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Table 3 Food recommended during pregnancy

From: Food beliefs and practices among the Kalenjin pregnant women in rural Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Food type Reason Percentage (N = 154)
Traditional vegetables (Table 4) Increase blood of the mother, gives strength to the mother and reduces heartburn 89
Milk Gives strength to the mother, builds body and adds blood to the mother 63
Fruitsa Increase blood to the mother and protect the baby 35
Traditional herbs Give strength to the mother, protect the baby, immunity booster to mother and foetus, reduce heartburn, ‘evil eyes’ and misfortunes and gastro-intestinal discomfort, increases uterine contractions during labour 34
Ugali b Gives strength to the mother 32
Porridge Gives strength to the mother and increases the mother’s blood 32
Liverc Increases blood of the mother 24
Water Gives strength to the mother 15
Animal bloodd Increases blood of the mother 13
Beans Gives strength to the mother and increases blood of the mother 12
Fish Builds body and increases blood of the mother 11
Red soil and soft stonese Increases blood to mother 7
Meatf Adds blood to, and builds body of, the mother 7
Cooked bananas Gives strength to the mother 5
  1. aOranges (Citrus sinensis), tangerine (Citrus reticulate), tamarillo (Solanum betaceum), passion (Passiflora edulis), pineapples (Ananas comosus), pawpaw (Carica papaya), Tamarillo
  2. bLocally known as Kimyet a paste of cooked maize flour, millet flour or sorghum flour, sometimes mixed with cassava flour
  3. cCommonly obtained from either sheep, goat, cow or chicken
  4. dObtained from either sheep, goat or cow
  5. eAlso called pica, the craving and purposeful consumption of substances not commonly identified as food
  6. fCommonly obtained from goat, sheep, cow, or chicken