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Table 2 Non-plant remedies used to treat humans and other animals

From: Use of cultivated plants and non-plant remedies for human and animal home-medication in Liubań district, Belarus

Remedy Local names Preparation Application UC
Anthill куча мурав’ёф / kuča muravjof ritual, literature based, bath epilepsy 1
Beer піва / piva forced to drink rumination problems in cow (vet) 3
poured on stones in sauna aromatherapy 1
Bile of the pig жэлчь ат свіней / želč́ at sviniej macerated in alcohol, topical application pain 1
Brandy каньяк / kańjak drunk kidney stones 1
Bread хлеб / chlieb mumbled on, allowed to eat to protect cows against snake bites (vet) 1
to protect cows (vet) 1
Bread, soft part of it мякіш хлеба / miakiš chlieba roll over the stomach, say words and then fed to a dog fright 1
Bread mold цвілы хлеб / ćvily chlieb scratched from bread, mixed with fat, smeared mastitis in cows (vet) 1
Brick кірпічына / kirpičyna sit on a bucket with hot water and hot brick women’s diseases 1
Broken hay, chaff дзёран / dzioran fodder vitamins for calves (vet) 2
Butter масла / masla heated until boiling, eaten diarrhea 1
Chicken navel skin плёначкі ад курыных пупкоў / plionački ad kurynych pupkoŭ dried, macerated in hot water diarrhea 1
Clay гліна / hlina fresh, fodder given to calves (vet) 2
diluted with water, forced to drink when an overheated horse has drunk cold water (vet) 1
fresh, additional fodder pigs, to make joints strong (vet) 1
Cow milk, freshly milked сырадой / syradoj washed with eye inflammation 1
Diesel oil дзізельнае масла, аўтол / dzizieĺnaje masla, aŭtol forced to drink rumination problems in cow (vet) 1
topical application skin diseases in pigs and piglets (vet) 1
Dog hair шэрсць сабакі / šersć sabaki cut and set on fire fright 2
Dung water or horse feces конскі гной, конскі кал / konski hnoj, konski kal dropped on sugar, eaten helminthic infection 1
fed helminthic infection in pigs (vet) 3
few drops put into glass of water, so person drinking it does not know helminthic infection 3
Egg яйка / jajka boiled, applied hot allergic rhinitis 1
boiled, applied hot sinusitis 1
boiled diarrhea (in children) 2
Egg and vodka яйцо з гарэлкаю / jajco z harelkaju mixed and forced to drink diarrhea in piglets (vet) 3
Egg yolk яічный жэлток / jaičnyj želtok salve made with oil of Helianthus annuus and egg yolk panacea 1
Egg white бялок яйца / bialok jajca applied fresh burns 1
Fat of the badger барсучья сала / barsuč́ja sala melted and smeared burns 1
Fat of the goose гусіны жыр / husiny žyr mixed with honey and applied with cabbage leaves on chest cough in children 3
Fat of the pig сала / sala fresh, topical application foot sores 1
fresh, topical application toothache 5
salted, topical application toothache 6
smeared on scalp to increase hair growth 1
topical application mastitis in cows (vet) 2
ointment made with turpentine, topical application aching legs 1
Fat of the ram барані жыр / barani žyr mixed with hot milk or honey and vodka cough 1
Fat of the sheep авечы жыр / aviečy žyr added to hot milk cold in children 1
salve made with root of Arctium spp. joint pain 1
Fat of the goose гусіны жыр / husiny žyr smeared burns 2
cold 1
earache 1
foot sores 1
Fat of the hedgehog вожыка жыр / vožyka žyr boiled, smeared burns 1
Fireplace grime сажа з коміна / saža z komina forced to eat diarrhea in calves (vet) 1
Flour мука / muka fodder additive to increase milk production in cows (vet) 3
Grasshopper конік, кузнечык, цвыркун / konik, kuźniečyk, cvyrkun topical application warts 2
Honey мёд / miod diluted with water, topical application eye problems 1
mixed with goose fat and applied with cabbage leaves on chest cough in children 3
eaten cold 2
cough 1
panacea 1
sore throat 1
stomach ache 1
topical application burns 1
mixed with hot milk, drunk cough 1
mixed with vodka, applied on throat sore throat 1
Honeybees пчала / pčala allowed to sting rheumatism 1
Honeybees, dead пчаліны падмур / pčaliny padmur macerated in alcohol (for 2 weeks) heart problems 2
hypertension 2
joint pain 1
Kefir кефір / kiefir drunk constipation 3
Lactic acid малочная кіслата / maločnaja kislata forced to drink rumination problems in cows (vet) 1
Laundry soap хазяйсцвеннае мыла / chaziajscviennaje myla ground, compress, external sore throat 2
ground, clyster constipation in cows (vet) 3
smeared mastitis in cows (vet) 1
topical application wounds 1
smeared mastitis in cows (vet) 5
Leftovers from moonshine distillation брага / braha forced to drink stomach ache in cows (vet) 1
Liquid left after making curds сыроватка (сываратка) / syrovatka (syvaratka) forced to drink rumination problems in cows (vet) 1
Lice вош / voš hidden in bread and given to eat jaundice 1
Meat of the badger барсук / barsuk boiled and eaten tuberculosis 1
Meat of the dog сабака / sabaka dried, eaten tuberculosis 1
made into cutlets tuberculosis 1
boiled and eaten tuberculosis 1
Milk of the cow малако / malako garlic added and sit in hot bath helminthic infection 1
forced to drink stomach problems in cows (vet) 1
heated, soda added, drunk sore throat 1
Milk of the cow, sour кіслае малако / kislaje malako drunk constipation 2
Milk of the goat казінае малако / kazinaje malako drunk allergies in children 3
drunk hot cough in children 3
topical application eye pain 1
drunk cancer 1
drunk asthma 1
heated, drunk with honey earache 1
  cough 3
heated, drunk with soda cough 3
Motor oil маторнае масла / matornaje masla forced to drink stomach problems in cows (vet) 1
Mussel shells or chalk ракушкі ці мел / rakuški ci miel broken, fodder additive to make egg-shells stronger (vet) 1
Oil алей / aliej drunk constipation 5
forced to drink rumination problems in cows (vet) 2
Petroleum керасін, кірасін / kierasin, kirasin compress sore throat 2
Petrol бензін, салярка / bienzin, saliarka applied on scratched warts warts 1
topical application eczema 1
Potassium permanganate марганцоўка / marhancoŭka drunk vomiting 1
weak solution, drunk diarrhea 1
Propolis праполіс / prapolis macerated in alcohol, topical application joint pain 4
macerated in alcohol, drunk panacea 2
stomach ache 1
macerated in strong alcohol sore throat 1
Rain water дажджавая вада / daždžavaja vada washed with hair care 1
Salt соль / soĺ dissolved in water, gurgling toothache 1
heated, topical application cystitis 3
earache 1
toothache 1
sore throat 1
heated and put into socks cough 1
mixed with vodka, drunk diarrhea 1
mixed with rye flour, heated, topical application sinusitis 1
ritual “salting” evil eye 1
Salted water салёная вада / salionaja vada side of the calve pierced and the mixture poured into wound rumination problems in calves (vet) 1
Snakeskin змяіная кожа / zmiainaja koža dried, topical application burns 1
Snakeskin (old) змеіная лінь (старая шкура) / zmieinaja liń (staraja škura) topical application pimples 1
Sand where chickens bathe пясок, дзе куры купаюцца / piasok, dzie kury kupajucca topical application warts 1
Sebaceous secretion of goose гусіны гной / husiny hnoj smeared on with leaves, topical application splinter in the finger 1
Snailshells or chalk ракушкі ці мел / rakuški ci miel broken, fodder additive to make chicken egg-shells stronger (vet) 1
Soda сода / soda bath foot sores 1
gurgling with solution sore throat 2
mixed with water, drunk cleaning of stomach 1
mixed with water, eyes washed eye pain 1
mixed with water, forced to drink rumination problems in goats (vet) 1
topical application burns 1
Spirits спірт / spirt drink one teaspoon every day against a fright from lightening, not to be nervous and nasty throughout life 1
smeared sore throat 1
topical application cold 1
eczema 1
joint pain 1
psoriasis 1
sore throat 1
Starch крахмал / krachmal eaten dry and water drunk afterwards diarrhea 1
mixed with cold water, drunk diarrhea 2
mixed with cold water, forced to drink diarrhea in calves (vet) 1
Sugar сахар / sachar topical application eye pain 1
wounds 1
Sweat of horses конскі пот / konski pot topical application warts 1
Tar дзёгаць, тавот / dziohać, tavot smeared red fever in pigs (vet) 1
scabs in pigs (vet) 1
Trichlorfon хларафос / chlarafos diluted, topical application skin diseases in pigs 1
Turpentine шпікідар / špikidar topical application on navel; dripped on sugar, eaten helminthic infection 1
Urine мача / mača compress joint pain 1
drunk fright 1
smeared mastitis in cows (vet) 4
topical application cancer 1
cuts 1
wounds 1
wounds in horses (vet) 1
Water, cold халодная вада / chalodnaja vada topical application headache 1
Wet cloth мокрая трапка / mokraja trapka put on cow stomach rumination problems in cows (vet) 1
Window “sweat” пот на вакне / pot na vaknie topical application eczema 1
burns 1
Vinegar уксус / uksus topical application warts 3
Vodka / moonshine гарэлка, водка, самагонка / harelka, vodka, samahonka applied on hole toothache 1
compress back pain 1
foot ache 1
sore throat 1
drunk diarrhea 1
panacea 1
stomach ache 1
forced to drink diarrhea in pigs (vet) 1
dog plague (vet) 2
goat kids’ illness (vet) 1
helminthic infection in dogs (vet) 1
rumination problems in cows (vet) 4
stomach ache in cows (vet) 2
smeared fever 1
mastitis in cows (vet) 2
stomach ache 1
smeared on soles cough 1
gurgled toothache 1
salted a bit and drunk diarrhea 1
topical application earache 2
Vodka and pepper гарелка з перцам / harielka z piercam mixed, drunk cold 2
rhinitis 1
diarrhea 1
stomach ache 1
Vodka, diluted with human urine водка разбавленая челавеческай мачёй / vodka razbavlienaja čielaviečieskaj mačioj given to drink when a person drinks too much alcohol 1
Yeast дрожжы / drožžy forced to eat stomach ache in cows (vet) 1