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Table 2 Ten most commonly used species in each of three categories

From: Using Ellenberg-Pignatti values to estimate habitat preferences of wild food and medicinal plants: an example from northeastern Istria (Croatia)

  Habitat in the studied area
Only food plants
Cornus mas L. forest fringes and clearings
Cichorium intybus L. road verges, ruderal habitats
Chenopodium album L. ruderal habitats, e.g. arable fields
Prunus domestica L. forest fringes (feral)
Pyrus amygdaliformis Vill. forest fringes
Rubus idaeus L. forest firnges
Clematis vitalba L. forest fringes
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC. road verges, ruderal habitats
Fragaria vesca L. deciduous forests
Allium ampeloprasum L. road verges, ruderal habitats
Plants from food – medicine spectrum
Rubus caesius L. forest fringes, hedges, ruderal habitats
Sambucus nigra L. forest fringes, hedges, ruderal habitats
Urtica dioica L. ruderal habitats
Dioscoraea communis L. forest fringes, hedges
Taraxacum spp. roadsides, lawns, ruderal habitats
Asparagus acutifolius L. forest fringes, hedges, ruderal habitats
Rosa canina L. forest fringes, hedges
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. road verges, ruderal habitats
Prunus spinosa L. forest fringes, hedges
Sorbus domestica L. forest fringes and clearings
Purely medicinal plants
Achillea millefolium L. grasslands
Tilia platyphyllos Scop. feral and cultivated in villages
Hypericum perforatum L. grasslands
Sempervivum tectorum L. feral in rocky places in gardens, widely cultivated
Artemisia absinthium L. road verges, ruderal habitats, also cultivated
Plantago lanceolata L. road verges, grasslands
Gentiana lutea L. ssp. symphyandra (Murb.) Hayek dry grasslands
Althaea officinalis L. grasslands
Matricaria chamomilla L. ruderal habitats, e.g. arable fields, also cultivated
Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold. forest fringes, used for afforestation of grasslands