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Table 3 The 16 most frequently mentioned famine food species during the 78 interviews, drawn from the combined data of the free-listing and the checks with the preliminary list of famine food species

From: Famine food of vegetal origin consumed in the Netherlands during World War II

Scientific name Common name (English) Parts used Citation frequency [%]
Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris var. altissima Sugar beet Tuber 85
Tulipa spp. Tulip Bulb 59
Solanum tuberosum Potato Tuber peel 45
Cichorium intybus var. sativum a Chicory Root 19
Urtica dioica Common nettle Leaves 17
Rubus spp. b Blackberry Fruit 15
Fagus sylvatica Beech Nut 12
Rosa spp. b Rose Fruit 9
Raphanus sativus Radish Foliage 9
Juglans regia English walnut Seed 8
Castanea sativa Sweet chestnut Seed 8
Rumex spp. b Sorrel Leaves 8
Taraxacum officinale Common dandelion Leaves 6
Daucus carota subsp. sativum Carrot Leaves 5
Brassica oleracea convar. oleracea var. gemmifera Brussel sprouts (fodder) Leaves, stems 5
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. crassa Fodder beet Tuber 5
  1. aExcluded from our statistical analysis because it was unclear whether this coffee substitute was of wild or cultivated origin
  2. bProbably more than one species in this genus was consumed