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Table 2 Preparation of ethanolic extracts from the roots of Aconitum spp. and their medicinal use, as reported by 5 informants who knew the preparation well, described it precisely and had prepared it themselves

From: Rare tradition of the folk medicinal use of Aconitum spp. is kept alive in Solčavsko, Slovenia

Informant Amount of Aconitum spp. root Preparation of the root Type of solvent Amount of prepared extract / container Duration of maceration Interesting features Dosage Medicinal use
I
(woman, 78 years old)
Half a bottle of thinly sliced roots The roots had to be fresh Very strong spirit; the best was cveta -Approx. 0.1 L
-A small bottle
3 weeks At the end of maceration, the roots were filtered. The informant did not remember the exact number of drops MED: fever
J
(woman, 89 years old)
10 cm of sliced roots; the amount of root was approximately
one finger high in a 1 L bottle
Clean and freshly collected roots; it does not matter whether you use old or young roots; they used to say that thicker roots were older and stronger and you had to use fewer Homemade fruit brandy made from pears or plums -1 L
-A bottle
Some time but not long; the roots quickly release the essence The extract was used for a long time (more than one year);
the extract was prepared similarly to other extracts.
A few drops were taken; the informant did not remember the exact number of drops MED: fever; cold;
external use for toothache and inflammation;
good for everything;
in the war, it was used for pain and inflammation
F
(woman, 90 years old)
10 cm of a sliced root that was as thick as a water pipe Fresh roots collected before the flowering of the plant; roots were collected as soon as the plants started to grow and could be identified; the roots were washed and sliced Homemade fruit brandy usually made from pears -1 L
- One liter bottle
21 days in a cool place; not in the sun Everything that remained after the preparation of the extract was well hidden (buried); the extract was used for approximately 2 years. Adults: 5 to 6 drops
Young children: 2 drops
The extract was placed on sugar or mixed into water before ingestion
MED: fever, pain (toothache), inflammation
H
(woman, 82 years old)
Half a bottle of sliced roots Washed and sliced roots; thicker roots are older and therefore stronger Homemade fruit brandy usually made from rowan berries (Sorbus aucuparia); strong spirits make the final extract more effective −0.1 L;
it is good that the fruit brandy is at least 1 cm above the sliced roots
- A bottle
It is good to leave the extract standing for approximately one month The extract could be used for 50 years or more. Adults: 3 to 4 drops
Children older than 3 years: 1 drop
The extract was placed on sugar or mixed into water before ingestion; milk was consumed with the extract to prevent poisoning
Cattle: 10 to 15 drops were placed on bread
MED: pneumonia, influenza, cold, Spanish disease (shaking, fever, nausea, and sore feet)
VET: for increased strength in horses
D
(woman, 77 years old)
2 small sliced roots Washed and sliced roots The best spirit is cveta, but homemade fruit brandy was mostly used - 0.1 L
- A bottle
It is good to leave the extract standing for a short amount of time   Adults: 3 drops
Children: 1 drop
Horses: 1 drop
MED: pneumonia, pain
VET: for increased strength in horses
  1. MED medicinal use, VET veterinary use
  2. aThe first flow of the second distillation of fruit brandy