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Table 1 Magico-religious animals and their major uses with their fidelity Level

From: Magico-religious and social belief of tribals of district Udaipur, Rajasthan

S. no. Scientific name Common name Tribal names Parts and their uses No. of respondents claimed (n) Fidelity level (FL) Tribes
1 Athene brama (Temminck, 1821) Spotted owlet Chhibra Charms are made out of its bones, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 49 89% Meena
2 Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus, 1758) Striped hyena Hiyaliya Fumes of burnt flesh to be inhaled by the sick for these are thought to drive evil spirits away 12 21% Meena
3 Geochelone elegans (Schoepff, 1795) Indian star tortoise Kasba Skeleton and is believed that these drive evil spirits away. 23 41% Bhil, Meena
4 Corvus macrorhynchos (Wagler, 1827) Jungle crow Dodh Kagda Charms are made out of bones, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away. 9 16% Meena
Eggs are eaten for telepathy power 18 33% Meena
5 Hemidactylus frenatus (Schlegel, 1836) Common lizard Kangetia Tail tied in waist and it is believed that this kept disease away 11 20% Meena
6 Canis aureus (Linnaeus, 1758 [) Jackal Gadarda Charms are made out of bones, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 9 16% Meena
7 Panthera tigris tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Tiger Vanraj Charms are made out of nails, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 53 96% Meena, Bhils, and Kathodi
8 Melursus ursinus (Shaw,1791) Sloth bear Rechha Charms are made out of nails and bone, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 47 85% Kathodi
9 Ocyceros birostris (Scopoli, 1786) Indian gray hornbill Dhanada Charms are made out of bill, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 43 78% Meena, Bhils
10 Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1758) Wild boar Sukar Charms are made out of bones, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 8 14% Meena
11 Pteropus giganteus (BrĂ¼nnich, 1782) Bat Chakchoondar Charms are made out of bones, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 17 31% Meena
12 Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) Crocodile Magur Bones are used to drive evil spirits away 7 13% Meena, Bhils
13 Hystrix indica (Kerr, 1792) Porcupine Sehli Its spines are kept in the house with a belief that they drive off evil spirits and disease-causing elements 29 53% Bhil, Kathodi
14 Bos taurus indicus (Linnaeus,1758) Cow Gau Spray of a urine to drive evil away 55 100% Meena, Bhils, and Kathodi
15 Panthera pardus fusca (Meyer, 1794) Leopard Cheetra Charms are made out of nails, and it is believed that these drive evil spirits away 50 91% Meena, Bhils, and Kathodi
16 Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Peacock Moriyo Feathers are used for performing magical ritual called jaada to drive evil spirit away 38 69% Meena, Bhils
  1. (FL below 0 = least efficiency, 100 = highest efficiency)