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Table 10 List of human traditional medicinal plant species, family and vernacular names of the species, number of use reports, use value, ailments treated, plant parts used, condition of preparations, route of administrations, methods of preparations and applications, habit in Gubalafto Districts, Ethiopia

From: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used against human ailments in Gubalafto District, Northern Ethiopia

Sample no. Family names Scientific names Local names Ha No. of use report Use of value (UV) Ailment treated PU Cp Ra Methods of preparation and applications Comparison with similar studies Ht CN
1. Acanthaceae Barleria eranthemoides R. Br. ex C. B. Clarke Setaf/senkolla H 6 0.07 Wound L F D Crush and tie 32, 50, 40 W GC180
        Visual impairment R F Op Paint the ash together with butter    
   Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders. Sensel S 5 0.06 Typhoid and malaria L F O Crush and squeeze then drink with coffee 31, 38, 54, 37, 50, 59, 76, 68, 63, 46, 65, 55, 32, 70, 73, 81, 83 H GC154
        Liver problem L F O Squeeze then drink    
   Ruellia patula Jacq. Duaduatie/goregondie H 4 0.05 Baldness Ft D D Use ash to paint together with butter 71, 75 W GC225
        Bleeding and wound L F D Crush and tie    
        Stomach problem R F/D O Crush and smash in water for 3 days then drink    
        Snake bite R F O Chew and swallow the juice    
2. Actiniopteridiacae Actiniopteris dimorpha Pic. Serm. Esat adrik H 2 0.02 Fire burn All F/D D Paint the ash/crush and wash with juice W GC211
  Alliaceae Allium sativum L. Nech shinkurt H 11 0.13 Evil eye Ft F N Crush then sniff 68, 31, 37, 63, 50, 36, 29, 46, 78, 65, 67, 80, 42, 45, 70, 72, 59, 77, 55, 38, 73, 47, 82, 83 H GC011
        Stomachache L F O Chew and swallow    
3. Aloaceae Aloe weloensis Sebsebe Eret tafa H 4 0.05 Wound Lx F D Paint WH GC210
        Malaria Lx F O Isolate and drink    
        ABO incompatibility R D O Powderize and mix with honey then drink    
4. Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. Telenge H 19 0.23 Wound L F D Pound and tie 2, 31, 49, 63, 50, 78, 46, 40, 65, 66, 67, 45, 48, 70, 71, 73, 59, 38, 82, 83, 84 WH GC025
        Fever L F DNO Boil the concoction then fumigate the fume    
        Eye dusts and ear mites L F Op, N Squeeze the concoction then drop using cotton    
        Tonsillitis L F O Chew and absorb the juice with coffee    
        Excessive bleeding after birth L F Vl Rub and insert then cover with cloth    
5. Anacardaceae Rhus retinorrhoea Oliv. Talo enbis T 1 0.01 Tonsillitis L F O Squeeze then drink 50, 78 W GC187
        Stomachache R D O Crush and smash in water for 3 days then drink the filtrate with honey    
   Schinus molle L. Kundoberberie T 2 0.02 Common cold L F N Rub and sniff 31, 38, 63, 78, 77, 46, 70, 73, 47 H GC155
6. Apiaceae Agrocharis melanantha Hochst. H 1 0.01 Stomachache R F O Chew and absorb the juice 29 W GC209
   Ferula communis L. Dog H 2 0.02 Impotency R F/D O Powderize the concoction then drink with Tella 78, 59, 63, 46 W GC072
   Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Ensilal H 4 0.05 Headache R F O Crush, mash, and filtrate then drink 31, 38, 54, 50, 42, 63, 68, 46, 65, 70, 80, 35, 82, 83 WH GC137
        Tooth and stomachache R D O Crush, mash, boil, and filter then drink    
        Kidney infection L F O Decoct and filter then drink    
7. Apocynaceae Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf. Miriez S 1 0.01 Wound L D D Crush then paint 32, 63, 50, 40, 65, 45, 59, 77, 79, 38, 73, 81 W GC047
   Carissa spinarum L. Agam S 7 0.08 Snake poison L F O Chew and swallow 31, 38, 50, 37, 59, 76, 63, 61, 68, 65, 29, 46, 45, 70, 79, 40, 78, 73, 47, 81, 82, 83 W GC021
        Evil spirit R D N Crush and fumigate    
        Stomachache R F/D O Crush, mash, and filter then drink    
8. Arecaceae Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Sensel S 3 0.04 Sexual diseases R D O Powderize the concoction then drink with honey and butter 68, 77 WH GC201
9. Asclepiadaceae Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait.f. Tobia S 4 0.05 Eczema Lx F D Paint 38, 78, 9, 75, 33, 36, 51, 72, 63, 77, 66, 58, 73, 82, 83, 84 W GC035
        Hemorrhoid Lx F D Paint    
   Huernia macrocarpa (A.Rich) Sprenger Yemidir kulkual H 1 0.01 Skin cancer Lx F D Mix with Sumanfar then insert at the spot W GC100
10. Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium L. Natra H 5 0.06 Evil eye L F N Rub and sniff 68, 29, 46, 35, 73 H GC176
        Tonsillitis L F O Squeeze the concoction then drink    
   Artemisia afra Jack. ex Willd. Chikugn H 5 0.06 Evil eye All F N Sniff 68, 63, 50, 42, 45, 70, 76, 48, 38, 84 H GC168
   Bidens pilosa L. Yeseytan merfie H 2 0.02 Evil spirit All F/D DNO Fumigate 53, 72, 29, 46, 70 W GC184
   Carduus chamaecephalus (Vatke.) Oliv. & Hiern Kushele/dendero H 7 0.08 Febrile illness R F/D DNO Crush and mash then paint body with extract/decoct then fumigate 68 W GC197
   Cirsium englerianum O. Hoffm. Kushele H 1 0.01 Intestinal parasite R D O Powderize the concoction and drink with honey. After a few minutes, drink local beer (Tella) 63 W GC050
   Conyza schimperi Sch. Bip. ex A. Rich Wereza ktel H 2 0.02 Febrile illness All F DNO Decoct the concoction and fumigate WH GC215
   Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. Nug H 1 0.01 Gastric Sd D O Chew and swallow 37, 65 W GC226
   Haplocarpha rueppelii (sch.Bip.) Beauv. Getn H 1 0.01 Bleeding L F D Rub and tie W GC232
   Inula confertiflora A. Rich. Weinagift S 3 0.04 Toothache L F O Take into the mouth, chew ,for a few minutes, and spit then drink coffee 46, 65 WH GC220
        Tonsillitis L F O Squeeze then drink    
   Kleinia abyssinica (A. Rich.) A. Berger Este-maza H 3 0.04 Brain weakness R F/D O Crush the concoction until powderized, mix honey, boil to distillate, and drink 79, 40 W GC190
   Vernonia amygdalina Del. in Caill. Grawa/merari kelewa S 2 0.02 Gout L F DNO Fumigate 31, 38, 79, 78, 37, 50, 36, 54, 40, 72, 42, 76, 63, 61, 68, 29, 45, 70, 65, 81, 82, 83 WH GC055
11. Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. Bedena T 3 0.04 Dandruff L F D Crush the concoction then paint 32, 40, 70, 75, 83 WH GC240
        Stomachache L F O Chew and absorb the juice    
12. Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Wanza T 1 0.01 Eczema L F/D D Paint the concoction ash together with butter 31, 38, 78, 30, 48, 54, 42, 63, 68, 40, 77, 45, 70, 73, 47 WH GC133
   Cynoglossum coeruleum Hochst. ex A. DC. Chugagot H 21 0.25 Febrile illness L F DNO Decoct the concoction then fumigate 31, 38, 63, 47, 81 W GC114
        Eye problem L F/D N Crush concoction then insert in the nasal tube    
        Febrile illness L F D, N Squeeze then paint the body and drink with honey    
   Heliotropium cinerascens D.C. Nechilo H 5 0.06 Wound L F D Crush and tie 83 W GC199
        Eye mites L F Op Crush the concoction, squeeze, filtrate, and insert    
13. Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea L. Tikle gomen H 1 0.01 Gastric L D O Powderize, mix honey for 2 days then eat 49 H GC191
   Lepidium sativum L. Fetto H 2 0.02 Febrile illness Sd D DNO Burn the concoction and fumigate 31, 38, 54, 50, 42, 68, 77, 29, 65, 45, 55, 78, 73, 65, 81, 84 H GC213
14. Capparidaceae Boscia salicifolia Olive. Tisha T 2 0.02 Ear mites L F O Squeeze and mix lemon juice then drink 40, 33, 73 W GC179
        Eye problem L F Op Squeeze and filtrate then insert    
   Capparis tomentosa Lam. Gimero Cl 3 0.04 Evil eye and evil spirit R F/D DNO Crush then fumigate 62, 38, 50, 53, 37, 59, 63, 77, 46, 40, 55, 70, 78, 73, 47, 81, 83 W GC023
15. Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papya T 1 0.01 Intestinal parasite Sd D O Powderize then eat with honey 49, 1, 40, 38, 53, 65, 36, 72, 3042, 59, 63, 68, 77, 58, 69, 70, 78, 73, 83 H GC098
16. Celastraceae Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. Chat S 1 0.01 Intestinal parasite L F O Decoct then drink the extract 48, 54, 37, 68, 65, 46, 40, 45, 55, 70, 78, 47 H GC196
17. Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium murale L. Amedmado H 1 0.01 Cutaneous leishmaniasis R,L D D Point the concoction ash 38, 51, 63, 73 W GC136
18. Crassulaceae Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. Endahula/shilkak H 2 0.022 Swelling L F D Heat and apply on the spot 37, 63, 40 W GC084
        Broken bone L F O Heat and rub the target part    
        Expelled uterus L F Vl Crush and pushed inside    
        Hip obesity R F D Crush the concoction then paint and rub    
        Tonsillitis R F N Peal and chew or sniff    
        Toothache R F O Take into the mouth, chew for a few minutes then spitted out and drink coffee    
19. Cucurbitaceae Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Yemdir enboy H 11 0.13 Dactylitis Ft F D Make a hole and insert it 31, 38, 79, 37, 50, 78, 59, 63, 46, 40, 65, 70, 73, 81, 82 W GC139
        Hemorrhoids R F/D D Crush, mix with honey then tie    
        Rabies R D O Powderize then drink with water and milk    
        Stomachache R F O Chew and absorb the juice    
   Cucurbita pepo L. Duba Cl 1 0.01 Excessive bleeding after birth and menstruation R D O Powderize and drink with water 31, 38, 50, 48, 37, 63, 77, 29, 70, 65, 78, 83 H GC166
        Swelling R,L F D Roast then paint and tie    
   Kedrostis gijef (Forssk.)C. Jeffrey Ergobergo Cl 1 0.01 Swelling L F/D D Crush and powderize then paint W GC228
   Zehneria scabra (Linn. f.) Sond.. Hareg resa/ harresa H 18 0.21 Febrile illness L F DNO Squeeze the concoction then cream 38, 50, 78, 53, 37, 63, 46, 68, 65, 81, 84 WH GC149
        Wound L F D Powderise then cream    
        Febrile illness L F DNO Boil and fumigate    
        Liver problem L F O Squeeze then drink with water    
20. Ebenaceae Euclea racemosa Murr. Dedeho S 1 0.01 Dysuria L F O Squeeze then drink with honey 63, 50, 46, 32, 79, 73, 83 W GC018
        Dandruff R F/D D Paint the ash together with butter    
21. Euphorbiaceae Clutia lanceolata Forssk. Fiyelefej S 4 0.05 Evil eye R F/D D Crush the concoction then tie 31, 63 W GC135
        Excessive bleeding after birth R F O Crush, mash for 3 days, and filtrate then drink    
   Croton macrostachyus Del. Mekanisa T 24 0.29 Liver problem B F/D O Powderize the concoction then drink with honey 31, 40, 61, 68, 77, 59, 76, 63, 57, 48, 54, 37, 42, 29, 46, 45, 55, 70, 79, 65, 38, 78, 47, 81, 82, 83 W GC130
        Stomachache B D O Crush and eat with honey    
        Gonorrhea B F O Squeeze then drink. After a few minutes, eat hen heart or drink Tella    
        Malaria Ft F O Crush and mash then drink with Tella    
        Atopic dermatitis L F D Squeeze the sap then paint    
        Epidemic L F/D DNO Burn and fumigate    
        Febrile illness L F/D DNO Crush, decoct, and fumigate    
   Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel. Kulkual T 3 0.04 Take out spine Lx F D Take the latex then paint on the spot 50, 59, 63, 78, 46, 45, 73, 81 WH GC164
        Stomach problem Lx F O Take the latex, bake with bread then eat    
   Euphorbia tirucalii L. Kinchib S 2 0.02 Tinea versicolor Lx F D Take the latex then paint 54, 37, 50, 42, 59, 77, 63, 29, 46, 69, 35, 73, 47, 83 WH GC131
        Wound R D D Powderize then paint    
   Ricinus communis L. Chakima/ Gulo S 2 0.02 Ear mites L F Er Squeeze and insert 31, 38, 79, 50, 9, 57, 49, 40, 48, 54, 72, 42, 68, 77, 29, 46, 55, 67, 80, 66, 65, 70, 78, 59, 73, 47, 81, 83, 84 H GC170
        Stomachache R F/D DNO Fumigate    
   Tragia brevipes Pax. Awulalit H 7 0.08 Dactylitis R D D Crush, powderize, and add butter then tie 63 W GC013
        Impotency R F/D O Chew and absorb the juice 63, 40   
        Stomachache R F O Chew and absorb the juice    
        Retained placenta R F Vl Crush and insert in a cloth through the vaginal tube    
22. Fabaceae Acacia seyal Del. Duret T 7 0.08 Dandruff L F D Crush and paint with water 32, 46, 53, 40, 45, 70 WH GC229
        Wound L F D Chew and tie/cream    
        Swelling L F D Crush and tie    
   Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. Digita S 1 0.01 Excessive bleeding after birth R F/D O Crush or powderize the concoction then drink with water 38, 31, 37, 50, 59, 76, 63, 68, 77, 29, 46, 55, 70, 40, 65, 73, 81, 83 WH GC020
   Cicer arietinum L. Shinbira H 1 0.01 Malaria Sd D O Germinate then eat the concoction. 63, 68 WH GC115
   Indigofera brevicalyx Bak.f H 3 0.04 Snake poison R F O Chew and absorb the juice W GC221
   Indigofera spicata Forssk. H 4 0.05 Snake bite and poison R F O Chew and absorb the juice 50, 61, 68, 29, 40, 45, 82 W GC205
   Melilotus suaveolens Ledeb. Egug H 2 0.02 Herpes zoster L D O Crush and drink with water W GC186
   Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) Irwin & Barneby S 1 0.01 Cough, lung cancer, and brain problem L F D Crush, smash in water, filter then drink 40 W GC189
   Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Abish H 1 0.01 Gastric Sd D O Grind, mix with water, and drink 38, 78, 73 WH GC181
   Vicia faba L. Bakela H 6 0.06 Boils/furunclosis Sd D D Crush with teeth then paint 63, 80, 47, 84 WH GC109
        Nerve problem Sd D D Grind and mix butter then paint and stay on sunlight    
23. Geraniaceae Geranium arabicum Forssk. Mencherer H 7 0.08 Febrile illness R D DNO Crush the concoction, decoct, and use fume to fumigate 50, 29 W GC203
        Stomachache R F O Crush, decoct, and filter then drink    
24. Gingibraceae Zingiber officinale Rosc. Gingible H 5 0.06 Stomachache R F O Chew and swallow the juice/drink with tea 38, 36, 72, 37, 42, 61, 68, 77, 45, 67, 58, 74, 70, 65, 78, 81, 84 H GC231
        Swelling L F D Chew and tie    
25. Hypericaceae Hypericum quartinianum A.Rich Amujia S 2 0.02 Eczema R F/D D Crush and mix with 1-year stayed ash and camel’s feces then paint with butter 50, 46 W GC224
        Stomachache R,L F/D O Crush and immerse in water then drink    
26. Lamiaceae Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Tut astil H 2 0.02 Tonsillitis L F O Rub and squeeze then drink 46, 45, 70, 73 W GC214
   Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) Vatke Misroch S 3 0.04 Wound L F/D D Crush the concoction and tie/rub and tie alone 31, 38, 50, 3, 53, 48, 76, 63, 61, 68, 7729, 46, 40, 70, 78, 73, 83 W GC016
   Leonotis ocymifolia (Burm.f.) Iwarsson Ferezeng S 5 0.06 Brain problem L F/D O Crush the concoction and immerse in water then drink with honey 38, 50, 78 W GC192
        Swelling L D O Crush until powderized then drink with water    
   Meriandra dianthera (Roth ex Roem & schult.) Briq. Mentese S 3 0.04 Trachoma Fr D Op Burn the concoction and paint the eye with the ash 38 WH GC194
   Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth. Dama kesie/alemsela S 30 0.36 Headache, febrile illness L F O Cook and drink with coffee 31, 38, 79, 57, 54, 50, 42, 59, 76, 63, 61, 68, 29, 46, 45, 70, 65, 78, 81, 83, 84 WH GC129
        Febrile illness L F DNO Burn the concoction and fumigate    
   Plectranthus cylinderaceus Hochst. ex. Benth Tsezeteza H 6 0.06 Stomach problems L F O Squeeze then drink 29, 32 WH GC206
   Plectranthus lanuginosus (Hochst. ex Benth.) Agnew Aguacher H 3 0.04 Expel dusts in the eye L F Op Rub and drop the fluid then cover with cotton W GC216
   Salvia merjamie Forssk. Shehara kitel H 1 0.01 Bleeding L F D Rub and tie/paint 31 WH GC204
   Salvia nilotica Jacq. H 2 0.02 Bleeding L F D Squeeze then tie 68, 50, 46, 45 W GC233
        Ear mites L F Er Squeeze then cover with cotton    
27. Lobeliaceae Lobelia gibberoa Hemsl. Jibara T 3 0.04 Eye problem R F/D O Crush and immerse in water then drink   W GC119
        Impotency R F/D O Crush then mix with coffee and drink    
        Malaria R F/D O Crush and powderize then drink with water    
        Epilepsy Sd D O Give with Teff injera    
28. Loranthaceae Englerina woodfordioides (Schweinf.) Balle Yekinchib teketila H 4 0.05 Wound L D D Powder then paint 55 WH GC200
   Oncocalyx schimperi (A.Rich.)M Gilbert Yebedena teketila H 1 0.01 Dactylitis L F D Chew the concoction then tie W GC202
29. Malavaceae Sida tenuicarpa Vollesen Chifrg H 2 0.02 Eye problem R F Op Crush the concoction, squeeze, and insert 63 W GC153
   Gossypium barbadense L. Tit S 1 0.01 Eczema Sd D D Mix ash with honey then tie 63, 29 H GC096
30. Melianthaceae Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Azamir S 2 0.02 Rabies R and L F/D O Crush the concoction then drink with milk 78, 48, 54, 37, 40, 65, 42, 63, 29, 31, 70 W GC107
31. Menispermaceae Stephania abyssinica (Dillon & A. Rich.) Walp. H 4 0.05 Intestinal parasite R D O Powderize the concoction then drink with honey. After a few minutes, drink Tella 31, 59, 63, 50, 78, 68, 4065, 46, 47 W GC121
32. Mersinaceae Myrsine africana L. Kechemo S 1 0.01 Stomachache R and L F/D O Crush, immerse in water, and mix with butter and honey then drink 50, 78, 76, 29, 46, 40, 65, 55 W GC217
33. Moraceae Ficus carica L. Beles S 3 0.04 Eczema L F/D D Powder paint with butter/tie 31, 63, 80 W GC104
   Ficus sur Forssk. Sholla T 2 0.02 Cutaneous leishmaniasis R,L D D Powderize the concoction then paint with honey 1, 31, 48, 63, 46 W GC090
   Ficus vasta Forssk. Warka T 2 0.02 Stomachache R F O Chew and absorb the juice 31, 63, 68 W GC162
34. Moringaceae Moringa stenopetala (Bak.f.) Cuf. Shiferaw T 2 0.02 Hypertension L F O Squeeze then drink/crush then boil, filtrate, and drink 54, 68, 29, 70 WH GC178
35. Myricaceae Myrica salicifolia A. Rich. Shinet T 2 0.02 Evil eye and evil spirit B D N Crush powder then sniff with the nose 63, 65, 46 W GC106
        Liver problem B F/D O Crush the concoction and drink with honey    
        Joint pain Rb D O Crush and powderize then drink with honey    
36. Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Nech bahirzaf T 28 0.33 Febrile illness L F DNO Decoction and fumigate 31, 38, 50, 53, 54, 37, 42, 63, 68, 77, 46, 55, 67, 80, 65, 70, 78, 73, 83, 84 WH GC167
        Common cold L F DNO Decoction then fumigate    
        Appetite L D O Powderize the concoction and drink the decoction    
37. Olacaceae Ximenia americana L.. Enkoy S 3 0.04 Swelling R and L F O, D Chew and swallow the leaf/crush the root and tie 63, 77, 40, 75, 47, 81, 83 W GC054
        Stomachache R F O Powder ize then drink with water    
38. Oleaceae Jasminum abyssinicum Hochest. ex DC. Tenbelel Cl 3 0.04 Eye problem L F Op Crush and squeeze the concoction then insert with cotton 63, 65, 77 W GC012
   Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata L. Woira T 1 0.01 Dandruff R F/D D Crush and paint the concoction/crush and paint alone 31, 38, 50, 53, 34, 40, 48, 63, 46, 45, 80, 75, 70, 65, 47, 81 W GC079
39. Oliniaceae Olinia rochetiana A. Juss. T 1 0.01 Eczema L F D Crush and tie 50, 48, 46, 40, 65, 70 WH GC219
40. Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Yebere chew H 1 0.01 Tinea versicolor L F D Rub until recovery 70, 71 W GC227
41. Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L’Her. Mehan Endod Cl 3 0.04 Rabies R F/D O Grind then drink with water 31, 38, 63, 50, 78, 61, 68, 77, 40, 42, 59, 48, 54, 37, 29, 46, 55, 70, 65, 47, 81 W GC024
        Ascariasis R F/D O Crush the concoction, mix water then drink    
        Malaria R F O Crush the concoction and drink with water    
        Liver problem R F O Crush the concoction, mix water, filtrate then drink    
        Prevent snake poison L F O Squeeze then drink with honey    
42. Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. H 3 0.04 Spider poison L F D Powderize then paint together with butter 31, 38, 63, 50, 61, 77, 46, 65, 55, 70, 47 WH GC117
        Herpes zoster L F/D D Powderize then paint    
43. Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica L. Amera H 4 0.05 Hemorrhoid L F D Rub and tie 31, 38, 62, 79, 53, 40, 9, 63, 29, 70, 7159, 81 W GC128
        Snake bite R F/D D Take in the pocket when moving    
        Wound St,L D D Burn and paint together with butter    
44. Podocarpaceae Podocarpus falcatus L. Zigiba T 1 0.01 Asthma Sb D O Powderize, mix water, and put it 7 days in the ground then drink 50, 40, 65, 70, 81 H GC212
45. Polygalaceae Polygala sphenoptera Fresen. Kibie zelzil H 3 0.04 Snake poison, malaria R F/D O Peel, chew, and absorb the juice W GC208
        Stomachache R F/D O Chew and absorb the juice    
46. Polygonaceae Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Mekmeko H 1 0.01 Expel delayed embryo in the uterus R D O Powderize the concoction and add water then drink 31, 38, 37, 63, 68, 50, 77, 46, 70, 78, 47 W GC076
        Intestinal parasite R D O Powderize the concoction and add honey then drink. Drink Tella a few minutes later    
   Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Tult H 13 0.16 Over blood flow after birth L F Cut and drop on ground 31, 42, 59, 63, 68, 50, 54, 46, 40, 65, 45, 78, 73 W GC029
        Dandruff R F D Crush then wash with it    
        Stomachache R F O Crush and smash in, water then drink    
        Stomachache R F/D O Powderize the concoction and eat with butter    
        Bleeding and wound L F D Crush the concoction then tie/rub and tie alone    
   Rumex nervosus Vahl Enbuacho S 8 0.1 Warts L F/D D Crush the concoction, heat and put on the spot 31, 38, 50, 37, 63, 46, 78, 84 W GC177
        Wound L F/D D Crush then tie    
        Fire burn R D D Powderize then paint    
47. Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. Antra H 1 0.01 Hemorrhoid L F D Crush the concoction, mix with salt, and smash in water then tie on the spot 79, 32, 40 W GC193
48. Pteridiaceae Pteris dentata Forsskal Jero asfit H 2 0.02 Eczema L F/D D Burn and paint the powder W  
49. Ranunculaceae Clematis simensis Fresen. Azo hareg Cl 1 0.01 Cutaneous leishmaniasis R D D Powderize the concoction then paint together with honey 31, 63, 50, 78, 46, 40, 83 W GC043
   Ranunculus stagnalis Hochst. Ex A. Rich. Gudign H 4 0.05 Eczema L F/D D Crush the concoction then paint with butter W GC182
        Wound L F D Mix ash with butter then paint    
   Thalictrum rhynchocarpum Dill. & A. Rich. Sire-bizu H 3 0.04 Stomachache R F O Crush then smash in water, filtrate and drink 63, 50, 40, 65 W GC078
50. Rhamnaceae Rhamnus prinoides L’Her. Gesho S 18 0.21 Tonsillitis L F O Squeeze and drink 31, 38, 50, 57, 34, 37, 59, 63, 68, 65, 77, 29, 45, 47, 84 H GC094
   Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Kunkura/orsamisa S 8 0.1 Anthrax L F/D O Crush the concoction and add honey then eat 38, 79, 50, 51, 63, 77, 32, 75, 84 W GC163
        Dandruff L F/D D Crush and paint    
51. Rosaceae Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F.Gmelin Koso T 3 0.04 Intestinal parasite Ft F/D O Crush then eat with honey 31, 54, 37, 50, 42, 59, 29, 65, 55, 70, 47, 82 WH GC183
52. Rubiaceae Coffea arabica L. Bunna S 1 0.01 Asthma Sd D O Decoct and filtrate then drink 53, 40, , 37, 63, 68, 67, 65, 80, 56, 35, 38 H GC161
   Galium simense Fresen. Ashekt H 1 0.01 Tinea versicolor L F D Squeeze the concoction and paint until recovery 76 W GC195
   Rubia cordifolia L. Mencherer Cl 6 0.06 Broken bonee L F D Crush then tie with butter 31, 62, 48, 50, 63, 46, 40, 71 W GC110
        Cough, TB, lung cancer R D O Crush and smash in water in 3 days then drink    
        Cough L F/D O Powderize the concoction then drink with honey    
53. Rutacea Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle Lomy S 5 0.06 Acne Ft F D Squeeze and paint the juice 49, 37, 3, 60, 36, 63, 68, 29, 46, 65, 45, 55, 58, 69, 35, 74, 70, 73, 83 H GC169
        Stomach problem Ft F O Squeeze and drink    
        Tinea versicolor L F D Squeeze the concoction then paint    
   Citrus medica L. Tirngo T 1 0.01 Appetite Ft D O Powderize the concoction then drink the decoction 40, 60, 69 H GC185
   Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth. Linbich S 2 0.02 Evil spirit R D DNO Crush and fumigate 1, 48, 59, 76, 63, 46, 47, 81 W GC235
   Ruta chalepensis L. Tenadam H 14 0.15 Stomachache Ft, L F O Chew and absorb the juice 31, 38, 54, 37, 42, 59, 63, 68, 50, 40, 77, 29, 46, 45, 70, 65, 78, 47, 82, 83, 84 H GC236
        Evil eye Ft,L,St F/D O Chew and absorb the juice    
54. Santalaceae Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne Keret S 2 0.02 Rabies R F O Crush the concoction then drink with milk 31, 68, 79, 50, 78, 40, 46, 65 W GC237
   Thesium kilimandscharicum Engl. H 1 0.01 Dactylitis All F/D D Burn and paint the ash W GC218
55. Sapindaceae Dodonaea angustifolia L.f. Kitkita S 3 0.04 Trachoma R D Op Paint the concoction ash 31, 38, 54, 37, 5042, 63, 68, 46, 78, 40, 45, 55, 32, 65, 70, 73, 81 W GC036
        Wound L F/D D Paint the ash    
        Eczema L D D Powderize then paint together with butter and expose to sunlight    
56. Scrophulariaceae Verbascum sinaticum Benth. Kutitina H 4 0.05 Stomachache R F O Peel, chew, and absorb the juice 31, 38, 79, 59, 63, 50, 78, 46, 65, 45, 70, 73 W GC074
        Febrile illness R F O Crush, smash in water, and drink    
  Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. Karia/keto H 1 0.01 Malaria Ft F O Chop the concoction then eat 72, 3742, 63, 29, 46, 45 H GC026
   Datura stramonium L. Banje H 14 0.17 Dandruff L F/D D Crush the concoction then paint/crush and paint alone 31, 38, 79, 37, 50, 59, 76, 63, 61, 68, 40, 77, 29, 46, 45, 70, 65, 78, 73, 47, 83, 84 WH GC124
   Discopodium penninervium Hochst. Segelet S 2 0.02 Anthrax L F O Rub and squeeze then drink 29, 65 WH GC188
        Stomachache L F O Squeeze and drink with water    
   Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Timatim H 1 0.01 Malaria L F O Squeeze then drink 38, 78 WH GC207
        Excessive bleeding after birth L F Vl Rub and insert in a cloth    
   Nicotiana tabacum L. Tinbaho S 1 0.01 Evil spirit L F N Rub and insert in the nose 31, 38, 50, 48, 63, 68, 46, 40, 45, 70, 65, 83 WH GC080
   Solanum incanum L. Edi S 18 0.21 Wound L F/D D Crush then tie 31, 38, 34, 50, 53, 2, 76, 63, 68, 40, 77, 48, 29, 46, 45, 55, 66, 70, 73, 47, 81, 83 W GC059
        Bleeding L F N Rub and sniff    
        Bloating L F O Chop and make Wote then eat with Enjera    
        Swelling R F D Crush and tie    
        Headache R F/D DNO Fumigate    
        Scorpion poison R F/D O Chew and absorb the juice    
        Stomachache R F O Peel, chew, and absorb the juice    
   Solanum marginatum L.f. Geber enboy S 2 0.02 Scorpion poison R F O Chew and absorb the juice 38, 50, 59, 46, 65, 73, 81 W GC095
   Solanum nigrum L. Awut H 5 0.06 Dactylitis L F D Rub and tie 33, 49, 38, 63, 67, 66, 69, 71, 75, 82 W GC140
        Wound L F/D D Crush and tie    
        Herpes zoster L F/D D Crush the concoction then paint    
        Bleeding L F D Squeeze and paint    
        Liver problem L F O Crush and make Wote with butter then eat with Enjera    
   Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal in DC. Giziewa/ed ebudha S 11 0.13 Evil spirit L F/D DNO Fumigate 31, 38, 79, 50, 78, 3, 48, 37, 76, 63, 68, 77, 29, 46, 45, 32, 70, 65, 73, 82, 83, 84 WH GC048
        General ailments and epidemic R and L F/D DNO Rub the leaf then paint/burn the root and fumigate    
        Swelling R F/D D Crush and mix honey then tie/burn and add honey then paint    
57. Tiliaceae Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. Lenkuata S 2 0.02 Asthma and stomachache R,B F/D O Powder, the concoction then drink with honey and butter 31, 54, 40, 42, 63, 7746, 32, 47, 83 W GC123
   Grewia kakothamnos K.schum. Tieka S 2 0.02 Swelling L F D Chew and paint W GC198
58. Ulmaceae Celtis africana Burm.f S 1 0.01 Dactylitis L F/D D Crush then tie 65 W GC238
59. Urticaceae Urtica simensis Steudel Sama H 3 0.04 Warts L F D Squeeze then cream and rub on skin 50, 46 W GC223
60. Verbenaceae Verbena officinalis L. Atuch H 1 0.01 Stomachache R F/D O Chew and swallow the juice 31, 38, 50, 59, 78, 63, 29, 70, 81 WH GC069
61. Vitaceae Cayratia gracilis (Guill.&Perr.) Suesseng Aserkush H 2 0.02 Herpes zoster L F D Squeeze the concoction then paint 63 W GC222
   Cyphostemma cyphopetalum (Fresen.)Desc. Ex Wild & Drumm. Abawoldu H 1 0.01 Eczema L F D Squeeze the concoction then paint 64, 70 W GC234
   Rhoicissus tridentata (L.f)Wild & Drumm. Este haregawin Cl 2 0.02 Brain weakness R F/D O Powderize the concoction and mix honey then drink the decoction 38, 62 W GC230
  1. Habit: H herb, T tree, S shrub, Cl climber. Pu (plant parts used): L leaf, R root, B bark, Lx latex, Ft fruit, Fr flower, Sd seed, Sb stem bark, Rb root bark. Cp (condition of preparation): F fresh, D dry, F/D fresh or dry. RA route of administration: D dermal, O oral, N nasal; DNO dermal, nasal, and oral; Er ear; Op optical; Vl vaginal. Comparison with similar studies: similar uses, dissimilar uses, − no similar documentation found in the reviews. Ht (habitat): W wild, H home garden, WH wild and home garden