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Table 1 List of plants mentioned by informants in the study area and botanically classified with at least the botanical family name

From: Traditional knowledge on wild and cultivated plants in the Kilombero Valley (Morogoro Region, Tanzania)

Collection number Family Genus and species Number of citations Folk name Growing habit Wild\ cultivated Main uses Parts used Cured diseases Other uses
08003 Acanthaceae Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine * Mbigiri herb W M leaves wounds  
03003 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. * Mchicha herb C F plant   
01005 Anacardiaceae Schinus sp. * Mpilipili tree W F fruit   
08008 Anacardiaceae Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst * Mbwegere tree W M bark gastrointestinal  
02009 Annonaceae Annona muricata L. * Mstafeli tree C F fruit   
07012 Annonaceae Annona reticulata L. * Topetope tree C F fruit   
01013 Apocynaceae Landolphia kirkii Dyer * Kibanalomo climber W F fruit   
01020 Apocynaceae Saba comorensis (Bojer ex A.DC.) Pichon * Lingombe climber W F fruit   
01033 Apocynaceae Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf ** Mkomba, Mlowolowo tree W M roots, leaves gastrointestinal  
01010 Apocynaceae unidentified * Kihongola shrub W R branches   knives, handles
02015 Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott * Magimbaji herb C F roots, leaves   
02016 Araceae Colocasia sp. * Magimblima herb C F roots   
05030 Araceae Philodendron sp. * Mtambala panya herb W M leaves respiratory  
02017 Arecaceae Elaeis guineensis Jacq. * Mchikichi palm C F fruit   
01021 Arecaceae Phoenix reclinata Jacq. * Ukindu palm W R leaves   baskets, mats
01039 Arecaceae unidentified * Msalisi palm W F leaves   
01009 Asparagaceae Asparagus flagellaris (Kunth) Baker * Mwinika herb W F plant   
08007 Bignoniaceae Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth *** Mfungutua, Mfumbili tree W M, O bark, fruit pain and inflammations, gastrointestinal  
03002 Brassicaceae Brassica sp. * Chinese herb C F, M leaves gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital  
03011 Brassicaceae unidentified * Figiri, Leshuu herb C F, M leaves, plant pain and inflammations, cardio-circulatory  
04015 Caricaceae Carica papaya L. * Mpapai tree C F fruit   
01025 Cecropiaceae Myrianthus holstii Engl. * Mfusa tree W F fruit   
01023 Clusiaceae Allanblackia stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl * Mkanyi tree W F fruit   
01003 Combretaceae Combretum sp. * Mlama tree W R plant   charcoal, traditional beehives
06006 Combretaceae Terminalia catappa L. * Mkungu tree C F, R fruit, plant   firewood
04006 Compositae Bidens pilosa L. * Mashona nguo herb W F leaves   
05024 Compositae Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don * Muelishi herb W F leaves   
01016 Compositae Lactuca inermis Forssk. ** Mchunga herb W F leaves   
01007 Compositae unidentified * Jungujungu herb W M leaves wounds  
05016 Compositae unidentified * Mnyamgoha herb W M plant gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital  
05023 Compositae unidentified * Munosa herb W M flowers eyes disesaes  
07004 Compositae unidentified * Mganagana herb W M plant typhus  
04003 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. ** Kiazi kitam herb C F roots   
02010 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea sp. * Matembele herb C M, F leaves weakness and faints  
08001 Convolvulaceae unidentified * Kaberega herb W M leaves gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital  
02014 Crassulaceae Kalanchoe sp. * Msharif succulent C M leaves gastrointestinal, cardio-circulatory  
04005 Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita sp. * Majani ya Maboga, Maboga herb C F leaves   
01029 Cucurbitaceae Momordica foetida Schumach. * Delega herb W F leaves   
04013 Cucurbitaceae Telfairia pedata (Sm.) Hook. * Mkweme climber C F seeds   
03005 Cyperaceae unidentified * Makangaga herb W R plant   roof cover
02020 Dracaenaceae Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. * Msae shrub C O plant   fence, decoration
01019 Dracaenaceae Dracaena mannii Baker * Mshindamaji shrub W M leaves, bark gastrointestinal, parasites, aphrodisiac  
01004 Ebenaceae Diospyros loureiroana G.Don * Mdaa, Nyakatitu shrub W O plant   colorant
01035 Euphorbiaceae Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill. * Mwiza tree W R, O log, bark   roof frames, colorant
01012 Euphorbiaceae Jatropha sp. * Mtowo shrub W R bark   ropes and strings
02022 Euphorbiaceae Manihot esculenta Crantz *** Kisamvu shrub C F leaves, roots   
06002 Lamiaceae Gmelina arborea Roxb. * Mfudufudu tree C R log   furniture
07011 Lamiaceae Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. * Kitengetenge herb C M leaves malaria, hernia, typhus  
05040 Lamiaceae Ocimum gratissimum L. * Mfumbeza herb W M plant incontinence  
02013 Lamiaceae Ocimum tenuiflorum L. * Mvumbasi, Mlumbasi shrub C M leaves teeth an gums insect repellent
02019 Lamiaceae Tectona grandis L.f. * Mtiki tree C R log   furniture
04002 Lamiaceae unidentified * Mwidu herb W F leaves   
05005 Lamiaceae unidentified * Nyaka bondwa herb W M roots snake bites  
05025 Lamiaceae unidentified * Muhesita herb W M plant children incontinence  
08005 Lamiaceae unidentified * Mjekijeki herb W M leaves wounds  
09012 Lamiaceae unidentified * Uftapori herb W M leaves malaria  
01040 Lamiaceae Vitex doniana Sweet **** Mcoga, Mfulu tree W M, F, R bark, leaves, fruits, log weakness and faints spoons, carved objects
09003 Leguminosae Abrus precatorius L. * Ufambo, Kizunguzungu climber W M leaves weakness and faints  
05010 Leguminosae Acacia sp. * Mtalula tree W M leaves, roots gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital  
07001 Leguminosae Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Arn * Mkalati tree W M bark gastrointestinal  
05038 Leguminosae Albizia schimperiana Oliv. * Msere tree W R branches   handles
05039 Leguminosae Bauhinia petersiana Bolle ** Myegea, Msegese tree WC M bark respiratory, diabetes  
03008 Leguminosae Brachystegia sp. * Miombo tree W R, O plant, pollen   charcoal, bee plant
04008 Leguminosae Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. *** Mbaazi shrub C M, F, R leaves, seeds, plant teeth and gums, otitis firewood
05017 Leguminosae Crotalaria sp. * Muvele herb W M leaves headaches  
05012 Leguminosae Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr. * Mpingo, Mningo tree W O log, leaves   carved objects, furniture, ritual against snakes
01011 Leguminosae Entada sp. * Lifute climber W P, O leaves, bark   strong detergent
01037 Leguminosae Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan * Mbaraka, Muhehe tree W R log   furniture
09010 Leguminosae Piliostigma thonningii * Msegete tree W M leaves gastrointestinal, gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital  
01001 Leguminosae Pterocarpus angolensis DC. ** Mninga, Mnynga tree W R, M log, bark gynaecological, andrological and urinogenital furniture
05006 Leguminosae Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby * Msonobari, Mjohoro tree WC M, R roots, plant   firewood
10003 Leguminosae Tamarindus indica L. ** Mkwaju tree WC M, F leaves, fruit respiratory, gastrointestinal parasites
01043 Leguminosae unidentified * Likunde herb W F flowers   
04009 Leguminosae unidentified * Linyala shrub W F leaves   
04014 Leguminosae unidentified * Fiwi climber C F seeds   
05008 Leguminosae unidentified * Mfuna herb W M plant weakness and faints  
05015 Leguminosae unidentified * Mugoba tree W M leaves respiratory  
05029 Leguminosae unidentified * Mkalangangumbi herb C O leaves   ritual to increase chicken growth
08006 Leguminosae unidentified * Liwowo shrub W F leaves   
08010 Leguminosae unidentified * Msawere climber W M roots headaches  
09013 Leguminosae unidentified * Limbatamba shrub W M roots, leaves cardio-circulatory  
05046 Liliaceae unidentified * Muheri herb W M plant gastrointestinal  
01034 Logoniaceae Anthocleista grandiflora Gilg * Mbala tree W O leaves   poisons
04012 Malvaceae Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench * Bamia herb C F fruits   
02021 Malvaceae Hibiscus sabdariffa L. * Karkade shrub C M leaves, fruits cardio-circulatory  
05019 Malvaceae Hibiscus surattensis L. *** Likakanapi, Mnyanyani herb W M leaves eyes diseases, gastrointestinal  
02008 Meliaceae Cedrela odorata L. * Msenderela tree C R log gastrointestinal furniture
02007 Meliaceae Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C.DC. * Mkangazi tree C R plant anemia furniture, firewood
06004 Mimosaceae Acacia auriculiformis Benth. * Msegerea, Mzanzibari tree C R plant   furniture, firewood
01042 Mimosaceae Parkia filicoidea Oliv. * Mnieze tree W F, R fruit, log   furniture, building materials
02003 Moraceae Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. * Fenesi tree C F fruits   
09011 Moraceae Ficus sycomorus L. * Mkuyu tree W M, O bark, leaves weakness and faints, wounds ritual against evil eyes
05054 Moraceae Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C.Berg * Mvule, Myange tree W M, R bark, log   furniture
01036 Moraceae Treculia africana Decne. ex Trécul * Msaia tree W F fruits, seeds weakness and faints  
02004 Moringaceae Moringa oleifera Lam. * Mlonge tree C M leaves, seeds malaria, weakness and faints  
03012 Musaceae Musa x paradisiaca L. * Mgomba herb C F, R fruit, log   strings
06003 Myrtaceae Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. ** Mlingoti, Mkalatusi tree C R, M log, bark, leaves respiratory poles
02006 Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. ** Mpera tree C M, F leaves, fruit gastrointestinal  
01027 Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. * Mzambarau, Mvenge tree WC F fruit   
05028 Nyctaginaceae Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. * Mpropes shrub C M, O leaves, flower, plant parasites decoration, acarus repellent
02005 Oxalidaceae Averrhoa bilimbi L. * Mbilimbi tree C F fruit   
01017 Piperaceae Piper capense L.f. * Likundukundu shrub W F fruit   
10008 Poaceae Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf * Mchaichai herb C F leaves   poles
03004 Poaceae Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A.Rich.) Munro * Mianzi ya ulanzi herb C F, R sap, log   poles
03006 Poaceae unidentified * Magugu herb W R plant   roof cover
03007 Poaceae unidentified * Magugu herb W R plant   roof cover
01014 Rubiaceae Uncaria africana G.Don * Likamanda climber W F plant   
02024 Rutaceae Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck * Lemon tree tree C F fruit   
02018 Rutaceae Citrus nobilis Lour. * Tangerine tree C F fruit   
01041 Sapotaceae Synsepalum msolo (Engl.) T.D.Penn. * Msambisa tree W F, R fruit, log   poles and handles
03001 Solanaceae Capsicum chinense Jacq. ** Mpilipili herb C F, O fruit   repellent
10004 Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum L. * Tumbaco herb C O leaves   cigars
07009 Solanaceae Physalis peruviana L. * Songosongo herb C M leaves respiratory  
01018 Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. ** Mdulele, Mtula shrub W M fruit, roots parasites, bites, gastrointestinal  
06001 Solanaceae Solanum melongena L. * Ngogwe, Nyanyachungu herb C F fruit   
03010 Solanaceae Solanum sp. * Mnafu herb C F leaves   
02023 Sterculiaceae Theobroma cacao L. * Cacao tree C F fruit, seeds   
05026 Verbenaceae Duranta erecta L. * Msekela shrub C O leaves, roots   ritual
  1. Frequency: * one citation, ** two citations, *** three citations, **** four citations
  2. C cultivated species, W wild species, WC both wild and cultivated species
  3. M medicinal use, F food use, R production of raw material, O other uses