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Table 7 Comparison of present study with previous study from adjoining area of Himalaya region

From: Ethnomedicinal plants used by local inhabitants of Jakholi block, Rudraprayag district, western Himalaya, India

Study area Study Year Number of plants reported Plants with similar use Plants with dissimilar use Total Common species in both areas % of common plants species Species listed only in aligned areas Species enlisted only in study area % of species enlisted only in this study % of plants with similar uses % of plants with dissimilar uses Jaccard index (JI) Sorensen’s similarity index (QS) Reference
Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand 2013 159 7 8 15 9.43 144 63 80.77 4.40 5.03 7.81 14.49 Chandra et al. [35]
Garhwal Himalaya, Uttaranchal 2005 113 24 14 38 33.63 75 40 51.28 21.24 12.39 49.35 66.08 Uniyal and Siva [31]
Ukhimath Block, Rudraprayag Uttarakhand 2010 60 18 7 25 41.67 35 53 67.95 30.00 11.67 39.68 56.81 Semwal et al. [30]
Sub-Himalayan region, Uttarakhand 2013 24 1 7 8 33.33 16 70 89.74 4.17 29.17 10.25 18.6 Sharma et al. [41]
Sub-Himalayan region, Uttarakhand 2012 40 0 17 17 42.50 23 61 78.21 0.00 42.50 25.37 40.47 Sharma et al. [43]
Western Himalaya 2015 97 14 8 22 22.68 75 56 71.79 14.43 8.25 20.18 33.58 Malik et al. [1]
Uttarakhand 2015 56 2 3 5 8.93 51 73 93.59 3.57 5.36 4.2 8.06 Kala [48]
Garhwal region 2014 67 1 3 4 5.97 63 74 94.87 1.49 4.48 3 5.83 Ghildiyal et al. [46]
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary in Western Himalaya, India 2011 126 12 17 29 23.02 97 49 62.82 9.52 13.49 24.78 39.72 Singh and Rawat [22]
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, India Himalaya 2013 21 6 3 9 42.86 12 69 88.46 28.57 14.29 12.5 22.22 Bhat et al. [26]
Garhwal Himalaya, India 2011 61 8 5 13 21.31 48 65 83.33 13.11 8.20 13 23 Kumar et al. [49]
Niti valley central Himalaya, India 2010 86 9 11 20 23.26 66 58 74.36 10.47 12.79 19.23 32.25 Phondani et al. [32]
Garhwal Himalaya 2010 23 2 1 3 13.04 20 75 96.15 8.70 4.35 3.26 6.31 Dangwal et al. [50]
Uttaranchal, India 2005 74 5 10 15 20.27 59 63 80.77 6.76 13.51 14.01 24.59 Kala et al. [51]
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Garhwal Himalaya India 2013 152 11 6 17 11.18 135 61 78.21 7.24 3.95 9.49 17.34 Bhat et al. [52]
Pauri Garhwal Uttarakhand 2010 61 6 6 12 19.67 49 66 84.62 9.84 9.84 11.65 20.86 Pala et al. [53]
Nanital of Kumaun region Uttarakhand 2014 28 3 8 11 39.29 17 67 85.90 10.71 28.57 15.06 26.19 Kapkoti et al. [54]
Almora district Uttarakhand, India 2011 188 10 24 34 18.09 154 44 56.41 5.32 12.77 20.73 34.34 Kumari et al. [39]
Kumaun Himalaya, India 2013 48 3 10 13 27.08 35 65 83.33 6.25 20.83 14.94 26 Bhatt et al. [55]
Bhabar region of Uttarakhand 2015 24 3 4 7 29.17 17 71 91.03 12.50 16.67 8.64 15.9 Pande and Joshi [56]
Sub Himalayan tract Uttarakhand, India 2010 54 2 6 8 14.81 46 70 89.74 3.70 11.11 7.4 13.79 Gaur et al. [57]
Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve, Uttarakhand, India 2013 90 9 16 25 27.78 65 53 67.95 10.00 17.78 26.88 42.37 Rana et al. [38]
Tons watershed Uttarakhand Himalaya 2015 84 17 17 34 40.48 50 44 56.41 20.24 20.24 56.66 72.34 Kala [45]
Garur Block of district Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, India 2014 39 4 4 8 20.51 31 70 89.74 10.26 10.26 8.6 15.84 Tewari et al. [33]
Uttarakhand 2014 111 1 15 16 14.41 95 62 79.49 0.90 13.51 11.34 20.38 Prakash [58]
Nanital Uttarakhand 2014 113 4 10 14 12.39 99 64 82.05 3.54 8.85 9.39 17.17 Shah et al. [29]
District Garhwal North West Himalaya 1999 2035 19 45 64 3.14 1971 14 17.95 0.93 2.21 3.33 6.44 Gaur [11]
Kumaon Himalaya India 2014 89 8 14 22 24.72 67 56 71.79 8.99 15.73 21.78 35.77 Singh et al. [27]
Central Himalaya India 2002 50 3 2 5 10.00 45 73 93.59 6.00 4.00 4.42 8.47 Negi et al. [18]
Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh India 2014 948 25 15 40 4.22 908 38 48.72 2.64 1.58 4.41 8.45 Gairola et al. [44]
Kashmir Himalaya 2011 30 5 7 12 40.00 18 66 84.62 16.67 23.33 16.66 28.57 Malik et al. [59].
Himachal Pradesh North west Himalaya, India 2016 73 11 8 19 26.03 54 59 75.64 15.07 10.96 20.21 33.62 Thakur et al. [28].
Himachal Pradesh North west Himalaya, India 2007 643 7 12 19 2.95 624 59 75.64 1.09 1.87 2.86 5.56 Samant et al. [36]
Nepal Himalaya 2006 84 3 5 8 9.52 76 70 89.74 3.57 5.95 5.79 10.95 Kunwar et al. [37]
Arunachal Pradesh Eastern Himalayan zone 2011 74 6 10 16 21.62 58 62 79.49 8.11 13.51 15.38 26.66 Tangjang et al. [17]
Average   172.14 7.69 10.23 17.91 21.68 154.23 60.09 77.03 9.14 12.54 15.49 25.11