild food
Valeriana officinalis L. 52370   1    kozłek r pots cult. med.
Veronica spicata L. 52371 3   1 1 przetacznik r pots cult. orn.
Viburnum lantana L.    1    kalina p pots wild orn.
Viburnum opulus L. 52372 1 1   1 kalina r fruits wild food, med.
Vinca minor L. 52373 1   1 1 barwinek r pots cult. orn.
Viola alba Besserb   2 1 1   fiołek p pots cult. orn.
Viola odorata L. 52312 2 1   1 fiołek a pots cult. & wild orn.
Viola riviniana Rchb. 52374     1 fiołek p pots cult. orn.
Viscum album L.     1   jemioła r aerial parts wild cer. for Christmas
  1. R Rzeszów, J Jarosław, L Leżajsk, P Przemyśl
  2. r native to the region, p native to Poland but not occurring in the region, a anthropohyte
  3. cult. cultivated, orn. ornamental, alc. alcoholic drinks, med. medicinal, ins. insect repellent, cer. ceremonial
  4. afully protected species, bpartially protected species