Skip to main content

Table 3 Mixtures and combinations used by women in Mecca

From: Medicinal plants used by women in Mecca: urban, Muslim and gendered knowledge

Mixture Medicinal plants included (vernacular and scientific names)
Mix1 Qashr albun (Coffea arabica), nakhel, tamr (Phoenix dactylifera), kamun (Cuminum cyminum)
Mix2 Zeetoun (Olea europaea), limon (Citrus sp.)
Mix3 Zeetoun (Olea europaea), dakhun (Pennisetum glaucum)
Mix4 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), karawia (Carum carvi), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare)
Mix5 Marr (Commiphora myrrha), rashad, thafa (Lepidium sativum), haba sawda (Nigella sativa)
Mix6 Shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis), kamun (Cuminum cyminum)
Mix7 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), kamun (Cuminum cyminum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare)
Mix8 Nena (Mentha sp.), shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix9 Karawia (Carum carvi), helba (Trigonella foenum-graecum), kamun (Cuminum cyminum)
Mix10 Nena (Mentha sp.), shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis)
Mix11 Qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum), hal (Elettaria cardamomum), qashr albun (Coffea arabica)
Mix12 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare)
Mix13 Helba (Trigonella foenum-graecum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare), yansun (Pimpinella anisum)
Mix14 Qashr albun (Coffea arabica), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare), yansun (Pimpinella anisum), haba sawda (Nigella sativa)
Mix15 Nena (Mentha sp.), limon (Citrus sp.), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix16 Limon (Citrus sp.), kamun (Cuminum cyminum)
Mix17 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), bardaqush (Origanum majorana)
Mix18 Marr (Commiphora myrrha), karrakum (Curcuma longa)
Mix19 Marr (Commiphora myrrha), haba sawda (Nigella sativa), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare), nankha (Trachyspermum ammi)
Mix20 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis)
Mix21 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), qashr albun (Coffea arabica)
Mix22 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), kozbra (Coriandrum sativum)
Mix23 Nena (Mentha sp.), bardaqush (Origanum majorana), habaq (Ocimum sp.)
Mix24 Marr (Commiphora myrrha), shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis)
Mix25 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), karrakum (Curcuma longa)
Mix26 Kaff maryam (Anastatica hierochuntica), halatayta (Ferula assa-foetida), marr (Commiphora myrrha)
Mix27 Basham (Commiphora gileadensis), roman (Punica grantum), qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum)
Mix28 Nena (Mentha sp.), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix29 Aklel aljabal (Rosmarinus officinalis), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix30 Limon (Citrus sp.), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix31 Limon (Citrus sp.), nena (Mentha sp.)
Mix32 Qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum), haba sawda (Nigella sativa), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix33 Haba sawda (Nigella sativa), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum)
Mix34 Qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum), hal (Elettaria cardamomum)
Mix35 Qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum), hana (Lawsonia inermis)
Mix36 Basham (Commiphora gileadensis), adhkhur (Cymbopogon schoenanthus)
Mix37 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum)
Mix38 Nena (Mentha sp.), limon (Citrus sp.), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix39 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), shay, shay akhdar (Camellia sinensis), nena (Mentha sp.)
Mix40 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), flfl abyad, flfl aswad (Piper nigrum)
Mix41 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), limon (Citrus sp.), qashr albun (Coffea arabica)
Mix42 Sana maki (Cassia senna), tamrr hindi, homar (Tamarindus indica)
Mix43 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), kamun (Cuminum cyminum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare)
Mix44 Kamun (Cuminum cyminum), karrakum (Curcuma longa)
Mix45 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), kamun (Cuminum cyminum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare), haba sawda (Nigella sativa)
Mix46 Bsal (Allium cepa), limon (Citrus sp.)
Mix47 Helba (Trigonella foenum-graecum), yansun (Pimpinella anisum), shamr (Foeniculum vulgare)
Mix48 Haba sawda (Nigella sativa), yansun (Pimpinella anisum), qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum)
Mix49 Qashr albun (Coffea arabica), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale)
Mix50 Hargal (Solenostemma argel), raond (Rheum sp.)
Mix51 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum)
Mix52 Zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), nena (Mentha sp.), kamun (Cuminum cyminum)
Mix53 Nena (Mentha sp.), helba (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
Mix54 Qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum), zanajabil (Zingiber officinale), hal (Elettaria cardamomum)
Mix55 Helba (Trigonella foenum-graecum), mash (Vigna radiata)
Mix56 Yansun (Pimpinella anisum), habaq (Ocimum sp.)
Mix57 Qashr albun (Coffea arabica), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum)
Mix58 Portokal (Citrus sinensis), limon (Citrus sp.)
Mix59 Mhallab (Prunus mahaleb), hana (Lawsonia inermis), qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum)
Mix60 Qashr albun (Coffea arabica), qurfa (Cinnamomum verum), qrnfol (Syzygium aromaticum)
Mix61 Nim (Azadirachta indica), harmal (Rhazya stricta), sader (Ziziphus spina-christi)
Mix62 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), limon (Citrus sp.)
Mix63 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), qashr albun (Coffea arabica)
Mix64 Nankha (Trachyspermum ammi), haba sawda (Nigella sativa), rashad, thafa (Lepidium sativum)
Mix65 Rashad, Thafa (Lepidium sativum), nakhel, tamr (Phoenix dactylifera)
Mix66 Haba sawda (Nigella sativa), nakhel, tamr (Phoenix dactylifera)
Mix67 Hargal (Solenostemma argel), raond (Rheum sp.), hndba (chicory), aomloj (Phyllanthus cf.)