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Table 2 Food restricted during pregnancy

From: Food beliefs and practices among the Kalenjin pregnant women in rural Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Food type Reason Percentage
(N = 154)
Animal organsa Preserved delicacy for men and burren or menopouse women, tongue makes baby and women talk much 96
Meatb Makes the baby big and brings misfortune to mother or baby 87
Eggs Makes the baby big, causes high blood pressure and colic pain in the baby 68
Oily foodc Causes colic pain to the baby and makes the baby’s saliva ooze 25
Avocado Makes the baby big 20
Alcohol and cigarettes Results in a retarded, underweight and stunted child 19
Soil/soft stonesd Causes colic pain to baby and finishes baby’s blood 11
Sugary foode Causes colic pain to baby, makes baby’s saliva drool 11
Moboriet f Makes the baby big, makes mother defecate a lot during birth, makes foetus docile 10
Fresh milk Makes the baby grow big 7
Cabbages and kale Are not nutritious, give the mother heartburn and nausea, use a lot of chemicals to grow 6
Salt Makes the baby’s skin crack and peel, increases blood flow/pressure of the mother 5
Sheep’s head Makes the baby have a blocked nose hence breaths with snoring sound 5
Cold water Weakens the mother’s back ache after birth and prolongs labour pain 5
Plantain Makes the baby big 4
Sheep meat Causes allergies such as rashes to the baby’s skin 3
Vegetables grown on a burned soil Cause burn-like rashes to the baby’s skin 3
Beans Give the mother heartburn and nausea 3
Fermented milk Gives the mother heartburn 3
Fermented porridge Gives the mother heartburn 3
Rice and Irish potatoes Supply less energy 3
  1. aTongue, heart, udder and reproductive organs (commonly obtained from either goat, sheep, cow or chicken)
  2. bThe common ones are obtained from sheep, goat, cow or chicken
  3. cUsing excess frying oil on food and food that require a lot of oil in preparation and cooking for example shallow and deep fried food
  4. dThis is pica, the craving and purposeful consumption of substances not commonly identified as food, is often reported among pregnant women
  5. eSweet food such as honey, soft drinks, sweet bananas, sugarcane, chocolates, sweets, tea or porridge with sugar
  6. fCold ugali (a paste of cooked maize flour, millet flour or sorghum flour, sometimes mixed with cassava flour), usually leftovers from the previous night and is normally taken in the morning as breakfast with other accompaniments