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Table 1 Medicinal and ethnoveterinary uses of cultivated plants

From: Use of cultivated plants and non-plant remedies for human and animal home-medication in Liubań district, Belarus

Plant taxon, family (voucher specimen code) Local names Used part(s) Preparation Recorded medical use(s) (treated disease) UC
Beta vulgaris L., Amaranthaceae буракі, свякла / buraki, sviakla roots fresh laxative 3
constipation 2
fresh, added to fodder fodder for cows, increase milk production 1
tubers juice drunk constipation 1
Allium cepa L., Amaryllidaceae лук, цыбуля / luk, cybulia bulbs baked rhinitis 1
baked, topical application rotten wounds 1
abscesses 3
wounds 1
boiled with milk cough 1
fresh helmitic infection 6
rhinitis 1
inhalation rhinitis 2
wellbeing 1
topical applicaton skin diseases 2
snake bites 1
whole plant fresh immune boosting 1
tea panacea 1
Allium sativum L., Amaryllidaceae (LJUD037) часнык, чэснок / časnyk, česnok bulbs fresh helmitic infection 7
cold 2
immune boosting 2
cough 1
rhinitis 1
alcohol maceration, topical application joint pain 1
necklace cold 1
prophylactics 1
steamed with milk helmitic infection 1
tea panacea 1
topical applicaton toothache 5
helmitic infection 1
rhinitis 1
fruits fresh cancer 1
seeds decoction good for pigs (vet) 2
rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
Anethum graveolens L., Apiaceae (LJUD014) кроп, укроп / krop, ukrop aerial parts boiled diarrhea in cows and pigs (vet) 1
decoction rumination problems in cows (vet) 1
dried spices 1
fresh spices for cucumbers 7
soup 5
spices 2
spices for soup 2
salad 1
spices for sauerkraut 1
seeds decoction increase cow milk production 1
dried spices 11
spices for meat 4
spices for sausages 3
spices for soup 3
condiment 1
spices for pork fat 1
spices for potatos 1
spices for salad 1
flatulence 1
stomachache 1
tea stomachache 4
burns 1
flatulence in children 1
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss, Apiaceae (LJUB134) пятрушка / piatruška aerial parts fresh men’s health 1
leaves fresh potency 1
Albuca bracteata (Thunb.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt, Asparagaceae лук індзійскі, кітайская цыбуля, вазон / luk indzijski, kitajskaja cybulia, vazon leaves alcohol maceration wellbeing 1
applied on aching joints 1
applied against reumatic pains 1
topical applicaton burns 2
Calendula officinalis L., Asteraceae (LJUD032) нагoткі, календула / nahotki, kaliendula aerial parts compress eye problems 1
tea sore throat 1
stomachache 1
topical applicaton cuts 1
flowers decoction gingival inflamation 1
hair care 1
alcohol maceration heart problems 1
tea stomachache 1
Helianthus annuus L., Asteraceae падсолнечнiк / padsolniečnik seeds fresh oil constipation 1
oil given rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
Helianthus tuberosus L., Asteraceae груша земляная, тапiнамбур, ціпанамбур / hruša ziemlianaja, tapinambur, cipanambur flowers tea diabetes 1
tubers fresh diabetes 1
fresh, fodder good for home animals (vet) 1
Brassica oleracea L., Brassicaceae капуста, капуснік / kapusta, kapusnik brine feeded rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
drunk constipation 2
leaves topical applicaton joint pain 6
headache 5
inflamation after injection 1
reumatic pains 1
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativus (L.) Domin, Brassicaceae редзька чёрная, рэдзіска / riedźka čiornaja, redziska roots eaten fresh wellbeing 1
kidney stones 1
rhinitis 1
Cannabis sativa L., Cannabaceae канапля / kanaplia seeds eaten fresh constipation 1
Callisia fragrans (Lindl.) Woodson, Commelinaceae (LJUB153) зелёный ус, залатой ус / zielionyj us, zalatoj us aerial parts alcohol maceration, topical application joint pain 1
tea cancer 1
Kalanchoe spp., Crassulaceae каланхое / kalanchoje leaves tea sore throat 1
topical applicaton wounds 1
sap drops into nose rhinitis 1
Cucumis sativus L., Cucurbitaceae агуркі / ahurki fruits fermented rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
appetizer for animals (vet) 1
Cucurbita pepo L., Cucurbitaceae гарбуз, тыква / harbuz, tykva fruits fresh fodder for pigs (vet) 1
seeds dried helmitic infection 2
fresh helmitic infection 2
Hippophae rhamnoides L., Elaeagnaceae (LJUB126) абляпіха / abliapicha fruits jam cold 1
oil burns 3
Pelargonium spp., Geraniaceae (LJUB112) герань / hierań leaves fresh into ear earache 2
inbetween cloth moth repellent 2
topical applicaton sedative 2
headache 2
Ribes nigrum L, Grossulariaceae смародзіна, чорная смародзіна / smarodzina, čornaja smarodzina fruits fresh diarrhea 1
hypertension 1
leaves tea cold 1
  diuretic 1
wellbeing 1
immune boosting 1
sore throat 1
shoots tea cold 1
strenghtening of organism 1
twigs bath diathesis in children 1
decoction cold 1
Ribes uva-crispa L., Grossulariaceae aгрэст, крыжоўнік / ahrest, kryžoŭnik fruits alcohol maceration soporific 1
stomachache 1
Hydrangea spp., Hydrangeaceae гартэнзія / hartenzija leaves topical applicaton earache 1
Hyssopus officinalis L., Lamiaceae iсоп / isop leaves tea cough 1
stomach problems 1
Leonurus quinquelobatus Gilib., Lamiaceae (LJUB004) пустырнік / pustyrnik aerial parts alcohol maceration heart problems 1
decoction heart problems 2
tea sedative 1
diarrhea 1
leaves tea heart problems 2
helmitic infection 1
root alcohol maceration heart problems 1
Melissa officinalis L., Lamiaceae меліса лімонная, мята лімонная, лімонка, мята перачная / mielisa limonnaja, miata limonnaja, limonka, miata pieračnaja leaves tea wellbeing 1
stomachache 1
Mentha spp., incl. Mentha ×piperita L., Lamiaceae (LJUB011) м’ята / mjata aerial parts decoction sedative 5
tea cough 2
headache 1
heart problems 2
hemorroids 1
sedative 1
topical applicaton wounds 1
Nepeta cataria L., Lamiaceae (LJUB072) меліса / mielisa aerial parts tea sedative 1
  cancer 1
kidney diseases 1
panacea 1
stomachache 1
Salvia officinalis L., Lamiaceae (LJUB025) шалфей / šalfiej aerial parts tea panacea 1
leaves tea toothache 1
diarrhea 1
Vicia faba L., Leguminosae боб, фасоль / bob, fasoĺ beans boiled diarrhea 1
diarrhea in cows (vet) 1
Linum usitatissimum L., Linaceae лён / lion seeds boiled diarrhea in cows (vet) 7
diarrhea in pigs (vet) 5
decoction rumination problems in cows (vet) 8
good for pigs (vet) 2
dried constipation in cows (vet) 1
oil men’s diseases 1
tea stomachache 2
Althaea officinalis L., Malvaceae алтэй / altej aerial parts tea cold 1
sedative 1
fed fresh rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
Paeonia spp., Paeoniaceae піон укланяюшчійся / pion uklaniajuščijsia roots alcohol maceration sedative 1
Cedrusspp., Pinaceae кедр / kiedr nuts dried macerated in strong alcohol 1
Piper nigrum L., Piperaceae перац горкі гарошкам, перац чорны / pierac horki haroškam, pierac čorny seeds fed weakness in chickens (vet) 1
fresh diarrhea 2
mixed with alcohol, drunk cold 2
rhinitis 1
Avena sativa L., Poaceae авёс / avios shoots decoction liver diseases 2
grains decoction cold 1
Oryza sativa L., Poaceae ріс / ris grains decoction diarrhea 3
Zea mays L., Poaceae (LJUD018) кукуруза / kukuruza silk tea liver diseases 1
Aronia spp. (Aronia × prunifolia (Marshall) Rehder (LJUB033) and Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott), Rosaceae aронія, рабіна чорная, рабіна чарнаплодная, чарнаплодка / aronija, rabina čornaja, rabina čarnaplodnaja, čarnaplodka fruits boiled diarrhea in pigs (vet) 1
dried diarrhea 2
panacea 1
fresh hypertension 2
hyperthyroidism 2
diarrhea 1
alcohol maceration hypertension 2
wellbeing 1
tea diarrhea 2
hypertension 1
liver diseases 1
leaves tea hypertension 1
Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach, Rosaceae aйва японская / ajva japonskaja fruits jam, raw wellbeing 1
Prunus cerasus L., Rosaceae (LJUB097) вішня, вішняк / višnia, višniak leaves tea sore throat 1
twigs tea cold 2
strenghtening of organism 1
Pyrus communis L., Rosaceae груша / hruša fruits dried diarrhea 4
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck; Rutaceae лімон / limon fruits fresh cold 1
Capsicum annuum L., Solanaceae (LJUD015) красный перец / krasnyj pieriec fruits alcohol maceration, topical application joint pain 1
Nicotiana spp., Solanaceae табак / tabak leaves tea, grugling toothache 1
Solanum tuberosum L., Solonaceae бульбa, картофель, картошка / buĺba, kartofieĺ, kartoška flowers topical applicaton joint pain 1
tubers boiled diarrhea in calves (vet) 1
candles hemorroids 3
compress eye inflamation 2
fresh, fodder for cows, produce more milk 2
fodder for pigs 1
smashed hot, applied on chest cough 1
inhalation of boiling water rhinitis 5
cold 2
cough 1
topical applicaton of fresh slices burns 3
skin diseases 2
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Theaceae чай (крепкі), чай чорны пакупны / čaj (kriepki), čaj čorny pakupny leaves from shop compress eye problems 7
decoction eye inflamation in cats (vet) 1
eaten dried diarrhea 1
tea diarrhea 1
Vitis spp., Vitaceae вінаград / vinahrad fruits fresh hypotension 1
Aloe spp. (mainly Aloe arborescens Mill.), Xanthorrhoeaceae альвас, гальяс, aлоэ, сталетнік / aĺvas, haĺjas, aloe, stalietnik leaves eaten fresh, mixed with honey cold 3
stomachache 1
alcohol maceration lung diseases 3
tuberculosis 1
topical applicaton wounds 3
burns 2
sap cooked lung diseases 1
drunk fresh cold 1
topical applicaton inflamation 1
cuts 1
joint pain 1
rotten wounds 1
wounds 4
washed with beauty procedure 1