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Table 3 Cosmetic plants cited by informants with botanical information

From: Ethnobotanical survey of cosmetic plants used in Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia)

Family Scientific name N/S (1) Biogeographical status (2) Cultivation Abundance (3) Naturalization status (4) Type of plant Local name (N) (1) Local name (S) (1) Number of informants
Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. var. aspera N Pol No 3 Nat Shrublet mokio - 2
Asteraceae Ageratum conyzoides L. N/S Mod No 1 Nat Herbaceous mei’e, mei’e rore mei’e, putara 6
Euphorbiaceae Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd. N/S Pol No 3 Nat Tree ‘ama ‘ama, ti‘a’iri 5
Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. N/S Mod Yes 2 Cult Herbaceous - - 1
Apocynaceae Alyxia stellata var. marquesensis (F.Br.) Fosberg & Sachet N End No 5 - Shrub mei’e papa - 5
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus viridis L. S Pol No 1 Nat Herbaceous - upo‘oti’i 2
Bromeliaceae Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. N/S Mod Yes 1 Subsp Herbaceous - - 3
Apiaceae Anethum graveolens L. N/S Mod Yes 2 Cult Herbaceous taretare - 1
Marratiaceae Angiopteris evecta (J.G. Forst.) Hoffm. N/S Ind No 3 - Fern pa’ahei, puhei pa’ahei 2
Annonaceae Annona muricata L. N/S Mod Yes 1 Subsp Tree - - 4
Moraceae Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex Z) Fosberg N/S Pol Yes 1 Subsp Tree ‘uru, maiore ‘uru 3
Plantaginaceae Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. N Ind No 3 - Herbaceous heiotona - 1
Lecythidaceae Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz N Ind No 3 - Tree hutu - 1
Bixaceae Bixa orellana L. N/S Mod Yes 3 Subsp Shrub roku, peni roku, peni 1
Calophyllaceae Calophyllum inophyllum L. N/S Pol No 2 Nat Tree temanu tamanu, temanu 10
Annonaceae Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson N/S Mod Yes 1 Nat Tree moto’i moto’i 4
Sapindaceae Cardiospermum halicacabum L. N Pol No 3 Adv Vine komoka - 2
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. N/S Mod Yes 1 Nat Shrub - - 1
Poaceae Centotheca lappacea (L.) Desv. S Pol No 3 Nat Herbaceous - ‘ohe’ohe 1
Apocynaceae Cerbera manghas L. N Ind No 3 - Tree ‘eva - 1
Poaceae Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty N/S Mod Yes 2 Cult Herbaceous metie, mouku mouku 8
Rutaceae Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm. & Panz.) Swingle N/S Mod Yes 1 Subsp Shrub hitoro - 10
Rutaceae Citrus hystrix DC. N/S Mod Yes 3 Cult Shrub - remene 5
Rutaceae Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. N Mod Yes 2 Cult Shrub - - 2
Rutaceae Citrus x sinensis (L.) Osbeck N/S Mod Yes 3 Cult Tree anani - 2
Arecaceae Cocos nucifera L. N/S Pol Yes 1 Nat Tree ‘ehi e’ehi 12
Rhamnaceae Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. var. asiatica N/S Ind No 3 - Vine tutu tutu 4
Commelinaceae Commelina diffusa Burm.f. N Mod No 1 Nat Herbaceous heiotona - 1
Cordiaceae Cordia subcordata Lam. N/S Ind Yes 2 - Tree tou tou 1
Asparagaceae Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev. N/S Pol Yes 1 Nat Shrub ‘auti ‘auti 2
Cucurbitaceae Cucumis anguria L. N Mod No 4 Nat Vine kokopa kira - 1
Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa L. N/S Pol Yes 2 Subsp Herbaceous ‘eka ‘ena, re’a 6
Cyperaceae Cyperus mindorensis (Steud.) Huygh N Pol No 1 Nat Herbaceous punie poko tava‘i’e, mutie - 2
Fabaceae Erythrina variegata L. N Pol No 3 Nat Tree kenae - 2
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia hirta L. N Mod No 1 Nat Herbaceous heeheeamata, pokea, eaeamata - 7
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia sachetiana (J. Florence) Govaerts N/S End No 5 - Shrublet - - 1
Gentianaceae Fagraea berteroana A. Gray ex Benth. (syn. F. berteroana var. marquisensis Fosberg & Sachet) native form N/S Ind No 4 - Tree pua ’enana pua, pua ho’ovai ’enata 2
Gentianaceae Fagraea berteroana A. Gray ex Benth. (syn. F. longituba M.L. Grant) introduced form S Mod Yes 2 Cult Tree - pua ho’ovai vaikeka’a 1
Moraceae Ficus prolixa G. Forst. var. prolixa N/S Ind No 3 - Tree aoa aoa 2
Rubiaceae Gardenia jasminoides Ellis N Mod Yes 2 Cult Shrub taina - 2
Rubiaceae Gardenia taitensis DC. N/S Pol Yes 1 Cult Shrub Tia’e, tiare tiare 10
Malvaceae Gossypium hirsutum var. taitense (Parl.) Roberty N Ind No 4 - Shrub haha’avai - 2
Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. S Pol Yes 1 Subsp Shrub - ‘oute pupu 3
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. N/S Pol Yes 1 Cult Vine - ‘uma’a 2
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis (L.) Ooststr. N Ind No 3 - Vine pohue tatahi - 1
Oleaceae Jasminum grandiflorum L. N/S Mod Yes 1 Cult Vine pitate pitate 6
Fabaceae Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit N Mod No 1 Nat Shrub - - 1
Euphorbiaceae Manihot esculenta Crantz N Mod Yes 1 Cult Shrublet ara - 6
Lamiaceae Mentha spp. N/S Mod Yes 1 Cult Herbaceous mati mati 18
Polypodiaceae Microsorum grossum (Langsd. & Fisch.) S.B. Andrews N/S Ind No 2 - Fern papamoko, metuapua’a papamo’o 7
Rubiaceae Morinda citrifolia L. N/S Ind No 1 - Shrub noni noni, nono 7
Fabaceae Mucuna sloanei Fawc. & Rendle var. sloanei N Ind No 3 - Vine ‘auto’u papanuiaohe 3
Musaceae Musa x paradisiaca L. S Pol Yes 1 Cult Herbaceous - - 1
Lamiaceae Ocimum basilicum L. N/S Mod Yes 1 Nat Shrublet miri, mini, miri keka’a miri 8
Convolvulaceae Operculina brownii Ooststr. N Ind No 4 - Vine piatakiohoau - 1
Cactaceae Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill. N Mod Yes 2 Cult Shrub - - 1
Pandanaceae Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Z var. tectorius N/S Ind No 3 - Tree hinako hinano 5
Passifloraceae Passiflora foetida L. S Mod No 2 Nat Vine - pu’u moina 2
Lauraceae Persea americana Mill. N Mod Yes 1 Subsp Tree - - 1
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. N/S Mod No 1 Nat Herbaceous moemoe ‘au’iki, tuitui 2
Solanaceae Physalis angulata L. S Pol No 2 Adv Herbaceous - kariri 2
Lamiaceae Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. N/S Mod Yes 1 Cult Shrublet terevete terevete 1
Apocynaceae Plumeria spp. N/S Mod Yes 1 Cult Shrub tipanie tipanie 1
Araliaceae Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg S Mod Yes 1 Cult Shrub - kafeie 1
Lamiaceae Premna serratifolia L. N/S Ind Yes 1 - Shrub va‘ova’o ‘avaro, va‘ova’o 6
Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. N/S Mod No 2 Nat Shrub tuava - 2
Apocynaceae Rauvolfia nukuhivensis (Fosberg & Sachet) Lorence & Butaud N End No 5 - Tree tu’eiao - 11
Brassicaceae Rorippa sarmentosa (Sol. ex G. Forst. ex DC.) J.F. Macbr. N/S Pol No 1 Nat Herbaceous mahimahi mahimahi 1
Poaceae Saccharum officinarum L. N/S Pol Yes 2 Cult Herbaceous - - 4
Santalaceae Santalum insulare var. marchionense (Skottsb.) Skottsb. N/S End No 4 - Tree puahi, ahi puahi 7
Sapindaceae Sapindus saponaria L. N/S Ind No 2 - Tree koku’u koku’u 3
Asteraceae Sigesbeckia orientalis L. N/S Pol Yes 2 Nat Herbaceous niou niou, riou 2
Anacardiaceae Spondias dulcis Sol. ex Parkinson N Mod Yes 2 Cult Tree vi farani - 1
Myrtaceae Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry N/S Pol Yes 2 Nat Tree ‘ahi’a, kehika Kehi’a, kehi’a ‘enata, kehika 2
Malvaceae Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa N/S Ind No 2 - Tree miro, mi’o mi’o 4
Orchidaceae Vanilla x tahitensis J.W. Moore S Mod Yes 2 Subsp Vine - - 1
Poaceae Zea mays L. N Mod Yes 3 Cult Herbaceous - - 1
Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale Roscoe S Mod Yes 2 Cult Herbaceous re’a blanc   1
Zingiberaceae Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. N/S Pol No 3 Nat Herbaceous kopuhi, ‘opuhi ‘opuhi 5
  1. (1) N = used in Northern Marquesas; S = used in Southern Marquesas
  2. (2) Pol = Polynesian introduction; Mod = modern introduction; Ind = indigenous species; End = endemic to the Marquesas Islands
  3. (3) 1 = very common; 2 = common; 3 = uncommon; 4 = rare; 5 = very rare
  4. (4) Nat = naturalized species; Adv = adventive, weedy species; Subsp = subspontaneous species; Cult = cultivated species