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Table 1 List of useful fungi and the values of their cultural significance index (RI = relative importance; MUI = medicinal use’s index, MCSI = mushroom cultural significance index)

From: Uses and importance of wild fungi: traditional knowledge from the Tshopo province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Family Species Voucher number Reported uses RI MUI MCSI
Agaricaceae Agaricus bambusicola Heinem. ADK5267 Food 0.4 0.00 0.15
  Agaricus crocopeplus Berk. & Broome ADK5747, MKH073 Food 0.4 0.00 0.17
  Cystolepiota sp. ADK5277 Food 0.4 0.00 0.24
  Hymenagaricus luteolosporus Heinem. & Little Flower ADK5222 Food 0.4 0.00 0.11
  Leucocoprinus cepistipes (Sowerby) Pat. ADK5206 Food 0.4 0.00 0.12
Amanitaceae Amanita annulatovaginata Beeli MKH016 Food 0.4 0.00 0.26
  Amanita echinulata Beeli ADK5938, MKH159 Food 0.4 0.00 0.22
  Amanita marmorata Cleland & E.-J. Gilbert ADK5903 Food 0.4 0.00 0.21
  Amanita pudica (Beeli) Walleyn ADK5924 Food 0.4 0.00 0.29
  Amanita robusta Beeli ADK5236 Food 0.4 0.00 0.31
Auriculariaceae Auricularia cornea Ehrenb. ADK5175 Food 0.4 0.00 1.07
  Auricularia delicata (Mont.ex Fr.) Henn. ADK5169, MKH214 Food, medicinal 0.8 0.05 1.08
Boletaceae Rubinoboletus luteopurpureus (Beeli) Heinem. & Rammeloo ADK5192, MKH235 Food 0.4 0.00 0.15
Cantharellaceae Cantharellus congolensis Beeli ADK5199, MKH180 Food 0.4 0.00 0.56
  Cantharellus densifolius Heinem. MKH017 Food, myth and belief 0.8 0.00 0.38
  Cantharellus floridulus Heinem. ADK5670 Food 0.4 0.00 0.34
  Cantharellus isabellinus Heinem. ADK5667 Food 0.4 0.00 0.39
  Cantharellus longisporus Heinem. ADK5684, MKH141 Food 0.4 0.00 0.87
  Cantharellus luteopunctatus (Beeli) Heinem. ADK5836, MKH078 Food 0.4 0.00 0.32
  Cantharellus miniatescens Heinem. ADK5216 Food 0.4 0.00 0.24
  Cantharellus pseudofriesii Heinem. ADK5232 Food 0.4 0.00 0.21
  Cantharellus ruber Heinem. ADK5749 Food 0.4 0.00 0.18
  Cantharellus rufopunctatus (Beeli) Heinem. ADK5892, MKH164 Food 0.4 0.00 0.53
Ganodermataceae Ganoderma sp. ADK5854 Medicinal use 0.6 0.51 0.51
Hygrophoraceae Hygrocybe cantharellus (Schwein.) Murrill ADK5849, MKH229 Food 0.4 0.00 0.18
Lyophyllaceae Termitomyces mammiformis Heim MKH126 Food 0.4 0.00 0.41
  Termitomyces robustus (Beeli) Heim ADK5242 Food, myth and belief 0.8 0.00 0.98
  Termitomyces sp.1 ADK5852 Food 0.4 0.00 0.65
  Termitomyces sp.2 ADK5179 Food 0.4 0.00 0.78
Marasmiaceae Calyptella longipes (Cooke & Massee) W.B. Cooke ADK5868 Food 0.4 0.00 0.08
  Gymnopus sp. ADK5884 Food 0.4 0.00 0.45
  Marasmius arborescens (Henn.) Beeli ADK5255, MKH231 Food 0.4 0.00 0.62
  Marasmius bekolacongoli Beeli ADK5779, MKH035 Food 0.4 0.00 0.39
  Marasmius buzungolo Singer ADK5760, MKH121 Food 0.4 0.00 1.04
  Marasmius confertus Berk. & Broome ADK5276, MKH021 Food 0.4 0.00 0.32
  Marasmius sp. MKH226 Food 0.4 0.00 0.14
  Trogia infundibuliformis Berk. & Br. ADK5223 Food 0.4 0.00 0.24
Mycenaceae Mycenoporella sp. ADK5665, MKH084 Food 0.4 0.00 0.11
Phallaceae Phallus indusiatus Vent. ADK5822 Myth and belief 0.4 0.00 0.04
Physalacriaceae Armillaria heimii Pegler ADK5230, MKH046 Food 0.4 0.00 0.49
Pleurotaceae Pleurotus cystidiosus O.K. Mill. ADK5272, MKH067 Food 0.4 0.00 0.79
  Pleurotus flabellatus (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. ADK5771 Food 0.4 0.00 0.30
  Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Fr. ADK5183, MKH106 Food, medicinal, myth and belief, and recreational use 2.0 0.57 1.90
Pluteaceae Volvariella sp. ADK5786 Food 0.4 0.00 0.26
Polyporaceae Lentinus brunneofloccosus Pegler MKH048 Food 0.4 0.00 0.21
  Lentinus squarrosulus Mont. ADK5226, MKH079 Food, myth and belief 0.8 0.00 1.00
  Lentinus velutinus Fr. ADK5262, MKH194 Medicinal use 0.4 0.08 0.08
  Favolus tenuiculus (P. Beauv.) Fr. MKH109 Food 0.4 0.00 0.11
  Pycnoporus sanguineus (L.) Murrill ADK5873, MKH080 Medicinal use 0.4 0.76 0.76
Psathyrellaceae Coprinellus disseminatus (Pers.) J.E. Lange ADK5615 Food 0.4 0.00 0.11
Repetobasidiaceae Cotylidia aurantiaca (Pat.) A. L. Welden ADK5625, MKH058 Food 0.4 0.00 0.19
Russulaceae Lactarius acutus R. Heim ADK5251, MKH001 Food 0.4 0.00 0.31
  Lactifluus annulatoangustifolius (Beeli) Buyck ADK5862 Food 0.4 0.00 0.18
  Lactifluus pelliculatus (Beeli) Buyck MKH012 Food 0.4 0.00 0.21
  Lactarius sp. MKH075 Food 0.4 0.00 0.16
  Russula annulata R. Heim ADK5243, MKH014 Food 0.4 0.00 0.20
  Russula inflata Buyck ADK5217 Food 0.4 0.00 0.18
  Russula meleagris Buyck ADK5708, MKH113 Food 0.4 0.00 0.22
  Russula porphyrocephala Buyck ADK5750, MKH178 Food 0.4 0.00 0.16
  Russula pruinata Buyck ADK5193, MKH115 Food 0.4 0.00 0.17
  Russula striatoviridis Buyck ADK5896 Food 0.4 0.00 0.33
  Russula sesemoindu Beeli ADK5816, MKH146 Food, myth and belief 0.8 0.00 0.38
Sarcoscyphaceae Cookeina speciosa (Fr.) Dennis ADK5171, MKH054 Food, recreational use 1.3 0.00 0.53
Schizophyllaceae Schizophyllum commune Fr. MKH108 Food, medicinal use, myth and belief 1.4 0.13 1.45
Strophariaceae Gymnopilus zenkeri (Henn.) Singer ADK5619 Food 0.4 0.00 0.52
Tapinellaceae Tapinella panuoides (Fr.) E.-J. Gilbert MKH043 Food 0.4 0.00 0.16
Tricholomataceae Clitocybula sp. ADK5220 Food 0.4 0.00 0.26
  Collybia aurea (Beeli) Pegler ADK5211 Food 0.4 0.00 0.40
  Collybia sp. MKH154 Food 0.4 0.00 0.36
  Lepista sp. MKH085 Food 0.4 0.00 0.34
  Leucopaxillus sp. ADK5229 Food 0.4 0.00 0.16
Xerocomaceae Xerocomus spinulosus Heinem. & Gooss.-Font. ADK5209 Food 0.4 0.00 0.08
Xylariaceae Daldinia eschscholtzii (Ehrenb.) Rehm ADK524, MKH179 Medicinal use 0.6 0.86 0.86
  Chi squared test p value 0.00598 2.2e−16 2.2e−16
  Significance ** *** ***
  1. ***Very high significant difference; **High significant difference