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Table 3 Medicinal uses of plants

From: Naukan ethnobotany in post-Soviet times: lost edibles and new medicinals

Genus

Species

Part

UVpres

UVpast

Maintained uses

Lost uses

Gained uses

Alariaceae

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht

Stem

0.1

0

Contains iodine, good for general health a

Apiaceae

Angelica gmelinii (DC.) Pimenov

Total

0.72

0.57

   

Root

0.57

0.57

Smoke good for coughs, asthma, aiding childbirth preventing illness in general, decoction used for headache

Leaves

0.14

0

Eaten or used to make a steam bath to treat cold and cough

Asteraceae

Artemisia tilesii Ledeb.

Leaves, stem

0.19

0

Tea or steam bath for cough, steam bath for leg pain b

Petasites frigidus (L.) Fr.

Leaves

0.44

0

Tea for cough and colds, steam bath for colds b

Crassulaceae

Rhodiola integrifolia Raf.

Root

0.44

0

Tincture is tonic b, helps sore throats; cold water infusion for mood improvement and stomach problems b; warm water infusion used externally to strengthen hair

Ericaceae

Empetrum nigrum L.

Berries

0.2

0

Lower blood pressure c and help diarrhea when eaten

Rhododendron tomentosum Harmaja

Leaves

0.31

0

Expectorant tea for coughs and colds b

Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.

Total

0.75

0

   

Berries

0.38

0

Colds c and fevers; high blood pressure b; heart health

Leaves

0.38

0

Tea for colds c, high blood pressure, diuretic b, steam bath as expectorant c

Laminariaceae

Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamouroux

Stem

0.09

0

Contains iodine, good for general health d

Onagraceae

Epilobium latifolium L.

Leaves

0.47

0.47

Good for diarrhea when eaten

Polygonaceae

Polygonum tripterocarpum A. Gray ex Rothr.

Leaves

0.1

0.1

Good for diarrhea when eaten

Rosaceae

Rubus chamaemorus L.

Sepals

0.81

0

Tea for colds, cough, sore throat b, steam inhaled for asthma

Salicaceae

Salix pulchra Cham.

Leaves

0.14

0.14

Good for diarrhea when eaten

  1. aBarashkov [35] (This source deals with the biochemistry of algae species.)
  2. bKrylov [36] (This source treats Soviet medical use and traditional uses of plant species in western Siberia.)
  3. cBarnaulov et al. [38] (This source lists traditional Russian uses and biochemical properties of edible fruits and berries.)
  4. dTrofimov [37] (This source deals with the biochemistry of algae species.)