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Table 4 Edible plants consumed by Afar people in Yalow Woreda

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and edible plants of Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state, Ethiopia

Voucher Number Family Scientific Name (Citations) Habit Local plant name Mode of consumption
YA 021 Acanthaceae Ruellia patula Jacq. Shrub Boboyta The outer cover is eaten fresh. It is collected and consumed by herd boys, and it is not stored and has a mild test.
YA 012 Anacardiaceae Rhus natalensis Krauss Tree Dewa/ Sofa Whole fruit, after trashing using both hands, is eaten fresh. It is sweet and consumed by all age groups. It collected and mostly consumed by herd boys
YA 092 Apocynaceae Carissa spinarum L. Shrub Titita It has sweet to sour test, collected and consumed by all age groups
YA 095 Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca (van Tieghem) Blatter Tree Udayto The outer cover is eaten fresh, and the inside is eaten boiled and can be stored. It is collected by housewives, herd boys, and men and consumed by all age groups. It has a mild test and stored for a drought period.
YA 008 Balanitaceae Balanites rotundifolia (Van Tiegn.) Blatter Shrub Small tree Alayto The outer part is eaten fresh. The internal part is bitter, hence, soaked in water overnight and followed by two to three times washing, boiled and consumed by all age groups. Housewives and herd boys collect and stored for drought period as a food source. It is also consumed fresh by diabetic patients.
YA 072 Boraginaceae Cordia sinensis Lam. Tree Madera/ Ledo It is collected by boys and housewives. It is sweet as honey and has more fat. It is preferably given to children under five years and women that have given birth. It is eaten before breakfast and dinner.
YA 016 Capparidaceae Boscia coriacea Pax. Tree Homura/ Aytneba It too sour and only one crushed fruit is taken for smoothening taste by older individuals that take milk as food for a longer period. It is used as medicine to avoid dyspepsia.
YA 063 Fabaceae Tamarindus indica L. Tree Hura It has a mild taste between sour, and bitter. It is collected by herd boys and housewives and eaten fresh. The whole fruit is chewed, and the seeds are spat.
YA 058 Olacaceae Ximenia americana L. Tree Helelea It is sweet, succulent fruit collected by herd boys and consumed by all age groups.
YA 069 Rhamnaceae Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Tree Kusra It collected by herd boys and housewives and eaten fresh by all age groups.
YA 011 Rosaceae Rosa abyssinica Lindley Shrub Atim It is sweet and collected and consumed by all age groups. The whole fruit is eaten fresh, and only seeds are spat.
YA 042 Salvadoraceae Dobera glabra (Forssk.) Poir. Shrub Gasera/ Mudua/ The outer part is eaten fresh and inner part is taken as food boiled mixed with Alayto during drought season. It collected by housewives and herd boys, stored for drought season, and consumed by all age groups.
YA 038 Sapotaceae Mimusops kummel A. DC. Tree Yelow Eta Unripe fruit is collected by boys and buried in the soil until it ripens and becomes red. The whole fruit is consumed by all age groups. Unripe fruit is not edible and assumed to be poisonous.
YA 057 Tiliaceae Grewia bicolor Juss. Tree Hebele It is collected by herd boys, and whole fruit is consumed after the hairy outer part is cleaned. It is sweet and eaten by all age groups
YA 062 Tiliaceae Grewia erythraea Schweinf. Shrub Hidayto It is sweet fruit collected by herd boys and consumed by all age groups and is not stored
YA 048 Tiliaceae Grewia villosa Willd. Shrub Habeleyta It is collected by herd boys and consumed fresh by all age groups.