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Table 1 Frigg practise and its transmission per informant. Informants marked with * were not included in the quantitative analysis (MDS)

From: Treating infants with frigg: linking disease aetiologies, medicinal plant use and care-seeking behaviour in southern Morocco

Practitioner code, location (U = urban, R = rural) Age Source of knowledge Knowledge transmitted to younger generations Years of practise Number of plants used Source of plants used Mode of preparation; mode of administration
Ferragga1, U >70 Another ferragga in Marrakech No >40 12 Urban herbalists and harvested from the wild in the high Atlas Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion and massage
Ferragga2, U >80 Mother (family women’s lineage) No >40 6 Urban herbalists Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion
Ferragga3, U ≈50 Mother - 7 8 Urban herbalists Dried ground plants, mixed in olive oil; oral ingestion and massage
Ferragga4, R ≈50 Mother No ≈10 19 Harvested from the wild and cultivated in home garden Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion
Ferragga5, R >70 Another ferragga in Talat N’Yakoub No >40 7 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Decoction in olive oil, filtered; nose drops and oral ingestion
Ferragga6, R >70 Another ferragga in Tamslouht - >20 9 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion
Ferragga7, R ≈50 Mother-in-law No ≈30 10 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion and massage
Ferragga8*, U ≈50 Father No >20 1 - Topic
Ferragga9, R >80 Mother No >60 9 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion, ear and nose drops, massage
Ferragga10, R ≈50 Another ferragga in Maregha No 3 16 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion and massage
Ferragga11, R >80 Mother-in-law No ≈20 16 Rural herbalists and harvested from the wild Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; massage
Ferragga12, R >70 Sister-in-law No >20 12 Urban herbalists Decoction of plants in olive oil, filtered; oral ingestion and massage
Ferragga13*, R ≈60 Mother-in-law Yes 10 - Urban herbalists Dried ground plants, mixed with olive oil; massage
Herbalist1, U ≈40 Father - 18 15 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist2, U 28 Father - 5 7 Wholesalers -
Herbalist3, U 85 Another herbalist in Marrakech - 48 13 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist4, U ≈40 Father and other herbalists in Marrakech - >20 19 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist5, U 42 Father - 32 22 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist6, U ≈50 Father - >30 11 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist7, U ≈50 Father and elder brother - >30 16 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion or mixed with olive oil; oral ingestion, ointment for massage
Herbalist8, R ≈60 Other herbalist in Marrakech - ≈40 9 Wholesalers and collectors (harvested from the wild) Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist9, R ≈30 Grandfather - 11 9 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion
Herbalist10, U ≈50 Father - >20 12 Wholesalers Dried plants infusion; oral ingestion