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Table 3 Distribution of emic disease categories among general disease categories and different domains. UCcp – Use Citation of cultivated platns, UCnonp –Use Citation of nonplant remedies, UCwp –Use Citation of wild plants. ΣUT/R – sum of used plant taxa / other remedies; FIC – Informant Consensus Factor

From: Use of cultivated plants and non-plant remedies for human and animal home-medication in Liubań district, Belarus

Emic disease categories / General disease category – ΣUT/R (FIC) UCcp UCnonp UCwp
Andrological 2 (0) 0 0
 Men’s diseases 1   
 Potency 1   
Cardiovascular 6 (0.64) 1 (1) 27 (0.62)
 Anemia    1
 Bad blood    1
 Haemostatic    4
 Heart diseases    9
 Heart problems 9 2 34
 Hypertension 7 2 34
 Hypotension 1   3
 Promotes bloodstream    2
 Thickening of blood    1
 Varix    4
 Vesical cleaning    1
Cosmetics 2 (0) 1 (0) 8 (0.67)
 Rejuvenating    2
 Beauty procedure 1   1
 Hair care 1 1 19
 Dandruff    1
Culture bound 0 6 (0.17) 2 (0.5)
 Against a fright from lightening   1  
 Evil eye   1 1
 Fright   5 1
 For women to be strong against men    1
Dermatological 10 (0.69) 20 (0.3) 21 (0.81)
 Abscesses 3   4
 Allergies    1
 Burns 11 9 7
 Cuts 2 1 7
 Eczema   2 2
 Foot sores   3 3
 Inflammation 1   1
 Inflammation after injection 1   
 Pimples   1  
 Psoriasis   1  
 Rotten wounds 2   1
 Scabies    1
 Skin diseases 4   4
 Splinter in the finger   1  
 Tumor    1
 Warts   8 10
 Wounds 10 3 62
Endocrinological 2 (0.5) 0 6 (0.29)
 Diabetes 2   5
 Hyperthyroidism 2   2
 Pancreas    1
Gastrointestinal 25 (0.59) 14 (0.52) 27 (0.78)
 Bile neutralizer    1
 Bile deficiency    1
 Cleaning of stomach   1  
 Constipation 7 10 4
 Gastritis    4
 Gastric ulcer    7
 Gall stones    1
 Dysentery    4
 Diarrhea 20 12 63
 Flatulence (in children) 2   
 Hemorrhoids 4   1
 Jaundice   1  
 Laxative 3   
 Liver diseases 4   17
 Low acidity    1
 Stomach problems 1   7
 Stomach ache 14 5 69
 Vomiting   1  
General health 12 (0.5) 7 (0.54) 46 (0.75)
 Allergies    2
 Appetizer    3
 Aroma therapy    1
 Body cleansing    5
 Bone strengthening    1
 Cancer 2 2 3
 CO-intoxication    2
 Diathesis in children 1   12
 Disinfectant    3
 Fever   1 3
 Good for health    6
 Hangover    1
 Wellbeing 7   49
 Immune boosting 4   7
 Inflammation processes    5
 Men’s health 1   
 Organism cleansing    7
 Pain    1
 Panacea 5 7 32
 Prophylactics 1   26
 Strengthening of organism 2   4
 Tonus support    1
 Washing hair    1
 Vitamins    4
Gynecological 0 1 (0) 6 (0.17)
 Women’s diseases   1 6
 To increase human milk production    1
Infection 5 (0.79) 5 (0.5) 8 (0.46)
 Anti-microbic    1
 Chickenpox    1
 Helminthic infection 20 6 9
 Scabies    1
 Tuberculosis 1 3 2
Musculoskeletal 14 (0.54) 9 (0.2) 22 (0.74)
 Back pain   1 7
 Bruises    3
 Foot ache   1 8
 For adhesion of bones    1
 Joint pain 12 9 50
 Knee ache    2
 Rheumatic pains 2 1 17
Nephrological and urological 3 (0) 2 (0.67) 18 (0.54)
 Cystitis   3  
 Diuretic 1   7
 Kidney diseases 1   29
 Kidney stones 1 1 1
 Urinary bladder problems    2
 Urinating problems    1
Neurological 8 (0.59) 2 (0) 18 (0.35)
 Calming    6
 Convulses    1
 Epilepsy   1 4
 Headache 8 1 11
 Insomnia    1
 Nerves    2
 Sedative 12   1
 Soporific 1   3
Ophthalmological 3 (0.78) 4 (0) 4 (0.84)
 Eye inflammation 2 1  
 Eye pain 2 2  
 Eye problems 6 1 16
 Improve vision    5
Oral and dental 4 (0.57) 3 (0.85) 4 (0.5)
 Gingival inflammation 1   
 Gingival bleeding    2
 Gingival diseases    1
 Gingival wound    1
 Periodontitis    1
 Teething pain in children    1
 Toothache 7 15 1
Other 1 (0) 0 1 (1)
 Antitoxic    1
 Snake bites 1   
Respiratory 18 (0.63) 16 (0.68) 26 (0.84)
 Asthma   1  
 Bronchitis    6
 Cold 19 7 94
 Cough 8 23 42
 Earache 3 5 1
 Expectorant    1
 Lung diseases 4   2
 Pneumonia    2
 Rhinitis 13 2 2
 Sinusitis   2  
 Sore throat 4 13