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Table 2 Edible uses of plants

From: Naukan ethnobotany in post-Soviet times: lost edibles and new medicinals

Species Part UVpres UVpast Maintained uses Lost uses Gained uses
Alariaceae
Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht Blades 2 1.9 Midrib eaten raw, whole blade dried and added to boiling meat Midrib eaten fresh in salads
Amarillydaceae
Allium shoenoprasum L. Total 1.5 1.17    
Leaves 1.33 1.17 Eaten fresh with meat Salted to store
Flowers 0.17 0 Salted to store
Asteraceae
Petasites frigidus (L.) Fr. Leaves 0.31 1.12 Gathered young, eaten with seal oil and meat Stored in seal oil with Saxifraga nelsoniana
Crassulaceae
Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. Leaves, stems 1.44 1.44 Fermented, eaten later with meat and fat Fermented juice was eaten with walrus chest Eaten with sugar
Cyperaceae
Eriophorum angustifolium Honck. Tuber 0.08 0   Gathered from vole nests, eaten with seal oil
Ericaceae
Empetrum nigrum L. Berries 2 1.4 Eaten plain, with seal oil Stored in seal oil Jam, kompot, juice, wine, eaten with sugar, reindeer stomach
Vaccinium uliginosum L. Berries 1.5 1.33 Eaten plain, with seal oil Picked green, stored in seal oil Jam, eaten with sugar
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Berries 1.81 0.81 Eaten plain, with seal oil   Jam, kompot, mors, eaten with sugar, put in tea
Fabaceae
Hedysarum hedysaroides (L.) Schinz & Thell. Tuber 0.38 0.62 Harvested from ground in the fall, eaten with sea mammal fat Harvested from vole caches, roots stored in oil for winter
Fucaceae
Fucus evanescens C.Agardh Receptacles 0.19 0 Eaten raw
Laminariaceae
Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamouroux Blades 0.8 0.7 Eaten raw, dried and put in with boiling meat Put in Russian style salad, pirogi
Montiaceae
Claytonia acutifolia Pall. ex Schult. Tuber 0 0.27 Boiled in liquid sea mammal fat and eaten with meat
Claytonia tuberosa Pall. ex Schult. Tuber 0 0.62 Boiled in liquid sea mammal fat and eaten with meat
Onagraceae
Epilobium latifolium L. Leaves 1.4 1.2 Lightly boiled, pressed and stored moist, eaten with meat Dried to store
Orobanchaceae
Pedicularis verticillata L. Total 1 1.07    
Flowers 1 0.93 Eaten fresh on the tundra Put in with fermenting Rhodiola
Tuber 0 0.14 Eaten raw with seal oil
Polygonaceae
Persicaria bistorta (L.) Total 1.71 1.82    
Leaves 1.06 0.94 Eaten with seal oil and dried meat
Flowers 0.65 0.59 Eaten raw with seal oil and meat, children eat plain
Tuber 0 0.29 Eaten raw with seal oil  
Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill Total 1.93 1.33    
Leaves 1.73 1 Eaten fresh with meat, seal oil and other greens Mors, kompot, kisel, put in soup, eaten with vegetable oil
Flowers 0.2 0.33 Eaten fresh with seal oil, plain Drink made with water Eaten with soup
Polygonum tripterocarpum A. Gray ex Rothr. Leaves, stems 0.7 0.4 Eaten with seal oil Eaten with seal oil and seal blood
Rumex arcticus Trautv. Total 1.88 1.06    
Leaves 1.69 0.81 Store in seal oil with Saxifraga nelsoniana, eaten with meat Kompot, jam, put in soups, salads, fermented with Rhodiola
flowers 0.19 0.25 Eaten with seal oil Boiled in water to make drink Kompot
Ranunculaceae
Anemone sibirica L. Aerial parts 0 0.21 Put in seal oil with Saxifraga nelsoniana for taste
Rosaceae
Dryas incisa Juz. Flowers 1 0.93 Eaten fresh with seal oil and dried meat Eaten in Russian style salads
Rubus chamaemorus L. Berries 1.81 1.38 Eaten plain, with seal oil, with other berries Stored in seal oil, eaten with reindeer fat Jam, kompot, syrup, eaten with sugar, kefir
Salicaceae
Salix pulchra Cham. Leaves 1.07 0.36 Put in fresh with boiling meat Walrus skin cooked in juice Dried or stored moist, eaten with boiled meat
Salix arctica Pall. Total 0 0.57    
Leaves 0 0.14 Eaten with seal oil and meat
Flowers 0 0.43 Eaten with seal oil and meat, kids chewed new buds like gum
Saxifragaceae
Saxifraga nelsoniana D. Don Leaves 1 1 Leaves stored in seal oil, eaten with meat
Saxifraga oppositifolia L. Flowers 0 1 Eaten with sea mammal oil and dried meat