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Table 3 Preparation of ethanolic extracts from the roots of Aconitum spp. and their medicinal use as reported by 7 informants who were somewhat uncertain in describing the preparation; they knew the ethanolic extract from the narration of their parents, grandparents, or acquaintances or they had observed the preparation as children

From: Rare tradition of the folk medicinal use of Aconitum spp. is kept alive in Solčavsko, Slovenia

Informant Preparation of the extract Dosage Use Interesting features
B
(woman, interviewed in Luče, 88 years old)
1 root was macerated in 250 ml of schnapps Horses: 10 drops on bread VET: hives and cold in horses The informant’s husband prepared the extract for horses.
C
(man, 64 years old)
Roots were macerated in a large half-liter bottle Adults: 5–10 drops
Children: not more than 3 drops
MED: fever and cough The informant described the preparation after narration of a woman who was requesting aconite.
K
(woman, 78 years old)
2 roots the size of a finger were soaked in 1 l of schnapps Adults: 3 drops
Children: 2 drops
MED: fever The informant did not prepare the extract by herself
L
(woman, 73 years old)
3 cm of a root was soaked in 1 dl of schnapps and placed in a dark room for 3 weeks Adults: 5 to 7 drops Drops were placed in water.
It was not good if drops were placed in tisane
MED: fever, for (physical) strength (chronic use) The informant did not prepare the extract by herself. Her parents had it at their home.
M
(woman, 69 years old)
A root that was long as a little finger was macerated in a large half-liter bottle of schnapps Adults: 2 to 3 drops
Children: a drop less than for adults
MED: fever
VET: indigestion in livestock and strength in livestock
In the informant’s childhood, her mother prepared the extract.
N
(woman, 75 years old)
1 tablespoon of sliced roots was placed into 2 dl of schnapps A few drops were placed in water and drunk MED: fever
VET: for weakened animals
The informant did not prepare the extract; her mother advised her to prepare it.
G
(woman, 87 years old)
2 dl of roots was placed into a large half-liter bottle of schnapps and left to soak for 14 days Adults: not more than 5 drops
Children: just a small amount
MED: severe illnesses, fever, and inflammation  
A
(woman, 82 years old)
3 sliced roots were placed into half a liter of schnapps Adults: 6 to 8 drops
Children: half as much as for adults
MED: fever, various diseases The last time the informant prepared the extract was in 1946.
E (woman, 83 years old) 2 to 3 roots were placed into half a liter of schnapps; the roots filled almost half the bottle; the soaking time was short Adults: 9 drops
Children: 3 drops
Drops were placed in water and drunk
MED: prevention of diseases, fever, influenza, treatment of headache (lubrication of the forehead); “good for everything” The last time the informant used the extract was 50 to 60 years ago; she prepared it herself.
  1. MED medicinal use, VET veterinary use