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Table 3 Enumeration of medicinal plant species of Shigar Valley, Baltistan Karakorum, Pakistan

From: Medicinal plants used by inhabitants of the Shigar Valley, Baltistan region of Karakorum range-Pakistan

Botanical Name/Local name /Voucher number Family Availability Habit Part (s) Used Ailment (s) cured Application Formulation RFCs FL (%)
Allium cepa L. /chong/SP-124 Alliaceae Cult. Herb Bulb Indigestion and Vomiting Oral Cook in ash 0.119 60.00
Allium carolinianum DC /Broq chong/SP-74 Alliaceae Wild Herb Bulb Abdominal pain Oral Cook in ash 0.119 80.00
Foeniculum valgare Mill. /Badian/Sp-48 Apiaceae Cult. Herb Seed Constipation and gastric trouble Oral Decoction 0.167 28.57
Pimpinella diversifolia DC. /Kohniod/SP-135 Apiaceae Wild Herb Seed/Leaves Fever, abdominal pain and as blood tonic Oral Decoction 0.274 73.91
Ferula jaeschkeana Vatke/Sib/SP-64 Apiaceae Wild Herb Latex/Root powder Asthma, arthritis and menstrual irregulation Oral Juice/decoction 0.357 80.00
Carum carvi L./Thalae/SP-63 Apiaceae Wild Herb Seed Asthma Oral Decoction 0.167 85.71
Daucus carota L./Wafro/SP-64 Apiaceae Cult. Herb Root Urethritis Oral Cook in water 0.214 77.77
Artemisia brevifolia Wall ex DC. /Bustay/SP-119 Asteraceae Shrub Herb Leaves Abdominal worms Oral Decoction 0.298 92.00
Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz.ex Krasch./Kho bustae/SP-120 Asteraceae Wild Herb Branches Abdominal worms Oral decoction 0.167 71.42
Tanacetum falconeri Hook.f./Lhrtialo/SP-137 Asteraceae Wild Herb Flower Back ache, abdominal pain and gastric trouble Oral Decoction 0.476 95.00
Taraxacum officinale Weber /Shantha/SP-56 Asteraceae Wild Herb Root Hypertension Oral Boiled root 0.357 83.33
Saussurea simpsoniana (Fielding & Gardner) Lipsch./Smanipasha/SP-138 Asteraceae Wild Herb Whole plant Back ache, fever and dermatitis Oral Decoction 0.321 92.59
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. /Khasmar/SP-118 Asteraceae Wild Herb Leaves Diabetes Oral Infusion 0.143 75.00
Berberis brandisiana Ahrendt /Skiorbu/SP-150 Berberidaceae Wild Shrub Leaves Jaundice Oral Infusion 0.333 92.85
Berberis orthrobotrys Bien. ex Aitch. /Skiorbu/SP-94 Berberidaceae Wild Shrub Leaves Jaundice Oral Infusion 0.333 92.85
Berberis pseudoumbellata subsp. gigitica Jafri /Skiorbu/SP-60 Berberidaceae Wild Shrub Seed Jaundice Oral infusion 0.333 92.85
Betula utilis D.Don./Staqpa/SP-114 Betulaceae Wild Tree Papery bark Ringworm Topical Warm bark 0.190 93.75
Biebersteinia odora Steph. ex Fisch./Chundol/SP-69 Biebersteiniaceae Wild Herb Flower Migraine and fever Oral Decoction 0.202 94.11
Onosma hispida Wall. ex G.Don. /Kangmar/SP-50 Boraginaceae Wild Herb Whole plant Constipation Oral Fresh /Boiled is taken 0.226 89.47
Myosotis alpestris F.W.Schmidt /Mandaqskor/SP-47 Boraginaceae Wild Herb Flower Bronchitis, fever and asthma Oral Powder 0.357 90.00
Arnebia guttata Bunge /Thangmarsi/SP-138 Boraginaceae Wild Herb Root Heart burn and indigestion Oral Fresh root is taken 0.262 90.90
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb & Berth./Khashir/SP-140 Brassicaceae Wild Herb Seed Fever Oral Decoction 0.167 57.14
Brassica rapa L./Mulo/SP-139 Brassicaceae Wild Herb Root Hepatitis Oral Fresh root is taken 0.298 60.00
Capparis spinosa Jafri/Traba/SP-147 Capparidaceae Shrub Shrub Leaves Arthritis and back ache Oral Decoction 0.214 83.33
Kochia scoparia (L.) Schard./Fiangma/SP-127 Chenopodiaceae Wild Herb Leaves Tiredness and hypertension Oral Decoction 0.167 35.71
Juniperus excelsa M.Bieb./Shukpa/SP-106 Cupressaceae Wild Tree Fruit Gastric trouble Oral Decoction 0.286 83.33
Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L./Rbulthaq/SP-79 Cuscutaceae Wild Herb Stem Asthma Oral Fresh material is taken 0.143 75.00
Hippophe rhamnoides subsp. turkestanica Rousiss/Karsoq/SP-70 Elaeagnaceae Wild Shrub Fruit, Leaves Hepatitis, hypertension and stomach ulcer Oral Fresh fruit is eaten 0.262 100.00
Elaeagnus angustifolia (L.) Kuntze/Sarsing/SP-91 Elaeagnaceae Cult. Tree Fruit Bronchitis Oral Decoction 0.238 85.00
Ephedra gerardiana Wall ex. Stapf. /Chae/SP-90 Ephedraceae Wild Shrub Branches Bronchitis, Vaginal contraction Oral/Topical Decoction 0.179 80.00
Equisetum arvense L. /Thangshiatwa/SP-77 Equisetaceae Wild Herb Whole plant Urethritis Oral Decoction 0.310 92.30
Pisum sativum L./Pokhstran/SP-86 Fabaceae Cult. Herb Fruit Constipation Oral Cooked fruits 0.238 55.00
Trifolium repens L./Skabuksuk/SP-81 Fabaceae Wild Herb Leaves Eye ache and wound Topical Fresh leaves 0.298 36.00
Sophora alopecuroides L. (Royle) Baker/Khakhul/SP-56 Fabaceae Wild Herb Root Joint pain Oral Decoction 0.214 83.33
Desmodium gangeticum L. /Shingnar/SP-73 Fabaceae Wild Shrub Root Cough, cold, asthma Oral Decoction 0.286 87.50
Hedysarum falconeri Baker /Kharun/SP-148 Fabaceae Wild Herb Root Loss of appetite Oral Fresh root is taken 0.190 87.50
Vicia faba L./Naqstarn/SP-82 Fabaceae Cult. Herb Seed Stomach ulcer Oral Seed is cooked 0.238 85.00
Trigonella feonum-graecum L./Shalmilik/SP-152 Fabaceae Cult. Herb Leaves Low blood pressure and gastric trouble Oral Fresh material with curd 0.226 78.94
Corydalis adiantifolia Hook.f. & Thomson/Shampoo/SP-49 Fumariaceae Wild Herb Root Hair tonic Topical Paste 0.286 87.50
Swertia cordata (G.Don) Clark/Tikta/SP-147 Gentianaceae Wild Herb Whole plant Diabetes Oral Decoction 0.262 90.90
Ribes orientale Desf./Askuta/Sp-57 Glossulariaceae Wild Shrub Fruits Abdominal worms Oral Eaten fresh 0.202 88.23
Ribes himalense Royle ex Decne./Askuta/SP-59 Glossulariaceae Wild Shrub Fruit Abdominal pain Oral Eaten fresh 0.250 95.23
Ribes alpestre Decne./Askuta/Sp-58 Glossulariaceae Wild Shrub Fruit Abdominal pain Oral Eaten fresh 0.262 68.18
Juglans regia L./Starga/SP-98 Juglandaceae Cult. Tree Seed Asthma Oral Fresh or dry seeds are eaten 0.179 66.66
Dracocephalum nutans L./Shundun/SP-76 Lamiaceae Wild Herb Leaves Asthma, gastric trouble post birth trace release Oral Decoction 0.262 86.36
Coriandrum sativum L. /Naqposhoto/SP-136 Lamiaceae Cult. Herb Seed Abdominal pain Oral Fresh or dry seeds are eaten 0.250 47.61
Mentha royleana Benth./Foling/SP-75 Lamiaceae Wild Herb Leaves Fever and gastric trouble Oral Decoction 0.262 81.81
Nepeta leucolaena Benth./Azumal/SP-149 Lamiaceae Wild Herb Leaves Indigestion and abdominal pain Oral Decoction 0.167 85.71
Mentha arvensis L./Piono/SP-78 Lamiaceae Cult. Herb Leaves Pimples and pustules Oral paste 0.357 83.33
Thymus linearis Benth./Tumburu/SP-45 Lamiaceae Wild Herb Leaves Cold and flue Oral Decoction 0.393 100.00
Morus nigra L./Osae/SP-113 Moraceae Cult. Tree Fruit Bronchitis, as blood tonic Oral Fresh material is eaten 0.238 85.00
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides (G.Don.) DC./Khara/SP-105 Oleaceae Wild Shrub Stem/Seed Ringworm and tooth ache Oral Fresh bark and seeds are applied 0.179 93.33
Papaver nodicaule L./Kialbumandoq/SP-126 Papaveraceae Wild Herb flower Wounds, cut and injuries Topical Powder 0.310 76.92
Parnassia nubicola Planch.ex Clark/Darbamandoq/SP-146 Parnassiaceae Wild Herb Flower Low blood pressure and gastric trouble Oral Decoction 0.286 33.33
Plantago major L./Bokhna/SP-115 Plantaginaceae Wild Herb Flowers Gastric trouble and constipation Oral Decoction 0.179 93.33
Acantholimon lycopodioides (Girad) Boiss./Choqmandoq/SP-68 Plumbaginaceae Wild Shrub Flower Stomach ulcer Oral Decoction 0.179 93.33
Hordeum valgare L./Nus/SP-154 Poaceae Cult. Herb Seedlings Stomach ulcer Hypertension Oral Decoction 0.167 85.71
Triticum aestivum L./Tro/SP-153 Poaceae Wild Herb Seed Constipation Oral Bread 0.262 81.81
Zea mays L./Makai/SP-155 Poaceae Cult. Herb Carpels Urethritis Oral Decoction 0.262 90.90
Rumex nepalensis Spreng./Bashona/145 Polygonaceae Wild Herb Leaves Pain and post birth trace release Oral Boiled material 0.190 68.75
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Meth. /Bro/SP-42 Polygonaceae Cult. Herb Seed Stomach ulcer Oral Powder 0.202 88.23
Polygonum tataricum L./Khobro/SP-144 Polygonaceae Cult. Herb Seed Stomach ulcer Oral Powder 0.190 87.50
Rheum webbianum Royle./Khol/Sp-121 Polygonaceae Wild Herb Stem Sole and lips crack Oral/Topical Fresh stem material/paste 0.226 84.21
Rumex patientia L./Rashona/SP-108 Polygonaceae Wild Herb Leaves Boils and pustules Topical Paste 0.238 85.00
Punica granatum L./Sio/SP-101 Punicaeae Cult. Tree Fruit Fever, vomiting Oral Eaten fresh 0.214 88.88
Aconitum violaceum var. weileri (Gilli) Riedl/Smunchan/SP-130 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Root Abdominal worms Oral Paste 0.321 85.18
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle/Buma/SP-131 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Root Abdominal worms and tooth ache Oral/Topical Decoction 0.179 66.66
Clematis alpina subsp. sibirica (L.) Kuntze/Ghnaghzima/SP-39 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Whole plant Asthma Oral Decoction 0.167 85.71
Ranunculus repens L. /Khsiarmandoq/SP-132 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Flower Ringworm Topical Paste 0.155 53.84
Delphinium brunonianum Royle /Makhoting/SP-88 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Flower Hair tonic Topical Powder with oil 0.321 92.59
Thalictrum foliolosum DC. /Momiran/SP-133 Ranunculaceae Wild Herb Root Eye ache Topical Fresh material 0.262 54.54
Prunus armeniaca L./Chuli/SP-67 Rosaceae Cult. Tree Fruit/Floral buds Constipation and ringworm Oral/Topical Decoction and paste 0.155 69.23
Rosa indica L./Gulab/SP-134 Rosaceae Cult. Shrub Flower Fever and abdominal pain Oral Decoction 0.155 53.84
Spiraeae canescens D.Don./Khsiber/SP-54 Rosaceae Wild Shrub Branches Abdominal pain Oral Decoction 0.167 42.85
Prunus avium (L.) L/Gilas/SP-102 Rosaceae Cult. Tree Fruit Constipation Oral Cooked fruit 0.238 55.00
Malus pumila Mill./Kushu/SP-103 Rosaceae Cult. Tree Fruit Weakness, blood tonic Oral Eaten fresh 0.202 58.82
Rosa webbiana L./Sia/SP-71 Rosaceae Wild Shrub Root Bark, Fruit Hypertension, cold and flu Oral Decoction 0.286 95.83
Salix alba L./Hlchangma/SP-89 Salicaceae Cult. Tree Leaves, Inflorescence Post-birth bleeding, Lactation Oral Decoction 0.167 85.71
Populus nigra L./Naghbiar/SP-92 Salicaceae Cult. Tree Bark Jaundice, ring worm Oral/Topical Decoction 0.202 64.70
Berginia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb./Schapur/SP-43 Saxifragaceae Wild Herb root Stomach ulcer Oral Decoction 0.310 96.15
Solanum nigrum L./Drumbashokhlo/SP-156 Solanaceae Wild Herb Fruit Tooth ache Oral Fruits are toasted 0.179 86.66
Datura fastuosa L./Datura/SP-83 Solanaceae Wild Herb Leaves Pimples and pustules Topical Fresh material 0.155 76.92
Urtica dioca L./Khashoshing/SP-157 Urticaceae Wild Herb Whole plant Constipation Oral Cooked material 0.250 76.19
Tribulus terrestris L./Kokoring/SP-143 Zygophyllaceae Wild Herb Fruit Urethritis Oral Decoction 0.238 90.00