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Table 2 Perennial species inventory

From: Semiarid ethnoagroforestry management: Tajos in the Sierra Gorda, Guanajuato, Mexico

Family Species Local name Origen Life form Uses
Agavaceae Agave sp. Maguey manso Introduced Agave Sap, Fiber
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L. Mangoo Introduced Tree Fruit
Rhus radicans L. Huau Native Shrub Urticante
Spondias mombin Jacq. Ciruela amarilla Introduced Tree Fruit
Asteraceae Montanoa sp. Candela Native Shrub Medicinal
Senecio salignus DC. Jara amarilla Native Shrub -
Senecio sp. Jarilla Native Shrub -
Boraginaceae Cordia boissieri A.D.C. Trompillo Native Tree Fodder
Heliotropium sp   Native Shrub -
Budlejaceae Budleja sp. Tepozán Native Tree -
Budleja sp. Tepozancillo Native Shrub -
Burseraceae Bursera simaruba Sarg. Copal Native Tree -
Cactaceae Isolatocereus dumortieri (Scheidw.) Backeb. Órgano Native Cacti Fruit/Firewood
Opuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC. Cardón Native Cacti -
Opuntia sp. Nopal Introduced Cacti Fruit/vegetable
Myrtillocactus geometrizans Console Garambullo Native Cacti Fruit
Stenocereus pruinosus (Otto) Buxb. Pitayo Native Cacti Fruit
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papaya Introduced   Fruit
Euphorbiaceae Croton sp. Chicharroncillo Native Tree -
  Cnidoscolus multilobus (Pax) I.M.Johnst. - Native Shrub -
Fabaceae Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Huizache Native Tree Firewood
Acacia pennatula Benth. Tepame Native Shrub Firewood
Acacia sp. Huizachillo Native Shrub Firewood
Desmanthus sp. Mesquitillo Native Shrub Firewood
Eysenhardtia polystachya
(Ortega) Sarg.
Palo dulce Native Tree Firewood
Lysiloma acapulcense Benth. Palo arco Native Tree Firewood
Mimosa sp. Garabatillo Native Tree Firewood
Pithecellobium dulce
(Roxb.) Benth.
Huamúchil Native Tree Fruit
Prosopis laevigata
(Humb.& Bonpl. ex Willd.) M.C.Johnst.
Mezquite Native Tree Fruit, Firewod, Wood, Fodder, Ornamental
Prosopis sp. Palo gusano Native Tree Ornato
Senna atomaria (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby Palo hediondo Native Tree Firewood and shade
Desmodium sp. - Native Shrub -
Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K.Koch Nogal Introduced Tree Fruit
Labiatae Salvia sp. Salvia Native Shrub Medicinal
Lauraceae Persea americana Mill. Aguacate Introduced Tree Fruit
Malvaceae Guazuma ulmifolia Wall. Guazuma Native Tree Firewood/shade
Meliaceae Melia azedarach L. Paradise tree Introduced Tree Ornamental
Moraceae Ficus carica L. Higuera Introduced Tree Fruit
Ficus cotinifolia Kunth Higuerón Native Tree Ornamental/shadow
Musaceae Musa paradisiaca L. Platano jamaico Introduced Herb Fruit
Myrthaceae Psidium guajava L. Guayabo Introduced Tree Fruit
- Palo amole Native Tree -
Solanaceae Solanum sp. Tomatillo Native Shrub -
Platanaceae Platanus mexicana Torr. Álamo Native Tree Ornamental/Fruit
Poaceae Arundo donax Georgi. Carrizo Introduced Herb Handcrafts
Rhamnaceae Karwinskia humboldtianaS. Watson Sarabullo Native Shrub Toxic
Rosaceae Prunus domestica Thunb. Ciruelo Introduced Tree Fruit
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Durazno Introduced Tree Fruit
Rubiaceae Coffea arabica L. Café Introduced Shrub Infusion
Rutaceae Casimiroa edulis S.Watson Zapote blanco Introduced Tree Fruit/medicinal
Citrus spp. Lima Introduced Tree Fruit
  Naranja Introduced Tree Fruit
  Mandarina Introduced Tree Fruit
  Limón real Introduced Tree Fruit
Scrophulareaceae - - Native Shrub -
Simaroubaceae Dodonaea viscosa Mart. Olivo Native Shrub Ornamental
Ulmaceae Celtis pallida Torr. Granjeno amarillo Native Tree Firewood
Celtis sp. Palo blanco Native Tree Shadow
Celtis sp. Granjeno Native Tree -
Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Cinco negitos Native Shrub Ornamental
Zapotaceae Sideroxylon palmeri (Rose) T.D.Penn. Capulín Native Tree Fruit, wood, shade
Zygophillaceae Morkillia mexicana Rose & Painter Viuda Native Shrub Ornamental