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Table 3 Aspects of the process of interchange of the wild and weedy plant resources and wild mushrooms interchanged in the traditional Phurépecha markets of the region of the Pátzcuaro Lake

From: Ethnoecology of the interchange of wild and weedy plants and mushrooms in Phurépecha markets of Mexico: economic motives of biotic resources management

Aspects Barter Market Phurépecha Tiánguis Municipal Market
Interchange space Construction based on social relations, offering of products and the custom of interchanging Construction based on social relations enhancing a space of coexistence, offering products and maintaining the custom of barter The infrastructure is permanent, people make use of available spaces for developing traditional interchange
Form of exhibiting products On the floor, on clothes and plastic pieces, baskets, buckets, wooden or plastic boxes, bunched or in plastic bags, separated from cultivated or manufactured products
Participants Peasants, gatherers, artisans, fishermen, and women
From 29 Phurépecha and Mestizo communities From 5 Phurépecha and Mestizo communities From 17 Phurépecha and Mestizo communities
Interchange type Barter and trade Barter Trade
Interchange strategy Complementing the weekly availability of edible resources for households.
Wholesale buying for re-selling in other markets.
Moving among markets.
Selling to re-sellers
Complementing the weekly availability of edible resources for households.
Itinerant interchange.
Wholesale buying for re-selling in other markets.
Selling to re-sellers.
Buying products to producers and gatherers.
Households members participating in interchange Mainly women older than 40 years
Wild and weedy resources interchanged, types of use and management 37 plant species and 15 edible mushroom species; 30 species used as food, 13 medicinal and 9 ceremonial. 15 plant species and 3 edible mushroom species; 11 species used as food, 5 medicinal and 1 ceremonial. 26 plant species and 12 edible mushroom species; 23 species used as food, 9 medicinal and 6 ceremonial.
Management through gathering strategies, tolerance and enhancing
Seasonal availability Throughout the whole year. The highest number of wild and weedy species from June to October. On average, 12 species of wild and weedy resources interchanged per month Throughout the whole year. On average, 6 species of wild and weedy resources interchanged per month.
Spatial availability Distributed in forests, agricultural and ruderal areas, riparian vegetation, homegardens
From 29 communities of the Pátzcuaro Lake shoreline and the Phurépecha Plateau. From 5 communities of the Pátzcuaro Lake shoreline. From 17 communities of the Pátzcuaro Lake shoreline