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Table 4 Ethnobotanical descriptions, uses, abundance; focal persons count (FC) and relative frequency citation (RFC) of 53 fodder grasses

From: Ethnobotanical studies of fodder grass resources for ruminant animals, based on the traditional knowledge of indigenous communities in Central Punjab Pakistan

Subfamily Voucher no. Binomial name Local name Palatable to Fodder part Feeding method Ethno veterinary uses Other uses RA FC(n) RFC
Pooideae LCWU-0360 Agrostis gigantea Roth. Lamba gaah Ca, Sh Leaves FG, MF used against allergic reactions NR C 85 0.62
LCWU-0385 Avena sativa L. Jai Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Aerial FG, MF Detoxifier Part of human food F 51 0.372
LCWU-0364 Bromus japonicus Thunb. Joukai Go, Sh Aerial FG, MF Treat constipation Crop cover during harsh winters C 82 0.599
LCWU-0386 Dactylis glomerata L. Gadu Go, Sh Leaves FG Diuretic NR O 33 0.241
LCWU-0387 Lolium temulentum Linn. Cockle Sh, Go Leaves FG Nervous disorders NR O 33 0.241
LCWU-0377 Phalaris minor Retz. Dumbi sitti Sh, Go Aerial FG Extract helpful to cure animal cough keep mouse at bay from wheat storage areas A 76 0.555
LCWU-0389 Poa annua L. Poa Ca Whole FG Remove debris from wounded area NR F 51 0.372
LCWU-0388 Poa infirma Kunth. Wakh Ca, Go Whole FG NR NR F 49 0.358
LCWU-0391 Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf. Malhar Sh, Go Aerial FG Infusions used to normalize the increased heart palpitations NR F 47 0.343
Arundinoideae LCWU-0361 Arundo donax L Nara bans, Nal Ca, Bu Leaves FG, MF Diuretic, Antiseptic Dried plant parts used as fuel and shelters. Stems also used to make flutes A 74 0.54
LCWU-0390 Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Dila Ca, Sh Leaves MF Digestive disorders Used in construction of adobe houses. The mature and dried stems also used in making of musical instruments. O 31 0.226
Aristidoideae LCWU-0391 Aristida adscensionis Linn. Lumb Gaah Ca, Sh Aerial FG Controls itching Revegetation, stabilizes sand dunes F 43 0.314
Chloridoideae LCWU-039 Acrachne racemosa (Heyne ex Roth) Ohwi Chinki Ca Whole FG NR Grain used by people in food scarcity O 29 0.212
LCWU-0369 Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers. Khabbal, Tala, Chaber Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG, MF Paste of leaves controls dysentery and anti-inflammatory to wounded areas of animal’s body NR A 95 0.693
LCWU-0370 Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Wild. Koora, Madanah Ca, Sh Whole FG Used to reduce after birth abdominal pains NR A 78 0.569
LCWU-0371 Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf Kusa, Dab Ca, Bu Aerial FG, MF Digestive disorders, Dysentery Used as roof covers and in making of brooms A 76 0.555
LCWU-0373 Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Chezi Ca Aerial FG, MF Cure digestive disorders Used in making ropes and mats A 91 0.664
LCWU-0392 Enneapogon persicus Boiss. Jiu Ca Whole FG NR NR F 46 0.336
LCWU-0395 Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. Panghas Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG, MF NR NR F 48 0.35
LCWU-0374 Eragrostis minor Host. Choti ghas Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG, MF Digestive disorders seeds used as food in food scarcity times A 90 0.657
LCWU-0393 Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. Nika sanwak Ca, Bu, Sh, Go, Whole FG Help to cure contusion NR O 52 0.38
LCWU-0398 Leptochloa panicea (Retz.) Ohwi Paja Ca Whole FG NR Basketry material R 33 0.241
LCWU-0399 Tetrapogon villosus Desf. Sager Ca Aerial FG NR NR R 39 0.285
Panicoideae LCWU-0400 Apluda mutica L. Tachuli Ca Aerial FG Disinfectant, Digestive disorders used for thatching with combination of other grass materials R 30 0.219
LCWU-0362 Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T. Blake Palvan Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Aerial FG, MF Improves digestion helps in re vegetation A 91 0.664
LCWU-0363 Brachiaria ramosa (Linn.) Stapf Sawari, Jhanda Ca Whole FG Leaves work as antiseptic NR F 51 0.372
LCWU-0396 Brachiaria reptans (Linn.) Gardner & Hubbard Hausa Ca Whole FG Leaves juice helps to cure anaemia, also used as laxatives Sometime seeds used as food C 84 0.613
LCWU-0397 Cenchrus biflorus Roxb. Bhurat Ca, Bu Aerial FG Diuretic NR F 52 0.38
LCWU-0365 Cenchrus ciliaris L. Dhaman Ca, Bu Aerial FG, MF Diuretic NR A 88 0.642
LCWU-0366 Cenchrus pennisetiformis Steud. Bara Dhaman Ca, Bu Whole FG NR Herbicidal C 80 0.584
LCWU-0401 Cenchrus setiger Vahl. Kala dhaman Ca Aerial FG Antiseptic NR R 35 0.255
LCWU-0367 Chrysopogon aucheri (Boiss.) Stapf Khar, Chorkanda Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Aerial FG, MF Digestive disorders NR A 78 0.569
LCWU-0368 Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty Vetiver, Khuss Ca Leaves FG, MF Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory Used in rehabilitation of land, also for making barriers around territories A 78 0.569
LCWU-0402 Cymbopogon jwarancusa (Jones.) Schult Khavi, Kathori Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG Diuretic and improve fertility in bull Extract used as mosquito repellent O 28 0.204
LCWU-0372 Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf Palwan, Murgha Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG, MF Digestive disorders Considered herbicidal A 91 0.664
LCWU-0403 Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler Shamokha Sh, Go Whole FG NR NR O 50 0.365
LCWU-0407 Digitaria longiflora (Retz.) Pers. Deeta Sh, Go Whole FG NR NR O 45 0.328
LCWU-0408 Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Jungli chowol Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG Digestive disorders Stems are used for weaving mats and sometime used as food. F 52 0.38
LCWU-0404 Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Sanwak Ca Whole FG Digestive disorders Seldom used for reclamation of alkaline soils O 48 0.35
LCWU-0375 Heteropogon contortus (L.) P Beauv. Ex. Roem & Schult. Pili, Butto jara Ca Aerial FG, MF Digestive disorders handicrafts and thatching C 73 0.533
LCWU-0376 Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel Siru Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG Fumigant for Piles biological pesticide A 83 0.606
LCWU-0405 Ottochloa compressa (Forssk.) Hilu Chimbar, Phalwan Ca Aerial FG NR NR R 35 0.255
LCWU-0406 Panicum antidotale Retz. Gharam Ca Whole FG Disinfectant NR O 61 0.445
LCWU-0409 Paspalidium distichum L. Knot grass Ca Whole FG NR NR O 53 0.387
LCWU-0501 Pennisetum orientale Rich. Haathi ghaa Ca Whole FG Oral infections NR O 60 0.438
LCWU-0378 Saccharum bengalense Retz. Kana, Sarkand A Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Leaves FG, MF Leaves used to treat oral problems of ruminants Dried plants used as fuel, thatching and making of writing pens C 78 0.569
LCWU-0379 Saccharum spontaneum L Kaa Ca Leaves MF, FG Root help to relieve in inflammation and urinary problems Used as paper pulp as well as in making of ropes, baskets and brooms. C 76 0.555
LCWU-0381 Setaria pumila (Poir) Roem. & Schult. Ban kangni Ca Aerial FG, MF Oral infections Used to tie knot bundles of grain together A 85 0.62
LCWU-0500 Setaria verticillata (L.) P. Beauv. Barchittas Sh, Go Leaves FG Flatulence problem Used in making of baskets O 27 0.197
LCWU-0380 Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Kangni Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Whole FG, MF Seeds used to treat bruises and also effective as diuretic. NR A 91 0.664
LCWU-0382 Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Jowar Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Aerial FG, MF Help to cure wounds, anaemia and constipation Part of human food and also used to make sweet syrups C 78 0.569
LCWU-0383 Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Baru Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Aerial FG, MF Decotion of root used to reduce the swelling of mammary glands As fuel A 86 0.628
LCWU-0384 Zea mays L. Makai Ca, Bu, Sh, Go Leaves FG, MF Treat sores and skin problems Kernel and oil used as food for humans A 87 0.635
  1. NR Not Reported, FG Free grazing, MF Mixed with feed, Ca Cattle, Bu Buffalo, Sh Sheep, Go Goat, RA Relative abundance, A Abundant, C Common, F Frequent, O Occasional, R Rare