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Table 4 Farmers’ classification of termites in the function of the type of mounds and termite pest species identified by farmers (n = 94)

From: Farmers’ perception of termites in agriculture production and their indigenous utilization in Northwest Benin

Types of nest Vernacular name (sociolinguistic group) Scientific name Percentage of responses
Big termite mounds Touap-tikanda (Biali), Toukouéma (Waama), Gangaré (Peulh), Ditouré (M’bermin), Atoubi (M’bermin), Tounidé (Waama), Dikpéri (Ditamari) Macrotermes subhyalinus (Rambur, 1842) 24.24
Toubanga (Bariba), Ditour (Ditamari), Macrotermes bellicosus (Smeathman, 1781) 12.69
Small termite mounds Touapiyotouhinsi (Biali), Toubarma (Waama), Mohibodédji (Peulh), Dikoutor (Ditamari) Trinervitermes oeconomus (Trägårdh) 15.38
Dikoutori (M’bermin), Toumégan (Waama) Trinervitermes togoensis (Sjöstedt) 6.92
Toukourokou or Gotourou (Bariba) Trinervitermes trinervius (Rambur) 9.23
Itoubouo (Ditamari) Trinervitermes geminatus (Wasmann) 0.38
Mambotoumien (Ditamari) Microcerotermes sp. 3.46
Wood, straw roof, plant debris, dead leaves Touapopoué (Biali), Mohidamédji (Peulh), Toukouba (Bariba), Mankotobi (Ditamari), Ntoubomin (M’bermin), Dibi (Ditamari) Amitermes evuncifer (Silvestri) 24.24
Nsomin (M’bermin) Microtermes sp. 2.69
Cap-shaped termite mounds Kouba (Bariba) Cubitermes fungifaber (Sjöstedt) 0.77