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Table 1 Ritual plants used by the Naxi in Baidi, Northwest Yunnan province, China

From: The implications of ritual practices and ritual plant uses on nature conservation: a case study among the Naxi in Yunnan Province, Southwest China

Order Scientific name Family cLocal name Habit Usage Parts used Use frequency Specimen number
1 Acorus calamus L. Acoraceae changpu Herb on many occasions, for decorating incense table and suspending on the door leaves *** PHO1408
2 Pistacia weinmanniifolia J. Poisson ex Franchet Anacardiaceae yizhu Shrub on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** GH55
3 Artemisia argyi H. Lév. & Vaniot Asteraceae bu Herb on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** GH93
4 Artemisia carvifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Asteraceae haozhi Herb on many occasions, for suspending on the door branch *** GH134
5 Hippolytia delavayi (Franch. ex W. W. Smith) Shih Asteraceae buna Herb on many occasions, for suspending on the door and tied to the body on Duanwujie branch *** GH114
6 Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook. Cephalotaxaceae shanshu Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** PHO1495
7 Hypericum forrestii (Chittenden) N. Robson Clusiaceae muwanni Shrub on Duanwujie (Dragon Boat Festival), for decorating incense table branch, flower ** GH174
8 Cornus officinalis Sieb. & Zucc. Cornaceae amudagu Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch ** GH276
9 Dendrobenthamia capitata (Wall.) Hutch Cornaceae laka Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch, flower *** GH86
10 Juniperus chinensis L. Cupressaceae bashu Tree on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** PHO1493
11 Rhododendron decorum Franch. Ericaceae niziba Shrub on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch, flower *** GH119
12 Campylotropis polyantha (Franch.) Schindl. Fabaceae ba Shrub on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony), for decorating heaven-worshipping altar and headwaters branch, flower * GH142
13 Quercus aliena Blume Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH99
14 Quercus aquifolioides Rehd. & E. H. Wils. Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH62
15 Quercus cocciferoides Hand.-Mazz. Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH188
16 Quercus fimbriata Chun & Huang Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH186
17 Quercus pannosa Hand.-Mazz. Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH269
18 Quercus sp1 Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH98
19 Quercus sp2 Fagaceae laba Shrub or Dungarunga on many occasions, for burning, suspending on the door and sticking into the hair branch **** GH185
20 Punica granatum L. Lythraceae shiliu Dungarunga on many occasions, for decorating incense table branch, flower ** PHO1490
21 Myrsine africana L. Myrsinaceae azabagong Shrub for burning branch * GH76
22 Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. Oleaceae xuge Shrub or Dungarunga for making joss stick by a few people branch, flower *** GH112
23 Picea likiangensis (Franch.) E. Pritz. Pinaceae shanshu Tree on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** PHO1492
24 Pinus armandii Franch. Pinaceae situobei Tree on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** GH250
25 Pinus yunnanensis Franch. Pinaceae situobei Tree on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** GH356
26 Tsuga chinensis (Franch.) Pritz. Pinaceae shanshu Tree on many occasions, for burning and suspending on the door branch *** PHO1494
27 Hordeum vulgare L. Poaceae mai Herb on 7th and 8th February, for spreading on the burning plants seed powder * GH146
28 Amygdalus persica L. Rosaceae buji Dungarunga on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony); for decorating heaven-worshipping altar and headwaters branch, flower * GH170
29 Armeniaca vulgaris Lam. Rosaceae buka Dungarunga on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony), for decorating heaven-worshipping altar and headwaters branch, flower * PHO1491
30 Philadelphus delavayi L. Henry Rosaceae saka Dungarunga on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony), for decorating heaven-worshipping atar and headwaters branch, flower * PHO1497
31 Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai Rosaceae lishu Dungarunga on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony), for decorating heaven-worshipping altar and headwaters branch, flower * PHO1410
32 Leptodermis sp Rubiaceae ba Shrub on 7th February (the Heaven Worshipping Ceremony), for decorating heaven-worshipping altar and headwaters branch, flower * PHO1494
  1. Species in inventory are arranged firstly by family taxa and then by genus taxa. Stars * in Row Use frequency represent the use intensity, and more *, more preferred. Voucher number with PHO means voucher photograph number, and the one without PHO means voucher specimen number